Animals in Ethiopia

Below you can find a complete list of Ethiopian animals. We currently track 150 animals in Ethiopia and are adding more every day!

Ethiopia is home to some of the most unique wildlife in Africa, including 10 species that can only be found within its borders. While the famous baboon can be found in both Africa and Asia, the lesser-known Gelada is baboon-sized wild animals commonly found in the Semien Mountains of Ethiopia. These wild animals are considered to be some of the least dangerous wildlife in their order. The last surviving Walia Ibex goats also call this mountain range home. The Ethiopian Wolf, or red fox, is the rarest canid on earth and happens to be Africa’s most endangered carnivore.

The Bale Mountain Vervet is a small monkey that can be found in the bamboo forests of the Bale Mountains, indicated by its informal classification. The Mountain Nyala and Menelik’s Bushbuck are both antelopes that are closely related, perhaps explaining why they are also both endemic to the Bale Mountains of Ethiopia, where dense forests can be found along the southern slopes.

Swayne’s Hartebeest is also antelope, though this species prefers grassland habitats during both the wet and dry seasons. While they used to be found in Somalia, they underwent local extinction, or extirpation, there. These animals are famous for being named after the British officer that discovered them. Somali Wild Ass, which was endemic to multiple African countries before becoming an endangered animal, now has fewer than 600 individuals living in the wild.

With a bright green body and yellow head, the Yellow-Fronted Parrot is a spectacularly unique bird found only in Ethiopia. Named for its characteristic dark tresses, the Black-Maned Lion varies genetically when compared to all other African Lions.

The Official National Animal Of Ethiopia

The official national animal of Ethiopia is the lion. This national animal is highly endangered, however, and conservationists are fighting to stabilize their populations and secure their habitats.

These wild animals are found in grassland and savanna biomes, where lions can roam freely near watering holes, seasonal rivers, and prey. This diet consists of zebras, gazelles, buffaloes, and antelopes that roam nearby.
There are estimated to be a remaining 1700 or fewer lions in Ethiopia today, a far cry from the once burgeoning lion population of the past.

Where to Find The Top Wild Animals In Ethiopia

Ethiopian Wolf – If you are lucky enough to visit the Sanetti Plateau in Bale Mountains National Park, you’ll spot the world’s rarest wolf. At fewer than 500 left in the wild, almost all of them live on this specific plateau.

Black-Maned Lion – Another tenant of the Bale Mountains National Park, these ferociously enthralling animals have been spotted frequently in the Harenna Forest sector of the park.

Gelada – Curious to see how these primates compare to baboons up close? You’ll only find them in the Simien Mountains, so be sure to prepare for a bit of a hike to see these incredible creatures.

Flamingos – While not exclusively Ethiopian like most of the animals discussed here, flamingos are a popular family of birds that can be found wading on the shores of Lake Chitu and Lake Shalla located in the Rift Valley.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Ethiopia Today

Lions might be the national animal of Ethiopia, but they are also famous for being one of the most dangerous, reportedly killing around 250 people per year across the continent. It should be noted that this is still a relatively uncommon occurrence, and it is believed that only sick or elderly lions turn to humans when they are unable to hunt their natural prey.

White and Black Rhinos are another contender for Ethiopia’s most dangerous animal. The Black Rhino is traditionally considered more aggressive of the two, though both charge when threatened.

Endangered Animals in Ethiopia

The Ethiopian Wolf is not only the most endangered carnivore in Africa, with fewer than 440 individuals remaining, it is endemic to the country’s highlands, restricted to just seven isolated enclaves in the region. As Africa’s only wolf species, the impending threat of extinction is grave.

The Somali Wild Ass is one of the most endangered mammals not just in Ethiopia or all of Africa, but on earth.
Not only are the unique antelopes, known as Swayne’s Hartebeest, found solely in Ethiopia, but they are also said to be ‘in imminent danger of extinction.”

Many of the most dangerous animals happen to be the most endangered, as well.

The Black Rhino and Lion commonly fall victim to severe cases of poaching. The African Bush Elephant is the largest living animal on land with a similar lifespan to humans at around 70 years. Poaching continues to be the largest threat to these animals, as the ivory trade ignores the laws and other international efforts toward regulation. Habitat loss is another major threat to this species. Though humans have been known to be trampled by male elephants who become particularly aggressive in musth, a normal periodic rise in reproductive hormones, these occurrences are exponentially less than those of humans killing elephants. There are many other endangered species in the country, which can be found here.

Ethiopian Animals

Aardvark

Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!

Abyssinian

The oldest breed of cat in the world!

African Bush Elephant

Can drink up to 50 gallons a day

African Civet

Secretes up to 4g of musk every week!

African Clawed Frog

A particularly ferocious amphibian!

African Wild Dog

Also known as the painted dog!

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Baboon

Can travel more than four miles a day!

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bichir

The bichir species is more than 400 million years old

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Buffalo

Has no real natural predators!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Bush Baby

In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Caracal

Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chameleon

There are more than 160 different species!

Cheetah

The fastest land mammal in the world!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cichlid

There are more than 2 000 known species!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Elephant Shrew

Found exclusively on the African continent!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Flamingo

Sleeps on just one leg!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Bat

Among the largest bats in the world

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Giraffe

Long, black tongue can grow to 18 inches long!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Guinea Fowl

Found in a vairety of African habitats!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Hippopotamus

Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!

Honey Badger

One of earth's bravest creatures!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Hyena

There are four different species!

Ibex

Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Kudu

Lives in herds of up to 24 individuals!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leopard

Spends much of the time high in the trees!

Leopard Tortoise

The most widely distributed tortoise in Africa!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lion

Lives in small groups called prides!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marabou Stork

The marabou stork does not have a voice box.

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Naked Mole Rat

Naked mole rats don’t get cancer

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

Nile Crocodile

When a female Nile crocodile’s hatchlings are in danger, she may hide them in a special pouch inside her throat.

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Ostrich

The largest bird in the world!

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Patas Monkey

The fastest species of primate in the world!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rock Hyrax

Actually related to Elephants and Manatees!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Serval

Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.

Sulcata Tortoise

Some cultures in Africa believe the sulcata tortoise is an intermediary between the people and their ancestors and gods.

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Tsetse Fly

Tsetse flies are large biting flies that live in the tropical regions of Africa.

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Warthog

Has two sets of tusks on it's face!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Zebra

Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Zonkey

The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!

Zorse

The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!

Ethiopian Animals List

Animals in Ethiopia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What kind of animals live in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including 22,000 species of butterflies and moths, over 800 bird species, and about 320 species of mammals. This is along with the 10 animals mentioned above that can only be found in Ethiopia.

Are there lions in Ethiopia?

Yes, in fact, lions are the national animal of Ethiopia!

Are there elephants in Ethiopia?

There are elephants in Ethiopia, with a unique subspecies in Babille Elephant Sanctuary.

What animals are disappearing in Ethiopia?

The list of endangered animals in Ethiopia is a long one. It includes African Elephants, African Lions, the African Spurred Tortoise, African Wild Ass, African Wild Dog, African White-Backed Vulture, Bale Monkey, Bale Mountains Frog, Bale Shrew, and more.