Below you can find a complete list of Central African animals. We currently track 221 animals in Central African Republic and are adding more every day!
The central African Republic or CAR is found almost exactly in the center of the continent of Africa. This unique and beautiful country is landlocked and shares borders with Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Sudan, and Chad. With its warm and wet climate giving rise to grasslands, savannas, and rain forests it is abundant in all kinds of wildlife. Once, it was considered a paradise for wildlife and is or was the home of just about every African animal. There are 791 species of birds, 209 species of mammals, 29 species of amphibians, and 187 types of reptiles, plus insects, including many moths and butterflies. Unfortunately, many of the animals in the CAR are threatened due to poaching, the search for bushmeat, and diseases introduced through domestic animals such as cattle. Here are some facts about the animals of CAR.
The Official National Animal of Central African Republic
The national animal of the Central African Republic is the elephant. The world’s largest land mammal, CAR’s elephants have been greatly reduced in numbers due to the greed for the ivory that makes up their tusks. Two species of elephant, the bush and the forest elephant are found in CAR. The bush elephant is the larger of the two, but the forest elephant was especially targeted for its unique ivory, which is said to be harder, stronger, and more aesthetically pleasing than the ivory of bush elephants. Both species of elephants have been poached extensively and are on the endangered list.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Central African Republic
The intense pressure on the population of native wildlife has prompted the government of Central African Republic to take steps to protect them. National parks have been set up to protect the wildlife, including Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park, the largest of the parks and reserves at 1,740,000 hectares; Bamingui-Bangoran National Park; Dzanga-Sangha Special Reserve, and the Zemongo Faunal Reserve which itself is part of the Dzanga-Sangha Complex of Protected Areas shared with Cameroon and the Republic of Congo. Other national parks are the ECOFAC Classified Forest; the Kaga Bandoro Classified Forest; the Mbaéré Bodingué National Park; the Nana-Barya Faunal Reserve; the Ouandjia-Vakaga Faunal Reserve and the Vassako-Bolo Strict Nature Reserve.
Visitors who wish to find western lowland gorillas can find them the Dzanga-Sangh Reserve. while Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park is home to giraffe and buffalo as well as 379 types of birds. Chimpanzees can be found in the Zemongo Faunal Reserve while people who are looking for the country’s nearly two dozen species of antelope can find them in the northern and eastern regions of the country. Bangassou is home to the near-threatened bongo and the more common sitatunga, both antelopes. Crocodiles and hippopotamus are found swimming and hunting in CAR’s many rivers.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Central African Republic Today
A list of the most dangerous beasts in the Central African Republic would include:
- Hippopotamus — a couple of facts about this semi-aquatic herbivore are it can be surprisingly aggressive and is easy to underestimate. Hippopotamuses kill about 500 people each year in Africa.
- Buffalo — another large herbivore, the African buffalo, is not only dangerous but is said to exact revenge on hunters who have wounded it. Moreover, they will recruit members of their herd to help do the deed. Buffalo kills about 200 people every year, mostly by goring them to death.
- Crocodile — though numbers are uncertain, it is believed that 200 people suffer death by crocodile each year in Africa. While the buffalo is merely vengeful, the crocodile hunts humans the way it hunts any other animal.
- Elephant — the bush elephant may be responsible for the deaths of 500 humans every year. Male elephants who are undergoing musth are especially dangerous. Of course, this pales in comparison to the number of elephants killed every year by humans.
- Mosquitoes — the tiny and innocent mosquito is responsible for more deaths than any other African animal. Epidemiologists believe that malaria alone, caused by a parasite transmitted by the mosquito, kills 200,000 people a year in West Africa.
Endangered Animals In Central African Republic
Unfortunately, many animals are endangered in the Central African Republic, and indeed, the black rhino may be extinct. Extinct means there are simply no more of its kind living in the wild. A list of other endangered animals include:
These creatures are threatened by hunting, poaching and loss of habitat. The cheetah is further endangered by lack of prey.
Central African Animals
Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!
Can drink up to 50 gallons a day
Secretes up to 4g of musk every week!
Have large rounded ears to help keep them cool!
