Below you can find a complete list of Tanzanian animals. We currently track 170 animals in Tanzania and are adding more every day!
Tanzania is a country in eastern Africa. It borders Uganda to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Rwanda to the west. Tanzania’s geography includes savannahs, wetlands, grassland plains, and wooded forests. The climate can vary from hot in the plains to cool and temperate in the mountains. It is home to Mt. Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain, and Lake Tanganyika, the world’s second deepest lake.
Animals native to Tanzania include cheetahs, lions, wildebeests, gazelles, ostriches, elephants, and giraffes. Tanzania has the highest number of predators in Africa, and these include leopards, jackals, hyenas, and big cats. Reptiles include agama lizards and crocodiles.
Interesting Facts About Wildlife in Tanzania
Tanzania has the largest animal population density of any country in the world. There are more animals per square mile of land in Tanzania than anywhere else.
Tanzania has a huge variety of animals. Its fields, wetlands and forests are home to:
- 430 mammal species.
- 1,112 bird species.
- 60,000 insect species.
- 100 snake species.
- Hundreds of fish, reptiles, and amphibians.
What Is Tanzania’s National Animal?
Tanzania has chosen the graceful, intriguing giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) as its national animal. Standing an average of 20 feet tall, the giraffe is the tallest land mammal on earth. Giraffes are social animals. They travel in groups of 10 to 12 females with their young. The males travel separately.
Although there are many giraffes in Tanzania, the World Wildlife Fund says their population numbers are declining. Habitat loss and poaching have put giraffes in a “vulnerable” status for conservation.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Tanzania
Almost 40% of the country has been turned into wildlife preserves, conservation areas, and marine conservation areas. Tanzania has 17 national parks that cover more than 16,000 square miles.
What You Can See on Safari in Tanzania
The wildebeest great migration happens in October and November. During the migration, wildebeests travel across the Serengeti in huge herds. This migration includes more than 200,000 zebras and 300,000 Thomson’s gazelles.
A drive safari or game drive is the most popular way to view animals. This allows you to watch them from the comfort and safety of a closed vehicle. You can even take a balloon safari, which takes you across the whole park.
Zanzibar Island is part of Tanzania, and the island has its own unique ecology. The coral reefs and mangrove forests are home to whales, dolphins, sea turtles, manta rays, colobus monkeys, dik-diks, Mozambique cobras, and Pemba flying foxes. Zanzibar has one national park and many protected marine areas.
Endangered Animals in Tanzania
Despite efforts to protect Tanzania’s rich, unique wildlife, some animals are endangered.
- Aders’ duiker (Cephalophus adersi): This small, beautiful, deer-like animal lives primarily in Kenya, Tanzania, and Zanzibar Island. It stands about a foot tall and has a reddish coat with a gray neck and striped ears.
- Desperate shrew (Crocidura desperate): This endemic mammal lives in Tanzania’s tropical forest areas. It is a small animal with a long, pointed snout and dark-colored fur. There are desperate shrews in Uzungwe National Park.
- Common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes): As a species, chimpanzees are closer to humans than they are to gorillas or orangutans. They are highly social animals that live in complex societies. Habitat loss, the illegal pet trade, and diseases have caused dramatic drops in chimpanzee populations. They are already extinct in at least four African countries.
- Eastern black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis michaeli): This large, dark-colored rhino has a long, curved horn. It can reach 12 feet and weigh 3000 pounds. Illegal poaching for its horns has caused it to become endangered.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Tanzania
Many dangerous animals live in Tanzania.
- Mosquito: The tiny mosquito spreads malaria, which causes more deaths in Africa than any other disease.
- Black mamba: This venomous snake can grow up to 14 feet. Its venom is so powerful it can completely incapacitate a grown adult. An untreated bite will cause cardiac collapse and death in about seven hours.
- African buffalo: They kill more than 200 people a year. Also known as the Cape buffalo, this animal is stronger than an ox and can weigh a ton or more. Cape buffaloes have massive horns and travel in large herds. It takes an entire pack of lions or cheetahs to bring down one cape buffalo.
- Hippopotamus: After the African elephant, the hippopotamus is the second largest animal on earth. Although they seem fat and lazy, hippos are dangerous. They can weigh over three tons and run more than 30 miles per hour. They are known to attack and kill humans.
See These Animals on Safari
Tanzania has many animals, and its parks and game preserves have made it one of the world’s premier places to see exotic wildlife. Animals extinct in other African countries thrive in the parks and game reserves here. Photographic safaris are a wonderful way to see wildebeests, cheetahs, chimpanzees, hippos and other animals.
Tanzanian Animals List
- African Bullfrog
- African Bush Elephant
- African Civet
- African Clawed Frog
- African Palm Civet
- African Wild Dog
- American Cockroach
- Banana Spider
- Barn Owl
- Barn Swallow
- Black Rhinoceros
- Black Widow Spider
- Bush Baby
- Carpenter Ant
- Common Buzzard
- Common House Spider
- Crab Spider
- Dung Beetle
- Elephant Shrew
- False Widow Spider
- Fiddler Crab
- Fruit Bat
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Guinea Fowl
- Honey Badger
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Jackson’s Chameleon
- Leopard Tortoise
- Marabou Stork
- Monitor Lizard
- Naked Mole Rat
- Nile Crocodile
- No See Ums
- Orb Weaver
- Peregrine Falcon
- River Turtle
- Shoebill Stork
- Skink Lizard
- Spider Wasp
- Stick Insect
- Striped Hyena
- Tiger Beetle
- Tree Frog
- Tsetse Fly
- Vervet Monkey
- Water Buffalo
- White Rhinoceros
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Tanzania FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Animals Live in Tanzania?
Tanzania has a huge number and variety of animals. You can find the typical African animals, including cheetahs, giraffes and crocodiles. You will also find a mix of animals on the coastline, on Zanzibar Island and on the mountain ranges.
Here are some facts about the most common animals in Tanzania.
- Wildebeest: The wildebeest is a type of wild cattle animal with curved horns and a slight hump. Wildebeests are famous for the great migration they perform across the plains of Africa each year. This migration attracts many tourists who want to see this once-in-a-lifetime experience.
- Lions: Tanzania has a healthy population of lions. You can often see lions in wildlife parks. Lion families congregate near river banks in the dry season. Tanzania also has cheetahs and leopards, but it is rare to see them.
- Elephants: Like the wildebeests, elephants migrate in huge herds twice a year. Elephant populations are healthy in Tanzania. The best place to see them is Tarangire National Park.
- Zebras: These beautifully striped members of the horse family are common in Tanzania, where they are roaming freely across the grasslands.
- Thomson’s gazelle: Named for the Scottish explorer Joseph Thomson, these dainty, lovely gazelles are members of the antelope family. Although they are a popular hunting trophy, there are still a lot of Thomson’s gazelles in Tanzania and other African countries.
Are There Tigers in Tanzania?
There are no tigers in Tanzania or any African country. Tigers live in Southeast Asia, parts of South China, and Siberia. Africa has other big cats, including lions and leopards, but it does not have tigers.