Below you can find a complete list of Ethiopian animals. We currently track 248 animals in Ethiopia and are adding more every day!
Ethiopia is home to some of the most unique wildlife in Africa, including 10 species that can only be found within its borders. While the famous baboon can be found in both Africa and Asia, the lesser-known Gelada is baboon-sized wild animals commonly found in the Semien Mountains of Ethiopia. These wild animals are considered to be some of the least dangerous wildlife in their order. The last surviving Walia Ibex goats also call this mountain range home. The Ethiopian Wolf, or red fox, is the rarest canid on earth and happens to be Africa’s most endangered carnivore.
The Bale Mountain Vervet is a small monkey that can be found in the bamboo forests of the Bale Mountains, indicated by its informal classification. The Mountain Nyala and Menelik’s Bushbuck are both antelopes that are closely related, perhaps explaining why they are also both endemic to the Bale Mountains of Ethiopia, where dense forests can be found along the southern slopes.
Swayne’s Hartebeest is also antelope, though this species prefers grassland habitats during both the wet and dry seasons. While they used to be found in Somalia, they underwent local extinction, or extirpation, there. These animals are famous for being named after the British officer that discovered them. Somali Wild Ass, which was endemic to multiple African countries before becoming an endangered animal, now has fewer than 600 individuals living in the wild.
With a bright green body and yellow head, the Yellow-Fronted Parrot is a spectacularly unique bird found only in Ethiopia. Named for its characteristic dark tresses, the Black-Maned Lion varies genetically when compared to all other African Lions.
The Official National Animal Of Ethiopia
The official national animal of Ethiopia is the lion. This national animal is highly endangered, however, and conservationists are fighting to stabilize their populations and secure their habitats.
These wild animals are found in grassland and savanna biomes, where lions can roam freely near watering holes, seasonal rivers, and prey. This diet consists of zebras, gazelles, buffaloes, and antelopes that roam nearby.
There are estimated to be a remaining 1700 or fewer lions in Ethiopia today, a far cry from the once burgeoning lion population of the past.
Where to Find The Top Wild Animals In Ethiopia
Ethiopian Wolf – If you are lucky enough to visit the Sanetti Plateau in Bale Mountains National Park, you’ll spot the world’s rarest wolf. At fewer than 500 left in the wild, almost all of them live on this specific plateau.
Black-Maned Lion – Another tenant of the Bale Mountains National Park, these ferociously enthralling animals have been spotted frequently in the Harenna Forest sector of the park.
Gelada – Curious to see how these primates compare to baboons up close? You’ll only find them in the Simien Mountains, so be sure to prepare for a bit of a hike to see these incredible creatures.
Flamingos – While not exclusively Ethiopian like most of the animals discussed here, flamingos are a popular family of birds that can be found wading on the shores of Lake Chitu and Lake Shalla located in the Rift Valley.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Ethiopia Today
Lions might be the national animal of Ethiopia, but they are also famous for being one of the most dangerous, reportedly killing around 250 people per year across the continent. It should be noted that this is still a relatively uncommon occurrence, and it is believed that only sick or elderly lions turn to humans when they are unable to hunt their natural prey.
White and Black Rhinos are another contender for Ethiopia’s most dangerous animal. The Black Rhino is traditionally considered more aggressive of the two, though both charge when threatened.
Endangered Animals in Ethiopia
The Ethiopian Wolf is not only the most endangered carnivore in Africa, with fewer than 440 individuals remaining, it is endemic to the country’s highlands, restricted to just seven isolated enclaves in the region. As Africa’s only wolf species, the impending threat of extinction is grave.
The Somali Wild Ass is one of the most endangered mammals not just in Ethiopia or all of Africa, but on earth.
Not only are the unique antelopes, known as Swayne’s Hartebeest, found solely in Ethiopia, but they are also said to be ‘in imminent danger of extinction.”
Many of the most dangerous animals happen to be the most endangered, as well.
The Black Rhino and Lion commonly fall victim to severe cases of poaching. The African Bush Elephant is the largest living animal on land with a similar lifespan to humans at around 70 years. Poaching continues to be the largest threat to these animals, as the ivory trade ignores the laws and other international efforts toward regulation. Habitat loss is another major threat to this species. Though humans have been known to be trampled by male elephants who become particularly aggressive in musth, a normal periodic rise in reproductive hormones, these occurrences are exponentially less than those of humans killing elephants. There are many other endangered species in the country, which can be found here.
Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!
The aardwolf has five toes on its front paws
The oldest breed of cat in the world!
