Below you can find a complete list of Chadian animals. We currently track 148 animals in Chad and are adding more every day!
Bordered to the west by Niger and Nigeria, the southwest by Cameroon, the south by the Central African Republic, the east by Sudan, and the north by Libya and Niger, Chad is blessed with a variety of habitats that supports unique and amazing wildlife. The Sahara desert lies in the north, the center supports grassland and the south supports tropical plants.
At last count, Chad had 134 kinds of mammals, 532 types of birds, 179 species of fish found in Lake Chad, and a number of species of insects and reptiles, including snakes and crocodiles. Still, these numbers have fallen greatly since the beginning of the 20th century from poaching, habitat destruction, and hunting. These activities have caused some creatures to go extinct in Chad or to hover at the edge of going extinct. Still, there are both protected and unprotected areas for the country’s wildlife. Here are some facts about the wildlife of Chad:
The Official National Animal of Chad
Chad actually has two national animals. In the north, it is the goat and in the south, it’s the lion. The goat was probably chosen for its overall usefulness as it provides milk, meat, and hide. The lion was chosen for its majestic bravery.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Chad
The top animals in Chad can be found in such parks, reserves, and forests as Zakouma National Park, Aouk National Park, Manda National Park, and Goz Beïda National Park. Reserves that have some protection are Bahr Salamat, Beinamar, Larmanaye, Abou Telfane, Ouadi Rimé-Ouadi Achim Binder-Léré, Fada Archei, Mandelia and Siniala-Minia. There are also eight Bird Areas and the Tibesti Massif, which is protected. The rare desert crocodile can be found in the Ennedi Plateau along with the equally rare North African ostrich. Some have even claimed to see a type of sabertooth cat in the area.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Chad Today
Here are some facts about Chad’s most dangerous beasts:
- Hippopotamus. Ungainly on land, the hippopotamus is notoriously mean-tempered and aggressive. Hippos kill hundreds of people every year by various means, including attacking them on land and in the water. Some believe the number of kills is as high as 3000.
- Elephants. Elephants, especially males who are in must, are believed to kill about 500 people every year. As their habitat is encroached upon, elephants have become even more dangerous.
- African buffalo. The African buffalo is notorious for not only being dangerous but vengeful against hunters. It kills at least 200 people every year through trampling or goring, and a lone buffalo musters in herd members to help.
- Mosquito. More dangerous even than these large mammals is the tiny mosquito. Mosquitoes that live in Chad’s tropical regions can transmit malaria, which led to 409,000 deaths in 2019.
- Tsetse Fly. The tsetse fly transmits a deadly disease called sleeping sickness, and as Chad is found in the eastern part of the continent, the form of sleeping sickness is acute as opposed to chronic. Sleeping sickness killed 3500 people in 2015.
Endangered Animals In Chad
- African bush elephant. Because Chad’s national parks are unfortunately understaffed, elephants are subject to poaching for their ivory. Sometimes poachers massacre entire herds of elephants.
- Slender-billed curlew. This wading bird is considered critically endangered.
- Northwest African cheetah. This big cat is both rare and critically endangered.
- West African lion. This animal, one of the two national animals of Chad, is also critically endangered.
- African wild ass. This wild donkey is critically endangered. It is rare in Africa overall, with only a few hundred individuals left in the wild.
- African wild dog. This carnivore is endangered.
Chadian Animals List
- African Civet
- African Clawed Frog
- African Wild Dog
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Bush Baby
- Carpenter Ant
- Common Buzzard
- Crab Spider
- Desert Locust
- Dung Beetle
- Elephant Shrew
- Fennec Fox
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Guinea Fowl
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Monitor Lizard
- Nile Crocodile
- No See Ums
- Patas Monkey
- Peregrine Falcon
- River Turtle
- Rock Hyrax
- Senegal Parrot
- Skink Lizard
- Spider Wasp
- Stick Insect
- Striped Hyena
- Sulcata Tortoise
- Tree Frog
- Tsetse Fly
- Water Buffalo
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Chad FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Chad?
An amazing variety of fauna lives in Chad. They include lions, cheetahs, sand cats and servals, leopards, and genets. Chad is also home to the Egyptian mongoose and rodents such as the Gambian sun squirrel, the crested porcupine, the Western Saharan spiny mouse, and several species of gerbil, including the pygmy gerbil and Tarabui’s gerbil. Other animals include the Cape hare.
There are several species of shrews and many unique species of bats, including the butterfly bat, the tiny serotine, and the naked-rumped tomb bat. Chad is home to the spotted hyena, the striped hyena and the African golden wolf, and the amazing, desert-dwelling fennec fox with its huge ears. There are giraffes, bush hogs, and antelopes that range in size from the giant eland to the tiny common duiker.
Though Chad is a landlocked country, much of its wildlife is found in and around Lake Chad. Fish include cichlids and tilapia, sailfins, and the Nile perch. The lungfish, a unique fish that breathes air and can live longer than 80 years, is also found in the lake.
Birds in Chad include the ostrich, cormorants, pelicans, herons and egrets, the sacred ibis, storks, ducks, swans and geese, and the lesser flamingo. Birds of prey such as osprey, hawks, kites, harriers, vultures, and eagles are also found in Chad. Other birds are owls, avocets, buttonquails, thick-knees, pheasants and grouse, cranes, and guinea fowl. Songbirds include swifts, bee-eaters, kingfishers, larks, swallows, warblers, orioles, wattle-eyes, thrushes, laughing thrushes, oxpeckers, jays, crows, starlings, and cuckoo shrikes.
Reptiles that are native to Chad include cobras including the Katian and black-necked spitting cobras. Others are the African rock python and Mocquard’s writhing skink. Amphibians found in Chad include the sub desert toad, the Senegal running frog, the Sudan mastigure, and the Tassilian agama. Insects include the beautiful cabbage tree emperor moth, the Angola white lady butterfly, the silky sugar ant, locusts, grasshoppers, and dragonflies. There are also spiders such as Lycosa wadaiensis and their relatives.
Are there monkeys in Chad?
Monkeys in Chad include the tantalus monkey, the pastas monkey, the mantled guereza, which is a type of colobus monkey, and the olive baboon.