Below you can find a complete list of Gabonese animals. We currently track 143 animals in Gabon and are adding more every day!
The tropical rainforest, savanna, grassland, and river habitats of Gabon are home to many types of unique wildlife. Western lowland gorillas, hippopotamus, and leopards are some of Gabon’s most notable animals. Some of the other interesting animals in this African country include buffalo, leopards, snakes, humpback whales, jackals, crocodiles, the White-crested Hornbill, mongoose, and civets to list just a few!
The Official National Animal of Gabon
The national animal of Gabon is the black panther. This big cat symbolizes the strength and courage of the people of Gabon.
The black panther is not an individual species. Instead, these unique animals are leopards with a color variation caused by what’s known as the agouti gene. Specifically, instead of having the familiar tan coat and black spots of a leopard, a black panther has more than the usual black pigment making their coat appear all black. However, if you look closely, you can see a spotted design in a black panther’s coat.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Gabon Today
Gabon has a diverse collection of unusual wildlife that includes both mild-mannered and potentially dangerous animals. In certain situations, some animals act more aggressively than others. Look at some of the most dangerous animals in Gabon.
- Gaboon Viper – These snakes are at the top of the list for many reasons. For one, their two-inch fangs are the longest of all venomous snakes. Also, these snakes release the second-highest amount of venom of all poisonous snakes. The king cobra claims the first-place spot. One average dose of venom from a Gaboon viper would be enough to kill a man who isn’t able to get medical treatment. As a note, though its venom is potentially fatal, these snakes are considered non-aggressive and would likely try to hide or escape before biting someone.
- Hippopotamus – When you think of a hippo you may picture a cute, slow-moving animal playing in a river. But they are one of the most dangerous animals in Gabon as well as in other African countries. Both males and females can weigh from 3,000 to 4,000 pounds and have powerful jaws along with long, spiky teeth. Their size combined with their tendency to become aggressive when someone enters their territory is what makes them very dangerous. They are well-known for their unpredictable behavior. It’s estimated that hippos cause 3,000 deaths each year in Africa.
- Forest Elephant – This is the world’s largest land animal and another seemingly unlikely addition to a most dangerous animals list. But these elephants can charge and trample a human under their tremendous weight. Plus, they can use their tremendous tusks to severely injure a person. They are especially aggressive if they feel their young are being threatened. These elephants are responsible for around 500 human deaths each year in Africa.
- African buffalos – An African buffalo with its large horns and strong, powerful body can injure or kill a human fairly easily. In addition, they are known to have an aggressive nature when it comes to people entering what they consider to be their territory. These unique mammals are responsible for around 200 human deaths each year.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Gabon
From tropical rainforests to savannas to rivers, Gabon has a variety of habitats filled with unique wildlife. Discover some of the top wild animals living in Gabon.
- Western Lowland Gorilla – These gorillas live in a tropical forest habitat. They can be seen in Gabon’s Loango National Park.
- African Forest Elephants – These incredible mammals live in tropical rainforests. Many of them live in Loango National Park.
- Sun-Tailed Monkey – Known for the orange section of hair on its tail, this monkey lives in lowland moist forests. It can be observed living in Pongara National Park.
- Hawksbill Sea Turtle – These sea turtles live in bays and on beaches. Pongara National Park and Loango National Park are two parks dedicated to wildlife conservation. They provide a protected place for these turtles to live.
- Vermiculated Fishing Owl – This owl lives in forests that border rivers and marshy areas. Loango National Park is one place to see these unique animals.
- Leopard – The tropical rainforest is the habitat of leopards in Gabon. Loango National Park and Lope National Park are both places to see leopards.
Endangered Animals in Gabon
In the African country of Gabon, there are some endangered animals. Over the years, poaching and habitat loss have contributed to decreasing the population of some animals in Gabon. Fortunately, there are national parks dedicated to wildlife conservation. These parks provide shelter for these amazing creatures that may otherwise have become extinct. Some of the endangered animals in Gabon include:
- African Forest Elephant
- Western Gorilla
- Red-capped Mangabey
- Grey-Necked Rockfowl (Vulnerable)
Gabonese Animals List
- African Civet
- African Clawed Frog
- African Forest Elephant
- African Palm Civet
- African Tree Toad
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Bush Baby
- Common Buzzard
- Crab Spider
- Dwarf Crocodile
- Elephant Shrew
- Fruit Bat
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Guinea Fowl
- Honey Badger
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Marabou Stork
- Monitor Lizard
- Nile Crocodile
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- River Turtle
- Skink Lizard
- Stick Insect
- Tree Frog
- Tsetse Fly
- Water Buffalo
- Western Gorilla
- Western Lowland Gorilla
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Gabon FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Gabon?
Mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and fish live in Gabon. Some of the most well-known examples of Gabon wildlife include snakes like the Gaboon viper and the forest cobra. Other animals include African elephants, buffalo, leopards, gorillas, vermiculated fishing owls, and sea turtles to name a few. Some of these animals such as the African Elephant and Western Lowland Gorillas are now endangered and would be at risk of becoming extinct without wildlife conservation efforts happening in Gabon.
Are there lions in Gabon?
Yes, but very few. Lions were once considered extinct in Gabon but are now slowly growing in number due to steps taken with wildlife conservation.
What is the national animal in Gabon?
The national animal of Gabon is the black panther. Of course, the black panther is not a separate species. It’s a leopard with extra black pigmentation that gives it a black coat. Look closely and you’ll see black panthers still have dark spots on their fur like a leopard.