On the western coast of Africa, Senegal has a tropical climate, three major rivers, and dry grassland. This mixed environment is the perfect habitat for animals native to this region, which include the great white pelican, flamingo, zebra, giraffe, leopard, and banded white mongoose.
National Animal of Senegal
The lion is the national animal of this country. A lion appears on the Senegalese flag, and the national football team is named the Lions. Sadly, lions are among Senegal’s most endangered animals. Most of Senegal’s few remaining lions live at the 3500-acre Niokolo-Koba National Park.
Where To Find The Top Wildlife in Senegal
Most animals here live in one of the country’s six major national parks. Niokolo-Koba National Park is home to many Senegalese animals, including the Senegal hartebeest, green monkey, Guinean gerbil, and the Senegal one-striped grass mouse.
Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary is a protected nesting site for many exotic birds, including the marbled duck, black-crowned crane, Sudan golden sparrow, and red-throated bee-eater.
The Most Dangerous Animals In this country
Hippopotamus: Hippos are the deadliest land animal in Africa. They kill more people in Senegal than lions or crocodiles. Under Senegalese law, it is illegal to kill one except in self-defense.
Mosquito: This tiny, deadly insect is one of the most dangerous animals in this country. Mosquito-born malaria is one of the top 10 causes of death in Senegal.
Endangered and Extinct Animals in Senegal
Senegal’s endangered animals include the dama gazelle. At one time, huge herds of dama gazelles roamed the grasslands. Loss of habitat, hunting, and predators have reduced their population to a few hundred.
Extinct animals in this country include the scimitar-horned oryx, which is extinct in the wild but currently breeding in captivity.
Senegal is home to many rare, exotic animals. Efforts to protect Senegalese animals have created several national parks, and these are the best places to see the animals of this country.
Below you can find a complete list of Senegalese animals. We currently track 139 animals in Senegal and are adding more every day!
Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!
Secretes up to 4g of musk every week!
Solitary but gathers in groups!
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Renew their horns every year!
There are over 2,000 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Detects prey using echolocation!
There are more than 350,000 different species
The bichir species is more than 400 million years old
Not all birds are able to fly!
They typically prey on insects!
Long and heavy spiralled horns!
The most common species of bee!
In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.
There are thought to be up 20,000 species!
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
There are more than 160 different species!
The fastest land mammal in the world!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
There are more than 2 000 known species!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
The most common raptor in the UK!
There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Have changed little in 200 million years!
Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Spends around 22 hours a day eating!
Found exclusively on the African continent!
The fastest creatures on the planet!
There are more than 240,000 different species!
There are 12 different species in the world!
There are around 7,000 different species!
Among the largest bats in the world
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Originally known as the Desert Rat!
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Most closely related to the Sheep!
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 11,000 known species!
Found in a vairety of African habitats!
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!
One of earth's bravest creatures!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are four different species!
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
There are an estimated 30 million species!
Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!
Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Spends much of the time high in the trees!
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
When a female Nile crocodile’s hatchlings are in danger, she may hide them in a special pouch inside her throat.
There are more than 5,000 species.
There are 13 different species worldwide
Can live for up to 100 years!
The fastest species of primate in the world!
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 50 different species!
Omnivores that eat anything!
It's horns are made from keratin!
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
Actually related to Elephants and Manatees!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
There are around 2,000 known species!
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
As a pet, the Senegal parrot is capable of "talking" to its owner
Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 3,000 known species worldwide
There are 140 different species!
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.
Some cultures in Africa believe the sulcata tortoise is an intermediary between the people and their ancestors and gods.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Tsetse flies are large biting flies that live in the tropical regions of Africa.
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Has two sets of tusks on it's face!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
Actually a crustacean, not an insect!
There are 200 different species!
Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!
There are around 75 different species!
The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!
The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!
Senegalese Animals List