Updated: February 21, 2023
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Below you can find a complete list of Nigerian animals. We currently track 270 animals in Nigeria and are adding more every day!

Nigeria is a land of diverse ecosystems, including deserts, plains, swamps, mountains, and jungles. The third-largest river delta in the world is within its boundaries. Therefore, you can find many different types of animals in Nigeria. There are over 22,000 vertebrate and invertebrate species in Nigeria.

Several native species remain in Nigeria, such as the elusive pangolin, hyraxes, cuckoos, puff adders, and hoopoes. Unfortunately, many of these animals are facing threats of endangerment or extinction.

At least 21 bird species may become extinct as a result of deforestation for agricultural benefits.

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The Official National Animal of Nigeria

Types of Crane birds - Black-Crowned Crane

A Black Crowned Crane (Balearica pavonina) on one leg, looking for insects. This type of Crane bird is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa.

The black-crowned crane is the official animal of Nigeria, endemic to the country and thought to be a sign of prosperity.

Two different species of black-crowned cranes live in Nigeria. The subspecies on the western end of the country are significantly threatened by loss of habitat.

The official national animal of Nigeria is not the eagle, but rather the black-crowned crane. This magnificent bird is found in grasslands and wetlands across Africa and is known for its striking appearance, with a black crown, white cheeks, and a bright red throat pouch.

The black-crowned crane is highly revered in Nigeria, where it is a symbol of beauty, grace, and strength. It is often depicted in art, textiles, and sculptures, and its image is used in many official government logos and emblems.

The bird also plays an important role in traditional African folklore and is seen as a messenger of the gods. Despite being a national symbol, the black-crowned crane is considered endangered due to habitat loss and hunting.

Efforts are being made to protect this beautiful bird and preserve its habitat, both in Nigeria and throughout Africa.

Rarest Animals Found in Nigeria

baby manatee and mother

his large aquatic mammal is found in rivers and coastal waters throughout West and Central Africa, including Nigeria. It is listed as vulnerable due to hunting and habitat destruction.

Nigeria is home to a variety of unique and rare animal species, many of which are found nowhere else in the world. Unfortunately, many of these species are threatened with extinction due to habitat loss, poaching, and other human activities.

Here are some of the rarest animals found in Nigeria:

  • Cross River gorilla: This critically endangered gorilla subspecies is found only in the border region between Nigeria and Cameroon. It is one of the rarest primates in the world, with only around 300 individuals remaining in the wild.
  • Nigerian-Cameroon chimpanzee: Another critically endangered primate found in the same region as the Cross River gorilla, the Nigerian-Cameroon chimpanzee is estimated to have a wild population of fewer than 6,000 individuals.
  • African manatee: This large aquatic mammal is found in rivers and coastal waters throughout West and Central Africa, including Nigeria. It is listed as vulnerable due to hunting and habitat destruction.
  • African forest elephant: This elephant subspecies is found in the forests of Central and West Africa, including Nigeria. It is considered vulnerable due to habitat loss and poaching for its ivory.
  • Pangolin: Both the African white-bellied pangolin and the giant pangolin can be found in Nigeria. These unique mammals are covered in scales and are highly valued for their meat and scales in traditional medicine, making them vulnerable to hunting and illegal trade.

Efforts are being made to protect these and other rare species in Nigeria through conservation initiatives and education campaigns.

Largest Animals found in Nigeria

Giraffe Facts - Giraffe neck

The giraffe is the tallest land animal in the world and can be found in Nigeria’s savannahs.

Nigeria is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including some of the largest animals in Africa.

