Animals in Equatorial Guinea

Below you can find a complete list of Equatorial Guinean animals. We currently track 140 animals in Equatorial Guinea and are adding more every day!

The Republic of Equatorial Guinea, better known as Equatorial Guinea, is a west coast Central African country with a unique wildlife scene. Geographically, the nation has two regions: the mainland, aka Río Muni, and the insular region, which is a series of islands.

Weather-wise, Equatorial Guinea enjoys a tropical climate with wet and dry seasons that fluctuate regionally. For example, the mainland is dry from June to August, while parts of the insular region experience their wet season during those months.

Equatorial Guinea is about the size of Massachusetts, and it’s a unique biodiversity hotspot. Despite its relatively small landmass, it boasts extensive wildlife and five ecoregions, including the Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests, Central African mangroves, Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests, Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests, in addition to the São Tomé, Príncipe, and Annobón moist lowland forests. Impressively, Equatorial Guinea scores high on the Forest Landscape Integrity Index and ranks in the top 20 percent of countries with its average mean score of 7.9 out of 10.

In terms of the country’s flora and fauna populations, there are:

  • 140 tree species
  • 3,250 plant species
  • 418 bird species
  • 91 reptile species
  • About 194 mammal species

Chimps, gorillas, monkeys, leopards, antelopes, elephants, hippos, crocodiles, and snakes call the country home. Insects are also plentiful in the region, especially the tsetse fly and termites. Catfish are popular off the coast of Equatorial Guinea, as are perch, tuna, mackerel, cod, pike, shark, and crayfish. Endangered African manatees also maintain populations in and around the country’s waters.

The Official National Animal of Equatorial Guinea

Like Tanzania, the official national animal of Equatorial Guinea is the giraffe. Residents picked the iconic long-necked animal because it’s brought lots of foreign money into the country. Moreover, citizens revere the giraffe as a noble animal, and being called one is a cultural compliment.

Where To Find the Top Wild Animals in Equatorial Guinea

Despite widespread corruption and aggressive national logging industry, Equatorial Guinea has managed to set aside a considerable amount of protected park space where much of the country’s flora and fauna reside.

They include, from largest to smallest:

The Most Dangerous Animals in Equatorial Guinea Today

The three most dangerous animals in Equatorial Guinea are mosquitoes, tsetse flies, and hippos. The first two carry fatal diseases, and the last has the power to crush almost anything. In fact, hippos are responsible for 500 human deaths a year in Africa.

Nearly Extinct and Endangered Animals

Equatorial Guinea has a handful of endangered species, including Stévart’s egg frogs and Goliath frogs, the largest frog species in the world. Other animals in Equatorial Guinea on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s Red List are:

Equatorial Guinean Animals

Aardvark

Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!

African Civet

Secretes up to 4g of musk every week!

African Clawed Frog

A particularly ferocious amphibian!

African Forest Elephant

Have large rounded ears to help keep them cool!

African Palm Civet

Solitary but gathers in groups!

African Tree Toad

Found in tropical moist lowland forests!

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bichir

The bichir species is more than 400 million years old

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Buffalo

Has no real natural predators!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Bush Baby

In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chameleon

There are more than 160 different species!

Cheetah

The fastest land mammal in the world!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Chimpanzee

Has 32 teeth including fang-like canines!

Cichlid

There are more than 2 000 known species!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dwarf Crocodile

Digs burrows in river banks to rest!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Elephant Shrew

Found exclusively on the African continent!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Flamingo

Sleeps on just one leg!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goliath Frog

Does not have a vocal sac.

Gorilla

The biggest of the world's primates!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Guinea Fowl

Found in a vairety of African habitats!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Hippopotamus

Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!

Honey Badger

One of earth's bravest creatures!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Hyena

There are four different species!

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leopard

Spends much of the time high in the trees!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lion

Lives in small groups called prides!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Mandrill

Distinctively coloured noses and rumps!

Marabou Stork

The marabou stork does not have a voice box.

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

Nile Crocodile

When a female Nile crocodile’s hatchlings are in danger, she may hide them in a special pouch inside her throat.

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Pangolin

Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Serval

Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Tsetse Fly

Tsetse flies are large biting flies that live in the tropical regions of Africa.

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Warthog

Has two sets of tusks on it's face!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Western Gorilla

There are two sub-species!

Western Lowland Gorilla

One of the great apes!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Zebra

Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Zonkey

The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!

Zorse

The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!

Equatorial Guinean Animals List

Animals in Equatorial Guinea FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What Is Equatorial Guinea’s Largest National Park and What Kinds of Animals Can You Find There?

With about 2000 square kilometers of land, Monte Alén National Park is Equatorial Guinea’s largest national park. Officials designated the land a protected area in 1990, and today, approximately 105 mammals — including 16 primate species and rare forest elephants — 65 reptiles, and 265 bird species reside in the park. Goliath frogs, and other endangered species, also have populations in the Monte Alén National Park.

What Type of Vegetation and Animal Life Is Found in the Equatorial Forest?

Equatorial Guinea is filled with dense tropical forests and mangroves. Approximately 140 tree species and 3,250 plant ones thrive in the region. Palms and hardwood trees are the most plentiful. Yams and bananas aren’t native to the area, but early settlers introduced them, and they’re now staple crops.

What Animals Live in Equatorial Guinea?

Equatorial Guinea is filled with exciting fauna, but the country is not a hot tourist destination due to its notoriously corrupt government. Plus, it’s still an underdeveloped nation. However, the few visitors who land within its borders each year are treated to a unique biodiversity smorgasbord.

Hundreds of species call the country home, including giraffes, elephants, hippos, leopards, monkeys, gorillas, giant squirrels, western tree hyraxes, and blue duikers.

What Animals Have Gone Extinct from Equatorial Guinea?

In recent years, no animals have gone extinct in Equatorial Guinea. Other species that may have lived in the region during prehistoric times were the Atlas bear and many dinosaur species.

What Is the Most Dangerous Animal in Equatorial Guinea?

Due to their ability to spread fatal diseases, mosquitos are the most dangerous animals in Equatorial Guinea.

What Is the Most Popular Animal in Equatorial Guinea?

By far, the most popular animal in Equatorial Guinea is the giraffe. Equatoguineans revere them, and being called a giraffe is a compliment.