Below you can find a complete list of South Sudanese animals. We currently track 250 animals in South Sudan and are adding more every day!
South Sudan is a landlocked country situated near the heart of the African continent, along the borders with Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, the Central African Republic, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Following years of civil conflicts, the country gained its independence from Sudan in 2011.
There are many interesting facts to explore about the country’s rich wildlife, starting with its climate and geography. South Sudan is a land of vast plains and plateaus, which are fed by the Nile River and its various tributaries. The center of the country is covered in a vast wetland called the Sudd. This unique area is recognized as a wetland of international importance.
The Official National (State) Animal of South Sudan
The African fish eagle is the official national animal of South Sudan. Representing strength and fortitude, the image of an eagle holding a spear and a spade adorn the nation’s coat of arms. One of the more interesting facts is that this species survives on a diet of fish, water birds, and even baby crocodiles.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in South Sudan
South Sudan has set aside six national parks, representing some 15% of the entire country, where much of the spectacular wildlife can be seen.
- The Bandingilo National Park, located in the Equatoria region near the capital of Juba, is home to the world’s second-largest annual migratory route of antelopes, including the reedbuck, tiang, and white-eared kob. Visitors might also catch a glimpse of Sudan cheetahs, caracals, East African lions, and Nubian giraffes.
- The Boma National Park, which encompasses nearly 9,000 square miles of grasslands and floodplains near the eastern border, is a refuge for antelopes, buffalo, giraffes, cheetah, leopards, elephants, eagles, and vultures.
- The Lantoto National Park covers nearly 300 square miles of forests and glades near the southern city of Yambio. Elephants, buffalos, antelopes, baboons, and ostriches are all found here.
- The Nimule National Park, located near the southern border with Uganda, features hills and low-lying areas near the Nile River. A large number of elephants roam through the park.
- The Shambe National Park, located on the west bank of the White Nile, covers 240 square miles in the remote central part of the country. Shambe is a very rich source of large wildlife, including hippos, rhinos, ostriches, giraffes, lions, and monkeys. It’s also a popular bird-watching destination along migratory routes.
- The Southern National Park is a vast mixture of rainforests, gallery forests, woodlands, and grasslands. Crocodiles, lions, giraffes, buffalo, and antelopes roam the park, while freshwater fish like catfish and lungfish abound in the nearby rivers.
The Most Dangerous Animals in South Sudan Today
South Sudan is a land of immense biodiversity, but it’s also home to many dangerous snakes and large predators that pose a danger to human life. Visitors should watch out for the following species.
- Black Mamba – Native to the savannas, woodlands, and rocky slopes of sub-Saharan Africa, the black mamba is one of the most feared snakes in the entire continent because of its large size, aggressive behavior, and toxic venom. Without proper treatment, there is a very high chance of death within the first seven to 15 hours after injection.
- Puff Adder – The dangerous puff adder is responsible for more deaths than any other snake in Africa. Because of their tendency to remain still and blend in with the environment, people often make the mistake of stepping on them. If left untreated, tissue damage can spread from the injection site and kill a person swiftly.
- Hippopotamus – Large and aggressive, the hippo is responsible for a surprising number of deaths each year when people accidentally stumble upon their territory in the wild.
- Nile Crocodile – With its powerful jaws and formidable size, the Nile crocodile is responsible for more deaths than almost any other animal in Africa.
Endangered Animals in South Sudan
South Sudan, much like the rest of sub-Saharan Africa, is a unique biodiversity hotspot unlike anything else on the planet. Few other places have such a sheer concentration of large and unique animals. But even before its independence, much of the country’s wildlife was imperiled by the combined effects of civil conflict, habitat loss, and rampant and illegal poaching. Government control is almost non-existence in some areas of the country, placing the following species at risk.
- African Elephants – The African bush elephant (and possibly even the African forest elephant) is a mainstay of South Sudanese biodiversity, but it has been pushed into endangered status from habitat loss and poaching. The ivory is particularly valued on the international black market. It’s estimated that no more than a few thousand bush elephants remain in the country and around 400,000 in the entire world.
- African Wild Dog – This is the largest species of wild canine in all of Africa, but it’s currently threatened by population fragmentation, human persecution, and disease outbreaks.
- Black Rhinoceros – South Sudan is one of the last refuges of the Eastern black rhinoceros subspecies. It is in danger of becoming extinct from habitat loss and illegal poaching.
- Northern White Rhinoceros – This subspecies of the white rhino may already be extinct in the wild.
- Grevy’s Zebra – Named after a former president of France, which at the time controlled Ethiopia, this is the largest and also the most endangered of the three species of zebra. Its status in South Sudan is currently unknown, and it may be locally extinct already.
- Nubian Giraffe – This subspecies of the giraffe only has a few thousand individuals remaining. It is distinguished from the other subspecies by the facts of its larger chestnut-colored spots, surrounded by white color.
The Flag of South Sudan
South Sudan’s flag consists of black, red, and green horizontal stripes. It also holds thin white stripes and a blue triangle on the left side of the flag, with a yellow star in the center of the triangle. The black, red, and green horizontal stripes are separated by the white stripes.
South Sudanese Animals
Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!
One of the oldest cat breeds in the world!
Can drink up to 50 gallons a day
Secretes up to 4g of musk every week!