Here are some of the largest animals found in Nigeria:

  • African elephant: The African elephant is the largest land animal in the world and can be found in various parts of Nigeria. These majestic creatures can weigh up to 6 tonnes and stand up to 4 meters tall at the shoulder.
  • Hippopotamus: The hippopotamus is one of the largest mammals found in Africa and can be found in Nigeria’s rivers and lakes. These semi-aquatic creatures can weigh up to 3,200 kg and are known for their aggressive behavior.
  • Nile crocodile: The Nile crocodile is the largest crocodile species in Africa and can be found in Nigeria’s waterways. These powerful predators can grow up to 6 meters in length and weigh over 1,000 kg.
  • African buffalo: The African buffalo is a large and powerful bovine that can be found in Nigeria’s savannahs and forests. These animals can weigh up to 900 kg and are known for their aggressive behavior.
  • Giraffe: The giraffe is the tallest land animal in the world and can be found in Nigeria’s savannahs. These magnificent creatures can reach heights of up to 5.5 meters.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals

Elephant in Murchison Falls NP

These elephants live at five different sites in Southern Nigeria, including the Omo Forests in Ogun State, the Okomu National Park, the Cross River National Park, Idanre Forests and Osse River Park, and Andoni Island.

There are many types of animals in Nigeria. Therefore, you may want to spend some time exploring the different ecosystems to see the many unique animals and birds that exist in very few other places in the world. Some sightseeing areas include:

The Most Dangerous Animals in Nigeria Today

Hippos Fighting in Water

Hippos are mighty animals that are very territorial. Across Africa, about 3,000 people are killed by hippos annually.

Most wild animals in Nigeria are perfectly safe. Those that are the most dangerous are often in remote areas where you may never encounter them as their numbers are often extremely threatened.

Therefore, the most dangerous animals in Nigeria today include:

  • Puff adder – This unique snake is the deadliest across Africa, with approximately 32,000 people dying across the continent yearly from its bite.
  • Mosquitoes – Across Africa, approximately 1 million people die annually from a mosquito bite, and another 70 million get sick with malaria or yellow fever.
  • Dogs – Rabies is a huge problem in Nigeria.
  • Hippopotamuses – These mighty animals are very territorial. Across Africa, about 3,000 people are killed by hippos annually.

Native Birds

Two flamingos, one center frame, one right Fram, Facing right. They are pink There are other out-of-focus flamingos in the background.

Flamingoes can sleep while standing.

Around 1,000 bird species make their home in Nigeria. Four of these species are endemic to the country and 31 are under threat of population decline. Endemic species include Ibadan malimbe, Anambra waxbill, Rock firefinch, and Jos Plateau indigo bird. A great diversity of birds roam, ranging from ostriches to waterfowl to flamingos.

Supporting multitudes of beautiful and unique species across diverse environments, Nigeria is around 34th in the world for birdwatching, drawing in avian fanatics from all over the world. Listed are a few popular observation sites and what birds may be spotted:

  • Amurum Forest – Migratory birds; Joe Plateau Indigos, Rock Fire Finches, White-billed Buffalo-weavers, Pied Kingfisher, Senegal Parrot, etc.
  • IITA Forest Reserve & Lake – Most popular species to see is Ibadan Malimbe; Helmeted guineafowl, African Pied Hornbill, Collared Sunbird, Black-crowned Night-heron, etc.
  • Yankari Game Reserve – African Yellow White-eye, Grey Hornbill, Striped Kingfisher, Speckled-front Weaver, etc.
  • Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary – African Green Pidgeon, Black Kite, Village Weaver, etc.

In addition to the aforementioned areas, countless wildlife reserves and natural areas can be found in Nigeria, all bearing refuge to various avian visitors and residents.

Native Fish

Fastest Water Animals

Marlins are among the fastest marine swimmers, reaching ~110 km/h (68 mph) in short bursts.

Nigerian people are dependent upon fish as their main source of protein, contributing to an extensive fishing industry. Along the coastline lie many fishing villages along with inland fishing in freshwater sources. Because of the necessity of fishing for the survival of local people, fishing is under the regulation of state and federal governments.

However, the country continues to lose an estimated $70 million each year to illegal fishing. Nigeria is the largest producer of catfish in the world, a fish popular in both commercial and local markets. Crayfish, sardines, tilapia, and salmon are also common species to find in fish farms in Nigeria.

Sport fishing is also popular in the country with charter trips available off the coast. Some popular species found in these waters are:

When visiting any country it is important to follow its rules and regulations regarding hunting and fishing. Nigeria, in particular, depends upon profitable fishing which is crucial to their economy and survival.

