Below you can find a complete list of Mozambican animals. We currently track 168 animals in Mozambique and are adding more every day!
Mozambique is home to a large collection of unique wildlife. Some examples include zebras, crocodiles, hippos, pelicans, impala, common wildebeest, lions, and African wild dogs just to name a few. The African elephant is one of many popular animals to observe in this country.
Mozambique is a country of possibilities. At one time, the population of the African elephant fell so low, they were in terrible danger of becoming extinct. Now, their population is slowly recovering. At the same time, scientists continue to discover new species of animals in the forests of Mozambique. In the last ten years, several new species of butterfly have been discovered deep in the forests as well as a number of snakes.
The Official National Animal of Mozambique
The official national animal of Mozambique is the African elephant. African elephants symbolize the strength and resilient spirit of this country. They live in Mozambique as well as 36 other countries in Africa. They are the biggest walking animals on the globe!
The African elephant itself is a resilient mammal. Its population has decreased over the decades due to poaching. Poachers killed these elephants for their ivory tusks in order to sell this material so people could make jewelry, dishes, and more. Their population has suffered from habitat loss as well. Not surprisingly, they faced the possibility of becoming extinct. However, this incredible animal continues to survive despite its history of challenges. Though its conservation status is Endangered, these elephants receive protection today in various national parks and nature preserves in Mozambique.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Mozambique
Every country has animals that are non-threatening and animals that are more aggressive. The most dangerous animals in Mozambique include:
- Mozambique Spitting Cobra – This venomous snake inflicts the majority of the 1.5 million snake bites that occur in sub-Saharan Africa each year. These snakes can spit up to 8 feet and have accurate aim! Its venom can be deadly to a human depending on how much the person receives. But even a small amount of this snake’s venom can cause pain, swelling, and blindness if a person is hit in the eyes. As a note, this unusual animal will try to hide or escape before resorting to using its venom.
- Lion – Since 2000, there are an estimated 100 lion attacks each year and around 70 of those attacks proved fatal. Lions are experiencing habitat loss, so they are encountering humans more today than in the past. These animals are powerful, fast, and are able to blend well into their environment.
- Hippopotamus – Hippos cause approximately 3,000 human deaths each year. They hold the title of the most dangerous animal in all of Africa. These popular animals have a reputation for being cute and slow-moving. But they are unpredictable and will attack if they think a human is invading their territory. The sheer size of these mammals along with their long, spike-like teeth and powerful jaws can prove deadly to an unsuspecting human.
- Crocodile – In 2018, there were 30 humans killed by crocodiles in Mozambique. These are dangerous animals due to the fact that they can swim silently and blend into their environment. They have strong jaws and are very fast. People who are fishing or collecting water for their households sometimes fall victim to this reptile.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Mozambique
- African Elephant – These elephants live in savannahs and in dry woodlands. They can be seen in Banhine National Park and in Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique.
- Zebra – Treeless grasslands and savanna woodlands are the habitats of zebras. Gorongosa National Park and Limpopo National Park are two places to see zebra in this country.
- African Buffalo – The habitat of African buffalo includes lowland rainforests and savannas. These unusual animals must live close to water. Chimanimani National Park and Gorongosa National Park are both home to African buffalo.
- Impala – Impala live on savannas and woodlands where they can eat grass most of the day. Zinave National Park is one place to see impala in this country.
- African Fish Eagle – This popular animal lives on grasslands as well as near swamps and marshes. It’s just one spectacular bird among many living in Gorongosa National Park.
- African Wild Dog – African wild dogs live on the open plains and woodlands of Mozambique. Quirimbas National Park is home to African wild dogs as well as other unusual wildlife.
Endangered Animals in Mozambique
Unfortunately, there are some endangered animals among all of the unique wildlife living in Mozambique. Loss of habitat and poaching are two reasons why some of these animals have this conservation status. Also, the civil war that took place in Mozambique a few decades ago has had a lasting effect on many animal populations. Some of the endangered animals in Mozambique include:
- African Wild Dogs
- Southeastern Black Rhino (Critically Endangered)
- Vincent’s Bush Squirrel
- African Penguin
- Blue Whale
Mozambican Animals List
- African Bullfrog
- African Bush Elephant
- African Civet
- African Clawed Frog
- African Palm Civet
- African Wild Dog
- American Cockroach
- Banana Spider
- Barn Owl
- Barn Swallow
- Black Rhinoceros
- Black Widow Spider
- Brown Hyena
- Bush Baby
- Carpenter Ant
- Common Buzzard
- Common House Spider
- Crab Spider
- Dung Beetle
- Elephant Shrew
- False Widow Spider
- Fiddler Crab
- Fruit Bat
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Guinea Fowl
- Honey Badger
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Leopard Tortoise
- Marabou Stork
- Monitor Lizard
- Nile Crocodile
- No See Ums
- Orb Weaver
- Peregrine Falcon
- River Turtle
- Skink Lizard
- Spider Wasp
- Stick Insect
- Tarantula Hawk
- Tiger Beetle
- Tree Frog
- Tsetse Fly
- Vervet Monkey
- Water Buffalo
- White Rhinoceros
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Mozambique FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Mozambique?
Some of the most amazing and unusual animals live in Mozambique. Some of the most notable members of Mozambique wildlife include African elephants, lions, African wild dogs, dolphins, hippos, zebras, ostriches, sea turtles, impala, and crocodiles. Don’t forget the Mozambique spitting cobra!
What is the national animal of Mozambique?
The national animal of Mozambique is the African elephant. These unusual animals perfectly symbolize resilience. Their population is slowly recovering from almost becoming extinct.
Are there monkeys in Mozambique?
Are there lions in Mozambique?
Yes, lions live in Mozambique. Gorongosa National Park is just one of the places where these unique animals live in a protected environment.