Animals in Mozambique



Below you can find a complete list of Mozambican animals. We currently track 168 animals in Mozambique and are adding more every day!

Mozambique is home to a large collection of unique wildlife. Some examples include zebras, crocodiles, hippos, pelicans, impala, common wildebeest, lions, and African wild dogs just to name a few. The African elephant is one of many popular animals to observe in this country.

Mozambique is a country of possibilities. At one time, the population of the African elephant fell so low, they were in terrible danger of becoming extinct. Now, their population is slowly recovering. At the same time, scientists continue to discover new species of animals in the forests of Mozambique. In the last ten years, several new species of butterfly have been discovered deep in the forests as well as a number of snakes.

When it comes to the various types of unique wildlife in Mozambique there are 740 species of bird, 236 mammal species, more than 225 reptile species, 90 amphibian species, and 1450 species of fish!

The Official National Animal of Mozambique

The official national animal of Mozambique is the African elephant. African elephants symbolize the strength and resilient spirit of this country. They live in Mozambique as well as 36 other countries in Africa. They are the biggest walking animals on the globe!

The African elephant itself is a resilient mammal. Its population has decreased over the decades due to poaching. Poachers killed these elephants for their ivory tusks in order to sell this material so people could make jewelry, dishes, and more. Their population has suffered from habitat loss as well. Not surprisingly, they faced the possibility of becoming extinct. However, this incredible animal continues to survive despite its history of challenges. Though its conservation status is Endangered, these elephants receive protection today in various national parks and nature preserves in Mozambique.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Mozambique

Every country has animals that are non-threatening and animals that are more aggressive. The most dangerous animals in Mozambique include:

  • Mozambique Spitting Cobra – This venomous snake inflicts the majority of the 1.5 million snake bites that occur in sub-Saharan Africa each year. These snakes can spit up to 8 feet and have accurate aim! Its venom can be deadly to a human depending on how much the person receives. But even a small amount of this snake’s venom can cause pain, swelling, and blindness if a person is hit in the eyes. As a note, this unusual animal will try to hide or escape before resorting to using its venom.
  • Lion – Since 2000, there are an estimated 100 lion attacks each year and around 70 of those attacks proved fatal. Lions are experiencing habitat loss, so they are encountering humans more today than in the past. These animals are powerful, fast, and are able to blend well into their environment.
  • Hippopotamus – Hippos cause approximately 3,000 human deaths each year. They hold the title of the most dangerous animal in all of Africa. These popular animals have a reputation for being cute and slow-moving. But they are unpredictable and will attack if they think a human is invading their territory. The sheer size of these mammals along with their long, spike-like teeth and powerful jaws can prove deadly to an unsuspecting human.
  • Crocodile – In 2018, there were 30 humans killed by crocodiles in Mozambique. These are dangerous animals due to the fact that they can swim silently and blend into their environment. They have strong jaws and are very fast. People who are fishing or collecting water for their households sometimes fall victim to this reptile.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Mozambique

  • African Elephant – These elephants live in savannahs and in dry woodlands. They can be seen in Banhine National Park and in Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique.
  • Zebra – Treeless grasslands and savanna woodlands are the habitats of zebras. Gorongosa National Park and Limpopo National Park are two places to see zebra in this country.
  • African Buffalo – The habitat of African buffalo includes lowland rainforests and savannas. These unusual animals must live close to water. Chimanimani National Park and Gorongosa National Park are both home to African buffalo.
  • Impala – Impala live on savannas and woodlands where they can eat grass most of the day. Zinave National Park is one place to see impala in this country.
  • African Fish Eagle – This popular animal lives on grasslands as well as near swamps and marshes. It’s just one spectacular bird among many living in Gorongosa National Park.
  • African Wild Dog – African wild dogs live on the open plains and woodlands of Mozambique. Quirimbas National Park is home to African wild dogs as well as other unusual wildlife.

Endangered Animals in Mozambique

Unfortunately, there are some endangered animals among all of the unique wildlife living in Mozambique. Loss of habitat and poaching are two reasons why some of these animals have this conservation status. Also, the civil war that took place in Mozambique a few decades ago has had a lasting effect on many animal populations. Some of the endangered animals in Mozambique include:

Mozambican Animals

Aardvark

Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!

African Bullfrog

The African bullfrog is one of only three species of frog that have “teeth.”

African Bush Elephant

Can drink up to 50 gallons a day

African Civet

Secretes up to 4g of musk every week!

African Clawed Frog

A particularly ferocious amphibian!

African Palm Civet

Solitary but gathers in groups!

African Wild Dog

Also known as the painted dog!

American Cockroach

Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Armyworm

They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bichir

The bichir species is more than 400 million years old

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Rhinoceros

Horns can grow to 1.5m!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Hyena

They don’t laugh

Buffalo

Has no real natural predators!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Bush Baby

In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Caracal

Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chameleon

There are more than 160 different species!

Cheetah

The fastest land mammal in the world!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cichlid

There are more than 2 000 known species!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Dik-Dik

A dik-dik is named after a sound it makes when it is frightened

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Elephant Shrew

Found exclusively on the African continent!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fiddler Crab

The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.

Flamingo

Sleeps on just one leg!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Bat

Among the largest bats in the world

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Guinea Fowl

Found in a vairety of African habitats!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Hippopotamus

Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!

Honey Badger

One of earth's bravest creatures!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Hyena

There are four different species!

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Impala

Able to jump over 10 feet high

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Kudu

Lives in herds of up to 24 individuals!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leopard

Spends much of the time high in the trees!

Leopard Tortoise

The most widely distributed tortoise in Africa!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lion

Lives in small groups called prides!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marabou Stork

The marabou stork does not have a voice box.

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

Nile Crocodile

When a female Nile crocodile’s hatchlings are in danger, she may hide them in a special pouch inside her throat.

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Pangolin

Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Serval

Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Tsetse Fly

Tsetse flies are large biting flies that live in the tropical regions of Africa.

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Vervet Monkey

Rarely found more than 450m from trees!

Vinegaroon

Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Warthog

Has two sets of tusks on it's face!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

White Rhinoceros

The second largest animal on the land!

Wildebeest

Can trek more than 1,000 miles every year!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Zebra

Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Zonkey

The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!

Zorse

The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!

Mozambican Animals List

Animals in Mozambique FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Mozambique?

Some of the most amazing and unusual animals live in Mozambique. Some of the most notable members of Mozambique wildlife include African elephants, lions, African wild dogs, dolphins, hippos, zebras, ostriches, sea turtles, impala, and crocodiles. Don’t forget the Mozambique spitting cobra!

What is the national animal of Mozambique?

The national animal of Mozambique is the African elephant. These unusual animals perfectly symbolize resilience. Their population is slowly recovering from almost becoming extinct.

Are there monkeys in Mozambique?

Yes. The vervet monkey, the blue monkey, the chacma baboon and the yellow baboon all live in Mozambique.

Are there lions in Mozambique?

Yes, lions live in Mozambique. Gorongosa National Park is just one of the places where these unique animals live in a protected environment.