Animals in Ethiopia

Below you can find a complete list of Ethiopian animals. We currently track 169 animals in Ethiopia and are adding more every day!

Ethiopia is home to some of the most unique wildlife in Africa, including 10 species that can only be found within its borders. While the famous baboon can be found in both Africa and Asia, the lesser-known Gelada is baboon-sized wild animals commonly found in the Semien Mountains of Ethiopia. These wild animals are considered to be some of the least dangerous wildlife in their order. The last surviving Walia Ibex goats also call this mountain range home. The Ethiopian Wolf, or red fox, is the rarest canid on earth and happens to be Africa’s most endangered carnivore.

The Bale Mountain Vervet is a small monkey that can be found in the bamboo forests of the Bale Mountains, indicated by its informal classification. The Mountain Nyala and Menelik’s Bushbuck are both antelopes that are closely related, perhaps explaining why they are also both endemic to the Bale Mountains of Ethiopia, where dense forests can be found along the southern slopes.

Swayne’s Hartebeest is also antelope, though this species prefers grassland habitats during both the wet and dry seasons. While they used to be found in Somalia, they underwent local extinction, or extirpation, there. These animals are famous for being named after the British officer that discovered them. Somali Wild Ass, which was endemic to multiple African countries before becoming an endangered animal, now has fewer than 600 individuals living in the wild.

With a bright green body and yellow head, the Yellow-Fronted Parrot is a spectacularly unique bird found only in Ethiopia. Named for its characteristic dark tresses, the Black-Maned Lion varies genetically when compared to all other African Lions.

The Official National Animal Of Ethiopia

The official national animal of Ethiopia is the lion. This national animal is highly endangered, however, and conservationists are fighting to stabilize their populations and secure their habitats.

These wild animals are found in grassland and savanna biomes, where lions can roam freely near watering holes, seasonal rivers, and prey. This diet consists of zebras, gazelles, buffaloes, and antelopes that roam nearby.
There are estimated to be a remaining 1700 or fewer lions in Ethiopia today, a far cry from the once burgeoning lion population of the past.

Where to Find The Top Wild Animals In Ethiopia

Ethiopian Wolf – If you are lucky enough to visit the Sanetti Plateau in Bale Mountains National Park, you’ll spot the world’s rarest wolf. At fewer than 500 left in the wild, almost all of them live on this specific plateau.

Black-Maned Lion – Another tenant of the Bale Mountains National Park, these ferociously enthralling animals have been spotted frequently in the Harenna Forest sector of the park.

Gelada – Curious to see how these primates compare to baboons up close? You’ll only find them in the Simien Mountains, so be sure to prepare for a bit of a hike to see these incredible creatures.

Flamingos – While not exclusively Ethiopian like most of the animals discussed here, flamingos are a popular family of birds that can be found wading on the shores of Lake Chitu and Lake Shalla located in the Rift Valley.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Ethiopia Today

Lions might be the national animal of Ethiopia, but they are also famous for being one of the most dangerous, reportedly killing around 250 people per year across the continent. It should be noted that this is still a relatively uncommon occurrence, and it is believed that only sick or elderly lions turn to humans when they are unable to hunt their natural prey.

White and Black Rhinos are another contender for Ethiopia’s most dangerous animal. The Black Rhino is traditionally considered more aggressive of the two, though both charge when threatened.

Endangered Animals in Ethiopia

The Ethiopian Wolf is not only the most endangered carnivore in Africa, with fewer than 440 individuals remaining, it is endemic to the country’s highlands, restricted to just seven isolated enclaves in the region. As Africa’s only wolf species, the impending threat of extinction is grave.

The Somali Wild Ass is one of the most endangered mammals not just in Ethiopia or all of Africa, but on earth.
Not only are the unique antelopes, known as Swayne’s Hartebeest, found solely in Ethiopia, but they are also said to be ‘in imminent danger of extinction.”

Many of the most dangerous animals happen to be the most endangered, as well.

The Black Rhino and Lion commonly fall victim to severe cases of poaching. The African Bush Elephant is the largest living animal on land with a similar lifespan to humans at around 70 years. Poaching continues to be the largest threat to these animals, as the ivory trade ignores the laws and other international efforts toward regulation. Habitat loss is another major threat to this species. Though humans have been known to be trampled by male elephants who become particularly aggressive in musth, a normal periodic rise in reproductive hormones, these occurrences are exponentially less than those of humans killing elephants. There are many other endangered species in the country, which can be found here.

Ethiopian Animals


Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!


The oldest breed of cat in the world!

African Bush Elephant

Can drink up to 50 gallons a day

African Civet

Secretes up to 4g of musk every week!

African Clawed Frog

A particularly ferocious amphibian!

African Wild Dog

Also known as the painted dog!

American Cockroach

Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Renew their horns every year!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Can travel more than four miles a day!

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.


There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are more than 350,000 different species


The bichir species is more than 400 million years old


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!


Has no real natural predators!


The most common species of bee!

Bush Baby

In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!


Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


There are more than 160 different species!


The fastest land mammal in the world!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


There are more than 2 000 known species!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Have changed little in 200 million years!

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.


A dik-dik is named after a sound it makes when it is frightened


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


There are nearly 2,000 different species!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Elephant Shrew

Found exclusively on the African continent!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Sleeps on just one leg!


There are more than 240,000 different species!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Bat

Among the largest bats in the world


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!


Originally known as the Desert Rat!


Long, black tongue can grow to 18 inches long!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Guinea Fowl

Found in a vairety of African habitats!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!


Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!

Honey Badger

One of earth's bravest creatures!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are four different species!


Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


Lives in herds of up to 24 individuals!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Spends much of the time high in the trees!

Leopard Tortoise

The most widely distributed tortoise in Africa!


The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!


Lives in small groups called prides!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marabou Stork

The marabou stork does not have a voice box.


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!


Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!


There are around 260 known species!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Naked Mole Rat

Naked mole rats don’t get cancer


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

Nile Crocodile

When a female Nile crocodile’s hatchlings are in danger, she may hide them in a special pouch inside her throat.

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


The largest bird in the world!


There are 13 different species worldwide


Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.


Can live for up to 100 years!

Patas Monkey

The fastest species of primate in the world!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!


Omnivores that eat anything!


It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rock Hyrax

Actually related to Elephants and Manatees!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.

Sulcata Tortoise

Some cultures in Africa believe the sulcata tortoise is an intermediary between the people and their ancestors and gods.


Populations have been affected by pollution!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Tsetse Fly

Tsetse flies are large biting flies that live in the tropical regions of Africa.


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted


There are 30 different species worldwide!


Has two sets of tusks on it's face!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!


Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!


There are around 75 different species!


The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!


The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!

Ethiopian Animals List

Animals in Ethiopia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What kind of animals live in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including 22,000 species of butterflies and moths, over 800 bird species, and about 320 species of mammals. This is along with the 10 animals mentioned above that can only be found in Ethiopia.

Are there lions in Ethiopia?

Yes, in fact, lions are the national animal of Ethiopia!

Are there elephants in Ethiopia?

There are elephants in Ethiopia, with a unique subspecies in Babille Elephant Sanctuary.

What animals are disappearing in Ethiopia?

The list of endangered animals in Ethiopia is a long one. It includes African Elephants, African Lions, the African Spurred Tortoise, African Wild Ass, African Wild Dog, African White-Backed Vulture, Bale Monkey, Bale Mountains Frog, Bale Shrew, and more.