When a grey parrot named Yosuke got lost, it was reunited with its owner after giving the owner's name and address.
Solitary but gathers in groups!
Also known as the painted dog!
The agama forms small social groups that contain both dominant and subordinate males.
Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Renew their horns every year!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Can travel more than four miles a day!
People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.
There are over 1768 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
The bichir species is more than 400 million years old
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
Black mambas are the longest venomous snake in Africa, and second longest in the world.
They typically prey on insects!
Long and heavy spiralled horns!
Females glue egg cases to furniture
Can live its entire life indoors
Has no real natural predators!
The most common species of bee!
In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.
Bush vipers are predators, sinking their fangs into prey while dangling from a tree limb
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
The Carpet Viper probably bites and kills more people than any other species of snake.
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
There are more than 160 different species!
The fastest land mammal in the world!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Has 32 teeth including fang-like canines!
There are more than 2 000 known species!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
Have changed little in 200 million years!
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Digs burrows in river banks to rest!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
The Egyptian cobra is one of the largest cobras in Africa.
A duck species that resembles a goose when flying
The electric catfish can discharge an electric shock up to 450 volts
Spends around 22 hours a day eating!
Found exclusively on the African continent!
The fastest creatures on the planet!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
There are three different color morphs, which entirely depend on the region that they live in.
There are 12 different species in the world!
There are around 7,000 different species!
Among the largest bats in the world
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
Named for the Arabic word for love poems
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Originally known as the Desert Rat!
The most common type of urban roach
Long, black tongue can grow to 18 inches long!
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
Featured in River Monsters TV series
There are 11,000 known species!
Found in a vairety of African habitats!
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!
One of earth's bravest creatures!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are four different species!
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
Klipspringers can jump as high as 10-12ft!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Lappet-faced vultures are tidy and wash their heads in a body of water after they’ve eaten
Spends much of the time high in the trees!
The most widely distributed tortoise in Africa!
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
Lives in small groups called prides!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Will only live in wet areas
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
The marabou stork does not have a voice box.
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
When a female Nile crocodile’s hatchlings are in danger, she may hide them in a special pouch inside her throat.
There are more than 5,000 species.
Olive baboons will sometimes form strong friendships with each other
Females are about four times the size of males
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell
Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.
Can live for up to 100 years!
The fastest species of primate in the world!
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
This large snake is so-named because it will puff up its body to appear bigger than it is when directly threatened by a predator or person.
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 50 different species!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Is the most populous bird in the world
It's horns are made from keratin!
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
Actually related to Elephants and Manatees!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Will mate with the entire flock!
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 3,000 known species worldwide
There are 140 different species!
The spider ball python is known for having a head wobble.
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Spitting cobras are types of cobras that can spit venom at predators and prey.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Because of their unique venom delivery system, stiletto snakes are almost impossible to hold safely in the usual way (with fingers behind the head) without being bitten.
They can’t sing like other birds.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Tsetse flies are large biting flies that live in the tropical regions of Africa.
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Has two sets of tusks on it's face!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
There are 200 different species!
Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!
There are around 75 different species!
The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!
The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!
Central African Animals List
Animals in Central African Republic FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Central African Republic?
A list of all the unique creatures that live in CAR is extensive, but it includes not just those mentioned above but:
- Giant African water shrew
- African golden cat
- Blue duiker
- Giant Lord Derby’s eland
- Spotted hyena
- African fish eagle
Moths found in CAR include:
- Tiger moths
- Geometer moths
- Noctuid moths
- Small verdant hawk moth
- Tropical tobacco moth
CAR is landlocked, and there are only fresh water fish in its lakes and rivers. They include:
- Christy’s Lyretail
- North African catfish
- Smooth-belly pellonuline
- Common carp
- Royal sprat
- West African bichir
- Slender lungfish
- Congo caecilian
- Gaboon Forest treefrog
- Plain reed frog
What is the national bird of Central African Republic?
Central African Republic doesn’t have a national bird, but the facts are it has nearly 800 species of birds. These include the ostrich, drongos, egrets and herons, pelicans, African broadbills and spoonbills among many others.