Below you can find a complete list of Gabonese animals. We currently track 242 animals in Gabon and are adding more every day!
The tropical rainforest, savanna, grassland, and river habitats of Gabon are home to many types of unique wildlife. Western lowland gorillas, hippopotamus, and leopards are some of Gabon’s most notable animals. Some of the other interesting animals in this African country include buffalo, leopards, snakes, humpback whales, jackals, crocodiles, the White-crested Hornbill, mongoose, and civets to list just a few!
Gabon has 604 bird species, 200 plus mammal species, 139 reptile species, 98 amphibian species, and 799 species of fish.
The Official National Animal of Gabon
The national animal of Gabon is the black panther. This big cat symbolizes the strength and courage of the people of Gabon.
The black panther is not an individual species. Instead, these unique animals are leopards with a color variation caused by what’s known as the agouti gene. Specifically, instead of having the familiar tan coat and black spots of a leopard, a black panther has more than the usual black pigment making their coat appear all black. However, if you look closely, you can see a spotted design in a black panther’s coat.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Gabon Today
Gabon has a diverse collection of unusual wildlife that includes both mild-mannered and potentially dangerous animals. In certain situations, some animals act more aggressively than others. Look at some of the most dangerous animals in Gabon.
- Gaboon Viper – These snakes are at the top of the list for many reasons. For one, their two-inch fangs are the longest of all venomous snakes. Also, these snakes release the second-highest amount of venom of all poisonous snakes. The king cobra claims the first-place spot. One average dose of venom from a Gaboon viper would be enough to kill a man who isn’t able to get medical treatment. As a note, though its venom is potentially fatal, these snakes are considered non-aggressive and would likely try to hide or escape before biting someone.
- Hippopotamus – When you think of a hippo you may picture a cute, slow-moving animal playing in a river. But they are one of the most dangerous animals in Gabon as well as in other African countries. Both males and females can weigh from 3,000 to 4,000 pounds and have powerful jaws along with long, spiky teeth. Their size combined with their tendency to become aggressive when someone enters their territory is what makes them very dangerous. They are well-known for their unpredictable behavior. It’s estimated that hippos cause 3,000 deaths each year in Africa.
- Forest Elephant – This is the world’s largest land animal and another seemingly unlikely addition to a most dangerous animals list. But these elephants can charge and trample a human under their tremendous weight. Plus, they can use their tremendous tusks to severely injure a person. They are especially aggressive if they feel their young are being threatened. These elephants are responsible for around 500 human deaths each year in Africa.
- African buffalos – An African buffalo with its large horns and strong, powerful body can injure or kill a human fairly easily. In addition, they are known to have an aggressive nature when it comes to people entering what they consider to be their territory. These unique mammals are responsible for around 200 human deaths each year.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Gabon
From tropical rainforests to savannas to rivers, Gabon has a variety of habitats filled with unique wildlife. Discover some of the top wild animals living in Gabon.
- Western Lowland Gorilla – These gorillas live in a tropical forest habitat. They can be seen in Gabon’s Loango National Park.
- African Forest Elephants – These incredible mammals live in tropical rainforests. Many of them live in Loango National Park.
- Sun-Tailed Monkey – Known for the orange section of hair on its tail, this monkey lives in lowland moist forests. It can be observed living in Pongara National Park.
- Hawksbill Sea Turtle – These sea turtles live in bays and on beaches. Pongara National Park and Loango National Park are two parks dedicated to wildlife conservation. They provide a protected place for these turtles to live.
- Vermiculated Fishing Owl – This owl lives in forests that border rivers and marshy areas. Loango National Park is one place to see these unique animals.
- Leopard – The tropical rainforest is the habitat of leopards in Gabon. Loango National Park and Lope National Park are both places to see leopards.
Endangered Animals in Gabon
In the African country of Gabon, there are some endangered animals. Over the years, poaching and habitat loss have contributed to decreasing the population of some animals in Gabon. Fortunately, there are national parks dedicated to wildlife conservation. These parks provide shelter for these amazing creatures that may otherwise have become extinct. Some of the endangered animals in Gabon include:
Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!
Secretes up to 4g of musk every week!
African clawed frogs were used as pregnancy testers from the 1930s to the early 1960s.
Both male and female African elephants have tusks. In Asian elephants, only the males have tusks.
African fish eagles belong to the genus of sea eagles
Have large rounded ears to help keep them cool!
The first image of an African golden cat was captured in the wild in Gabon in 2002.
When a grey parrot named Yosuke got lost, it was reunited with its owner after giving the owner's name and address.
