Animals in Gabon

Below you can find a complete list of Gabonese animals. We currently track 143 animals in Gabon and are adding more every day!

The tropical rainforest, savanna, grassland, and river habitats of Gabon are home to many types of unique wildlife. Western lowland gorillas, hippopotamus, and leopards are some of Gabon’s most notable animals. Some of the other interesting animals in this African country include buffalo, leopards, snakes, humpback whales, jackals, crocodiles, the White-crested Hornbill, mongoose, and civets to list just a few!

Gabon has 604 bird species, 200 plus mammal species, 139 reptile species, 98 amphibian species, and 799 species of fish.

The Official National Animal of Gabon

The national animal of Gabon is the black panther. This big cat symbolizes the strength and courage of the people of Gabon.

The black panther is not an individual species. Instead, these unique animals are leopards with a color variation caused by what’s known as the agouti gene. Specifically, instead of having the familiar tan coat and black spots of a leopard, a black panther has more than the usual black pigment making their coat appear all black. However, if you look closely, you can see a spotted design in a black panther’s coat.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Gabon Today

Gabon has a diverse collection of unusual wildlife that includes both mild-mannered and potentially dangerous animals. In certain situations, some animals act more aggressively than others. Look at some of the most dangerous animals in Gabon.

  • Gaboon Viper – These snakes are at the top of the list for many reasons. For one, their two-inch fangs are the longest of all venomous snakes. Also, these snakes release the second-highest amount of venom of all poisonous snakes. The king cobra claims the first-place spot. One average dose of venom from a Gaboon viper would be enough to kill a man who isn’t able to get medical treatment. As a note, though its venom is potentially fatal, these snakes are considered non-aggressive and would likely try to hide or escape before biting someone.
  • Hippopotamus – When you think of a hippo you may picture a cute, slow-moving animal playing in a river. But they are one of the most dangerous animals in Gabon as well as in other African countries. Both males and females can weigh from 3,000 to 4,000 pounds and have powerful jaws along with long, spiky teeth. Their size combined with their tendency to become aggressive when someone enters their territory is what makes them very dangerous. They are well-known for their unpredictable behavior. It’s estimated that hippos cause 3,000 deaths each year in Africa.
  • Forest Elephant – This is the world’s largest land animal and another seemingly unlikely addition to a most dangerous animals list. But these elephants can charge and trample a human under their tremendous weight. Plus, they can use their tremendous tusks to severely injure a person. They are especially aggressive if they feel their young are being threatened. These elephants are responsible for around 500 human deaths each year in Africa.
  • African buffalos – An African buffalo with its large horns and strong, powerful body can injure or kill a human fairly easily. In addition, they are known to have an aggressive nature when it comes to people entering what they consider to be their territory. These unique mammals are responsible for around 200 human deaths each year.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Gabon

From tropical rainforests to savannas to rivers, Gabon has a variety of habitats filled with unique wildlife. Discover some of the top wild animals living in Gabon.

  • Western Lowland Gorilla – These gorillas live in a tropical forest habitat. They can be seen in Gabon’s Loango National Park.
  • African Forest Elephants – These incredible mammals live in tropical rainforests. Many of them live in Loango National Park.
  • Sun-Tailed Monkey – Known for the orange section of hair on its tail, this monkey lives in lowland moist forests. It can be observed living in Pongara National Park.
  • Hawksbill Sea Turtle – These sea turtles live in bays and on beaches. Pongara National Park and Loango National Park are two parks dedicated to wildlife conservation. They provide a protected place for these turtles to live.
  • Vermiculated Fishing Owl – This owl lives in forests that border rivers and marshy areas. Loango National Park is one place to see these unique animals.
  • Leopard – The tropical rainforest is the habitat of leopards in Gabon. Loango National Park and Lope National Park are both places to see leopards.

Endangered Animals in Gabon

In the African country of Gabon, there are some endangered animals. Over the years, poaching and habitat loss have contributed to decreasing the population of some animals in Gabon. Fortunately, there are national parks dedicated to wildlife conservation. These parks provide shelter for these amazing creatures that may otherwise have become extinct. Some of the endangered animals in Gabon include:

Gabonese Animals

Aardvark

Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!

African Civet

Secretes up to 4g of musk every week!

African Clawed Frog

A particularly ferocious amphibian!

African Forest Elephant

Have large rounded ears to help keep them cool!

African Palm Civet

Solitary but gathers in groups!

African Tree Toad

Found in tropical moist lowland forests!

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bichir

The bichir species is more than 400 million years old

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Buffalo

Has no real natural predators!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Bush Baby

In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chameleon

There are more than 160 different species!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Chimpanzee

Has 32 teeth including fang-like canines!

Cichlid

There are more than 2 000 known species!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dwarf Crocodile

Digs burrows in river banks to rest!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Elephant Shrew

Found exclusively on the African continent!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Flamingo

Sleeps on just one leg!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Bat

Among the largest bats in the world

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Gorilla

The biggest of the world's primates!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Guinea Fowl

Found in a vairety of African habitats!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Hippopotamus

Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!

Honey Badger

One of earth's bravest creatures!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Hyena

There are four different species!

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leopard

Spends much of the time high in the trees!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lion

Lives in small groups called prides!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Mandrill

Distinctively coloured noses and rumps!

Marabou Stork

The marabou stork does not have a voice box.

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

Nile Crocodile

When a female Nile crocodile’s hatchlings are in danger, she may hide them in a special pouch inside her throat.

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Pangolin

Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Serval

Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Tsetse Fly

Tsetse flies are large biting flies that live in the tropical regions of Africa.

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Warthog

Has two sets of tusks on it's face!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Western Gorilla

There are two sub-species!

Western Lowland Gorilla

One of the great apes!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Zebra

Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Zonkey

The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!

Zorse

The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!

Gabonese Animals List

Animals in Gabon FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Gabon?

Mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and fish live in Gabon. Some of the most well-known examples of Gabon wildlife include snakes like the Gaboon viper and the forest cobra. Other animals include African elephants, buffalo, leopards, gorillas, vermiculated fishing owls, and sea turtles to name a few. Some of these animals such as the African Elephant and Western Lowland Gorillas are now endangered and would be at risk of becoming extinct without wildlife conservation efforts happening in Gabon.

Are there lions in Gabon?

Yes, but very few. Lions were once considered extinct in Gabon but are now slowly growing in number due to steps taken with wildlife conservation.

What is the national animal in Gabon?

The national animal of Gabon is the black panther. Of course, the black panther is not a separate species. It’s a leopard with extra black pigmentation that gives it a black coat. Look closely and you’ll see black panthers still have dark spots on their fur like a leopard.