Native Snakes

A Black-necked spitting cobra can be found in Nigeria.

While a major hotspot for beautiful and intriguing wildlife, some dangers do lurk around the country of Nigeria, occasionally in the form of venomous snakes. However, several species of snakes in the country are non-venomous and keep their distance from humans.

Some venomous snake species found in Nigeria include:

A few venomous species native to the country actually has a low chance of envenomation, such as stiletto snakes, mole vipers, and burrowing asps.

Non-venomous snakes include members of the python family, such as the African Rock Python. File snakes and thread snakes are non-venomous species endemic to Nigeria.

Endangered Animals

There are many endangered animals in Nigeria. Some are threatened everywhere in the world while others are more locally threatened. Across the country, important work is being done to protect animals. Some important endangered animals in Nigeria include:

Zoos in Nigeria

Along with many natural reserves and wildlife management areas, a handful of zoos exist in several Nigerian states. Following is a list of popular zoos and their attractions.

  • Audu Bako Zoo, founded in 1971, is one of the oldest conservation sites in Nigeria. Species found here include lions, giraffes, hippopotamuses, zebras, and ostriches.
  • The National Children’s Park and Zoo is a great zoo to take children to as its attractions include playgrounds, snack shops, and enclosures with easily identifiable animals. Animals found at this zoo range from camels to donkeys to cheetahs.
  • Jos Wildlife Park is home to hippopotamus, a variety of monkeys, buffaloes, crocodiles, and hyenas. It was established in 1956 and spans 8 km (5 miles) and is now one of the oldest and most popular parks in the country.

Many of these zoos and parks are highly involved in wildlife conservation and protection, working towards combatting threats to natural species and their habitats.

Spectacular Fish Found in Nigeria

Yellowtail snapper on a coral reef at Little Cayman Island in the Caribbean.

Nigeria has a diverse range of fish species, with over 250 freshwater and marine fish found in its rivers, lakes, and coastal waters.

Some of the common fish species found in Nigeria include:

  • Tilapia: A popular freshwater fish that is farmed commercially in Nigeria and consumed widely for its mild, sweet flesh.
  • Catfish: Another commonly farmed fish in Nigeria, known for its meaty texture and versatility in cooking.
  • Mackerel: A common saltwater fish that is caught off the coast of Nigeria and consumed widely for its oily, flavorful flesh.
  • Barracuda: A predatory saltwater fish that is highly prized for its tender white flesh and is often grilled or fried.
  • Snapper: A group of saltwater fish species that are popular in Nigeria, including the red snapper, which is known for its firm texture and mild flavor.

Other fish species found in Nigeria include bream, croaker, carp, eel, grouper, and tuna. The fishing industry is an important source of livelihood for many Nigerians, both as a means of subsistence and as a commercial enterprise.

However, overfishing and pollution are significant threats to Nigeria’s fish populations, and efforts are being made to promote sustainable fishing practices and protect the country’s aquatic ecosystems.

Nigeria has a rich marine life with countless extraordinary fish species roaming its lakes, rivers, and coastal waters. In Nigeria’s waters, you’ll find the Atlantic sailfish (Istiophorus albicans), the Atlantic blue marlin (Makaira nigricans), the mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus), and tons of other amazing fish,

Nigerian Animals


Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!

African Bush Elephant

Can drink up to 50 gallons a day

African Civet

Secretes up to 4g of musk every week!

African Clawed Frog

African clawed frogs were used as pregnancy testers from the 1930s to the early 1960s.

African Fish Eagle

African fish eagles belong to the genus of sea eagles

African Golden Cat

The first image of an African golden cat was captured in the wild in Gabon in 2002.

African Grey Parrot

When a grey parrot named Yosuke got lost, it was reunited with its owner after giving the owner's name and address.

African Jacana

The males raise the young

African Palm Civet

Solitary but gathers in groups!

African Tree Toad

Found in tropical moist lowland forests!

African Wild Dog

Also known as the painted dog!

American Cockroach

Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Renew their horns every year!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Axanthic Ball Python

Axanthic ball pythons lack yellow pigment in their skin!