Can drink up to 50 gallons a day
Secretes up to 4g of musk every week!
African fish eagles belong to the genus of sea eagles
The males raise the young
Also known as the painted dog!
The agama forms small social groups that contain both dominant and subordinate males.
Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Renew their horns every year!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Can travel more than four miles a day!
People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.
There are over 1768 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
Bat-eared foxes can run up to 35 MPH!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
The bichir species is more than 400 million years old
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
Black mambas are the longest venomous snake in Africa, and second longest in the world.
They typically prey on insects!
The blind snake is often mistaken for a worm.
Females glue egg cases to furniture
Can live its entire life indoors
Has no real natural predators!
The most common species of bee!
In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin
Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
The Carpet Viper probably bites and kills more people than any other species of snake.
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
There are more than 160 different species!
The fastest land mammal in the world!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
There are more than 2 000 known species!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
Have changed little in 200 million years!
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.
A dik-dik is named after a sound it makes when it is frightened
The only species currently recognized of this ancient baboon is Dinopithecus ingens.
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
The Egyptian cobra is one of the largest cobras in Africa.
A duck species that resembles a goose when flying
They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.
Both females and males have horns.
The electric catfish can discharge an electric shock up to 450 volts
Spends around 22 hours a day eating!
Found exclusively on the African continent!
The fastest creatures on the planet!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
There are 12 different species in the world!
There are around 7,000 different species!
Among the largest bats in the world
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
They build a ramp from their nest, which leads to a nearby water source
Named for the Arabic word for love poems
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Originally known as the Desert Rat!
The most common type of urban roach
Long, black tongue can grow to 18 inches long!
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 11,000 known species!
Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away
Found in a vairety of African habitats!
One of the most invasive species in the world
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!
One of earth's bravest creatures!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are four different species!
Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
A popular pet snake that comes in dozens of morphs!
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
Klipspringers can jump as high as 10-12ft!
It's easily identified by its crest, large size, and wingspan
Lives in herds of up to 24 individuals!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Lappet-faced vultures are tidy and wash their heads in a body of water after they’ve eaten
Spends much of the time high in the trees!
The most widely distributed tortoise in Africa!
The lesser jacana is nomadic, often moving in search of temporary wetland habitats.
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
Lives in small groups called prides!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Will only live in wet areas
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
The marabou stork does not have a voice box.
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Naked mole rats don’t get cancer
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
When a female Nile crocodile’s hatchlings are in danger, she may hide them in a special pouch inside her throat.
There are more than 5,000 species.
Olive baboons will sometimes form strong friendships with each other
Females are about four times the size of males
The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
The largest bird in the world!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.
Can live for up to 100 years!
The fastest species of primate in the world!
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
This large snake is so-named because it will puff up its body to appear bigger than it is when directly threatened by a predator or person.
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 50 different species!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Is the most populous bird in the world
Scientists believe that the red spitting cobra evolved from injecting venom to spitting it in response to the constant threat of early humans
They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs
It's horns are made from keratin!
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
Actually related to Elephants and Manatees!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Will mate with the entire flock!
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
Some of the largest moths in the world
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 3,000 known species worldwide
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Spitting cobras are types of cobras that can spit venom at predators and prey.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Because of their unique venom delivery system, stiletto snakes are almost impossible to hold safely in the usual way (with fingers behind the head) without being bitten.
They can’t sing like other birds.
The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.
Some cultures in Africa believe the sulcata tortoise is an intermediary between the people and their ancestors and gods.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Tsetse flies are large biting flies that live in the tropical regions of Africa.
Their name means “banana-eater,” but they rarely ever eat bananas.
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Has two sets of tusks on it's face!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.
Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!
There are around 75 different species!
The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!
The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!
Ethiopian Animals List
Animals in Ethiopia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What kind of animals live in Ethiopia?
Ethiopia is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including 22,000 species of butterflies and moths, over 800 bird species, and about 320 species of mammals. This is along with the 10 animals mentioned above that can only be found in Ethiopia.
Are there lions in Ethiopia?
Yes, in fact, lions are the national animal of Ethiopia!
Are there elephants in Ethiopia?
There are elephants in Ethiopia, with a unique subspecies in Babille Elephant Sanctuary.
What animals are disappearing in Ethiopia?
The list of endangered animals in Ethiopia is a long one. It includes African Elephants, African Lions, the African Spurred Tortoise, African Wild Ass, African Wild Dog, African White-Backed Vulture, Bale Monkey, Bale Mountains Frog, Bale Shrew, and more.