African clawed frogs were used as pregnancy testers from the 1930s to the early 1960s.
Both male and female African elephants have tusks. In Asian elephants, only the males have tusks.
African fish eagles belong to the genus of sea eagles
The males raise the young
Also known as the painted dog!
The agama forms small social groups that contain both dominant and subordinate males.
Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Renew their horns every year!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Can travel more than four miles a day!
Banana cinnamon ball pythons came from combining the banana and cinnamon genes.
People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.
There are over 1768 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
Bat-eared foxes can run up to 35 MPH!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
The bichir species is more than 400 million years old
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
Black mambas are the longest venomous snake in Africa, and second longest in the world.
They typically prey on insects!
Long and heavy spiralled horns!
Females glue egg cases to furniture
Can live its entire life indoors
"They look like you owe them money."
The most common species of bee!
In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin
Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
There are more than 160 different species!
The fastest land mammal in the world!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
There are more than 2 000 known species!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
Have changed little in 200 million years!
Crocodylomorphs include extinct ancient species as well as 26 living species today.
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
Desert ghost ball pythons are even more beautiful when they're bred with another type like enchi ball pythons.
Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
A duck species that resembles a goose when flying
They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.
Both females and males have horns.
The electric catfish can discharge an electric shock up to 450 volts
Spends around 22 hours a day eating!
Found exclusively on the African continent!
The fastest creatures on the planet!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The fire ball python morph is known for its rich golden and reddish-brown coloration.
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"
Freeway ball pythons come from breeding yellow belly and asphalt ball pythons.
There are around 7,000 different species!
Among the largest bats in the world
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
They build a ramp from their nest, which leads to a nearby water source
Gaboon vipers are the largest vipers in Africa.
They make many sounds when trying to attract a mate.
Named for the Arabic word for love poems
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Originally known as the Desert Rat!
The most common type of urban roach
Long, black tongue can grow to 18 inches long!
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 11,000 known species!
Found in a vairety of African habitats!
One of the most invasive species in the world
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!
One of earth's bravest creatures!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are four different species!
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
A popular pet snake that comes in dozens of morphs!
Killer clown ball pythons can cost several thousand dollars.
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
Klipspringers can jump as high as 10-12ft!
Lives in herds of up to 24 individuals!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Lappet-faced vultures are tidy and wash their heads in a body of water after they’ve eaten
The first two lavender albino ball pythons were wild-hatched and imported from Africa.
Spends much of the time high in the trees!
The most widely distributed tortoise in Africa!
The lesser jacana is nomadic, often moving in search of temporary wetland habitats.
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
Lives in small groups called prides!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Will only live in wet areas
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
The marabou stork does not have a voice box.
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
Unlike other reptiles, the male Nile crocodile will stay with a female to guard their nest of eggs.
The Nile monitor is the world's fourth-largest lizard!
There are more than 5,000 species.
Northern pintails migrate at night with speeds reaching 48 miles per hour!
Olive baboons will sometimes form strong friendships with each other
The "Orange Dream" name came from the idea that the morph would make its first breeder a million dollars.
Females are about four times the size of males
Males oribis spend most of their time patrolling the borders of their territories; they can do this about 16 times an hour! However, 27% of their day is spent grazing.
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
The panda pied ball python morph is a combination of the piebald and black pastel traits.
Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell
Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.
Can live for up to 100 years!
The fastest species of primate in the world!
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
This large snake is so-named because it will puff up its body to appear bigger than it is when directly threatened by a predator or person.
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 300 different species!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Is the most populous bird in the world
It's horns are made from keratin!
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
Actually related to Elephants and Manatees!
Rock pythons may have crossbred with the escaped Burmese pythons in Florida.
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Will mate with the entire flock!
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
Savannah monitors are one of the most popular lizards in captivity.
Aside from the ocular scales covering each of its eyes, the scaleless ball python's body is completely smooth.
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
Adults greet each other by clattering their bills together.
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Spitting cobras are types of cobras that can spit venom at predators and prey.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Because of their unique venom delivery system, stiletto snakes are almost impossible to hold safely in the usual way (with fingers behind the head) without being bitten.
They can’t sing like other birds.
The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.
Sunset ball pythons are bred with several other morphs to get designer colors.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Tsetse flies are large biting flies that live in the tropical regions of Africa.
Their name means “banana-eater,” but they rarely ever eat bananas.
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Has two sets of tusks on it's face!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
The second largest animal on the land!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
There are 200 different species!
The yellow belly gene is co-dominant and doesn't completely override other genes.
Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!
There are around 75 different species!
The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!
The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!
South Sudanese Animals List
Animals in South Sudan FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in South Sudan?
South Sudan is particularly rich in many mammalian species, including rodents, bats, warthogs, large cats, canines, primates, antelopes, and other hoofed animals. Common birds include pelicans, plovers, weavers, shrikes, eagles, cranes, ostriches, and partridges. Lizards, snakes, mosquitoes, and flies are also abundant.
What is the national animal of South Sudan?
The African fish eagle is the national animal of South Sudan.
Are there lions in South Sudan?
Yes, South Sudan is home to the East African lion subspecies.
How many animals are there in South Sudan?
It is not currently known how many species of animals are present in South Sudan.