The males raise the young
Solitary but gathers in groups!
Found in tropical moist lowland forests!
The agama forms small social groups that contain both dominant and subordinate males.
Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Renew their horns every year!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.
There are over 1768 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
The bichir species is more than 400 million years old
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
They typically prey on insects!
Long and heavy spiralled horns!
Females glue egg cases to furniture
Can live its entire life indoors
"They look like you owe them money."
The most common species of bee!
In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.
Bush vipers are predators, sinking their fangs into prey while dangling from a tree limb
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
There are more than 160 different species!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Has 32 teeth including fang-like canines!
There are more than 2 000 known species!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
Cosmic caterpillars have spots on their back that look like eyes to scare off predators.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
Have changed little in 200 million years!
Crocodylomorphs include extinct ancient species as well as 26 living species today.
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Digs burrows in river banks to rest!
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Eel catfish breathe air and reach up on land to catch beetles. Scientists think they may be a missing link between fish and lizards.
A duck species that resembles a goose when flying
The electric catfish can discharge an electric shock up to 450 volts
Spends around 22 hours a day eating!
Found exclusively on the African continent!
The fastest creatures on the planet!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.
The fire ball python morph is known for its rich golden and reddish-brown coloration.
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
There are three different color morphs, which entirely depend on the region that they live in.
Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"
There are around 7,000 different species!
Among the largest bats in the world
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
They build a ramp from their nest, which leads to a nearby water source
Gaboon vipers are the largest vipers in Africa.
Named for the Arabic word for love poems
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Originally known as the Desert Rat!
The most common type of urban roach
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
Goliath beetles are the largest beetles in the world, and they can carry objects several times their weight.
The biggest of the world's primates!
There are 11,000 known species!
Found in a vairety of African habitats!
One of the most invasive species in the world
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!
One of earth's bravest creatures!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are four different species!
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
One of the biggest species in the Caranx genus
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Spends much of the time high in the trees!
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
Lives in small groups called prides!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Will only live in wet areas
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
Distinctively coloured noses and rumps!
The marabou stork does not have a voice box.
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Instead of the typically banded or ‘alien head’ patterning of most ball python morphs, the Mojave morph’s patterning is characterized by lots of large, circular splotches with small, dark brown dots in their centers.
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
Unlike other reptiles, the male Nile crocodile will stay with a female to guard their nest of eggs.
The Nile monitor is the world's fourth-largest lizard!
There are more than 5,000 species.
Olive baboons will sometimes form strong friendships with each other
Females are about four times the size of males
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
The panda pied ball python morph is a combination of the piebald and black pastel traits.
Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell
Can live for up to 100 years!
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
This large snake is so-named because it will puff up its body to appear bigger than it is when directly threatened by a predator or person.
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 300 different species!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Is the most populous bird in the world
The river jack snake has a gigantic horn-like scale on the tip of its nose.
It's horns are made from keratin!
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
Rock pythons may have crossbred with the escaped Burmese pythons in Florida.
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Will mate with the entire flock!
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Spitting cobras are types of cobras that can spit venom at predators and prey.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Because of their unique venom delivery system, stiletto snakes are almost impossible to hold safely in the usual way (with fingers behind the head) without being bitten.
They can’t sing like other birds.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The skate with the biggest spines!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Tsetse flies are large biting flies that live in the tropical regions of Africa.
Their name means “banana-eater,” but they rarely ever eat bananas.
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Has two sets of tusks on it's face!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
There are two sub-species!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
There are 200 different species!
They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.
The yellow belly gene is co-dominant and doesn't completely override other genes.
Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!
There are around 75 different species!
The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!
The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!
Gabonese Animals List
Animals in Gabon FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Gabon?
Mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and fish live in Gabon. Some of the most well-known examples of Gabon wildlife include snakes like the Gaboon viper and the forest cobra. Other animals include African elephants, buffalo, leopards, gorillas, vermiculated fishing owls, and sea turtles to name a few. Some of these animals such as the African Elephant and Western Lowland Gorillas are now endangered and would be at risk of becoming extinct without wildlife conservation efforts happening in Gabon.
Are there lions in Gabon?
Yes, but very few. Lions were once considered extinct in Gabon but are now slowly growing in number due to steps taken with wildlife conservation.
What is the national animal in Gabon?
The national animal of Gabon is the black panther. Of course, the black panther is not a separate species. It’s a leopard with extra black pigmentation that gives it a black coat. Look closely and you’ll see black panthers still have dark spots on their fur like a leopard.