Can travel more than four miles a day!

Banana Cinnamon Ball Python

Banana cinnamon ball pythons came from combining the banana and cinnamon genes.

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.


There are over 1768 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species


The bichir species is more than 400 million years old


Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Mamba

Black mambas are the longest venomous snake in Africa, and second longest in the world.

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brazilian Treehopper

“Mild-Mannered Minimonsters”

Brown-banded Cockroach

Females glue egg cases to furniture

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors


"They look like you owe them money."


The most common species of bee!

Bush Baby

In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.

Bush Viper

Bush vipers are predators, sinking their fangs into prey while dangling from a tree limb


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!


Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin


Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Carpet Viper

The Carpet Viper probably bites and kills more people than any other species of snake.


May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


There are more than 160 different species!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Has 32 teeth including fang-like canines!


There are more than 2 000 known species!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.


They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.


There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


Have changed little in 200 million years!


Crocodylomorphs include extinct ancient species as well as 26 living species today.

Cross River Gorilla

Less than 300 remaining!


A group of these birds is called a Murder.

Desert Ghost Ball Python

Desert ghost ball pythons are even more beautiful when they're bred with another type like enchi ball pythons.

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Dwarf Crocodile

Digs burrows in river banks to rest!


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Egyptian Goose

A duck species that resembles a goose when flying

Egyptian Vulture

They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.

Electric Catfish

The electric catfish can discharge an electric shock up to 450 volts


Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Elephant Shrew

Found exclusively on the African continent!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fiddler Crab

The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.

Fire Ball Python

The fire ball python morph is known for its rich golden and reddish-brown coloration.


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world


Sleeps on just one leg!


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Forest Cobra

There are three different color morphs, which entirely depend on the region that they live in.


Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"

Freeway Ball Python

Freeway ball pythons come from breeding yellow belly and asphalt ball pythons.


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Bat

Among the largest bats in the world

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world

Fulvous Whistling Duck

They build a ramp from their nest, which leads to a nearby water source

Gaboon Viper

Gaboon vipers are the largest vipers in Africa.


Named for the Arabic word for love poems


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!


Originally known as the Desert Rat!

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Giant African Land Snail

The biggest snail species on land!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!


Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goliath Beetle

Goliath beetles are the largest beetles in the world, and they can carry objects several times their weight. 


The biggest of the world's primates!


There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Guinea Fowl

Found in a vairety of African habitats!

Gypsy Moth

One of the most invasive species in the world


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!


Unlike other animals that move towards the water source, hartebeests move to more arid locations after rainfall.

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!


Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!

Honey Badger

One of earth's bravest creatures!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


The fly has no teeth


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are four different species!


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!


There are an estimated 30 million species!


The jacana has the ability to swim underwater

Jack Crevalle

One of the biggest species in the Caranx genus


Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies

Killer Clown Ball Python

Killer clown ball pythons can cost several thousand dollars.


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


Klipspringers can jump as high as 10-12ft!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lappet-faced Vulture

Lappet-faced vultures are tidy and wash their heads in a body of water after they’ve eaten

Lavender Albino Ball Python

The first two lavender albino ball pythons were wild-hatched and imported from Africa.


Has 10 pairs of eyes!


Spends much of the time high in the trees!


The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!


Lives in small groups called prides!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.


Will only live in wet areas


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marabou Stork

The marabou stork does not have a voice box.


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mojave Ball Python

Instead of the typically banded or ‘alien head’ patterning of most ball python morphs, the Mojave morph’s patterning is characterized by lots of large, circular splotches with small, dark brown dots in their centers.


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!


Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!


There are around 260 known species!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Nigerian Goat

Produces a lot of milk for its small size


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

Nile Crocodile

Unlike other reptiles, the male Nile crocodile will stay with a female to guard their nest of eggs.

Nile Monitor

The Nile monitor is the world's fourth-largest lizard!

Nile Perch

Nile perch will sometimes eat those within its own species

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Northern Pintail

Northern pintails migrate at night with speeds reaching 48 miles per hour!

Olive Baboon

Olive baboons will sometimes form strong friendships with each other

Orange Dream Ball Python

The "Orange Dream" name came from the idea that the morph would make its first breeder a million dollars.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


Males oribis spend most of their time patrolling the borders of their territories; they can do this about 16 times an hour! However, 27% of their day is spent grazing.

Ortolan Bunting

The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.


They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees

Panda Pied Ball Python

The panda pied ball python morph is a combination of the piebald and black pastel traits.


Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell


Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.


Can live for up to 100 years!

Patas Monkey

The fastest species of primate in the world!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pompano Fish

They are bottom-feeders

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.

Puff Adder

This large snake is so-named because it will puff up its body to appear bigger than it is when directly threatened by a predator or person.


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 300 different species!

Rainbow Kribs (Kribensis)

Rainbow Kribs sometimes nip the fins of other fish, especially ones with long, flowing tails, which is too tempting for them not to bite.


Omnivores that eat anything!

Red-Billed Quelea Bird

Is the most populous bird in the world


They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs


It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rock Hyrax

Actually related to Elephants and Manatees!

Rock Python

Rock pythons may have crossbred with the escaped Burmese pythons in Florida.


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


Will mate with the entire flock!

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Saturniidae Moth

Some of the largest moths in the world

Savannah Monitor

Savannah monitors are one of the most popular lizards in captivity.

Scaleless Ball Python

Aside from the ocular scales covering each of its eyes, the scaleless ball python's body is completely smooth.


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Senegal Parrot

As a pet, the Senegal parrot is capable of "talking" to its owner


Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 4,000 known species worldwide


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Spitting Cobra

Spitting cobras are types of cobras that can spit venom at predators and prey.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stiletto Snake

Because of their unique venom delivery system, stiletto snakes are almost impossible to hold safely in the usual way (with fingers behind the head) without being bitten.


They can’t sing like other birds.

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.

Sulcata Tortoise

Some cultures in Africa believe the sulcata tortoise is an intermediary between the people and their ancestors and gods.

Sunset Ball Python

Sunset ball pythons are bred with several other morphs to get designer colors.


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thornback Ray

The skate with the biggest spines!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Cricket

They make music with their wings

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Tsetse Fly

Tsetse flies are large biting flies that live in the tropical regions of Africa.


Their name means “banana-eater,” but they rarely ever eat bananas.


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted


Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most


There are 30 different species worldwide!


Has two sets of tusks on it's face!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball


There are 200 different species!


Doesn’t have eyes.


They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.

Yellow Belly Ball Python

The yellow belly gene is co-dominant and doesn't completely override other genes.


Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!


There are around 75 different species!


The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!


The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!

Nigerian Animals List

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About the Author

Growing up in rural New England on a small scale farm gave me a lifelong passion for animals. I love learning about new wild animal species, habitats, animal evolutions, dogs, cats, and more. I've always been surrounded by pets and believe the best dog and best cat products are important to keeping our animals happy and healthy. It's my mission to help you learn more about wild animals, and how to care for your pets better with carefully reviewed products.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Are There Tigers in Nigeria?

No, there are no tigers in Nigeria. There have never been any tigers in Nigeria.

What is the most common animal in Nigeria?

The most common animal in Nigeria is domestic dogs. Domestic dogs who are native to Nigeria are called local dogs. Those that people have imported into the country are called foreign dogs. Some of the most common breeds in Nigeria include Rottweilers, German shepherds, Boerboels, and Caucasian shepherds. Often, those who are looking for a smaller domestic dog get a Lhasa apso.

What animals live in Nigeria?

Over 44,000 different types of animals live in Nigeria. Of those, about 50% are insects. Mammals, including great apes, hippopotamuses, and West African wild dogs are all found there. There are plenty of mammals to see, but many live in remote areas.

Are there lions in Nigeria?

While you could find lions across Northern Nigeria in the past, they have lost over 90% of their territory. Today, they live in Kainji Lake National Park and the Yankari Game Reserve. The decline in the number of natural prey by poaching is the primary cause. Agricultural expansion has also led more farmers to shoot or poison lions. There may be less than 100 lions between the two populations. Important work is going on there to try to protect these prides.