El Salvador

Updated: February 23, 2023
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Below you can find a complete list of types of Salvadoran animals. We currently track 242 animals in El Salvador and are adding more every day!

El Salvador is the smallest country in Latin America. Known as the Land of Volcanoes, the country has frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity. For such a small country it has a diverse ecology with pine forests, mountain ranges, tropical dry forests, two volcanic ranges, and a coastline on the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador is the only country in Central America that does not have a coastline on the Caribbean Sea.

High in the mountains, there is a cloud forest at the summit of Monte Cristo Mountain. The area is home to spider monkeys, anteaters, and many species of birds including toucans. Orchids and wild ferns also adorn the exquisite cloud forest. Mango, coconut and palm trees line the country’s coastline.

Facts About the Animals of El Salvador

Spider monkeys walking in grass

The best places to see spider monkeys in El Salvador are in national parks and private reserves.

©Nick Fox/Shutterstock.com

The most common types of animals in El Salvador are butterflies and birds, with hundreds of species of each. Popular birds are the quetzal, motmot, toucan, macaw, and kingfisher.

Since most of the land is under cultivation, national parks and private reserves are the best places to see popular mammals, including ocelots, spider monkeys, and white-tailed deer.

National Animal and National Bird of El Salvador

Turquoise-browed motmot (Eumomota superciliosa)

Turquoise-browed motmot (Eumomota superciliosa) is the national animal of El Salvador.


El Salvador’s national animal and the national bird is the turquoise-browed motmot (Eumomota superciliosa), a gorgeous, brightly colored tropical bird with a deep turquoise chest and bright blue patches on its head, chest, and long tail feathers. People in El Salvador call this native bird the “torogoz.” It is said to symbolize freedom, liberty, and the beauty of nature.

These birds are fairly easy to encounter in El Salvador, often seen perching in trees at the edge of forests and more out in the open than other tropical birds. Turquoise-browed motmots don’t build nests like other birds – instead, they dig long burrows in the ground along river banks.

Where To Find The Top Wildlife

Ocelots can be seen at

Parque Nacional Montecristo


©Danleo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons – Original / License

The sad facts are that the country is facing the destruction of forests due to deforestation, leading many animals native to El Salvador to endangerment. The best places to see wild animals are in national parks and private reserves.

At Parque Nacional Cerro Verde, you can see emerald toucanets, motmots, and hummingbirds.

Parque Nacional Montecristo is a good place to spot ocelots, pumas and spider monkeys.

Cerro El Pital is the country’s highest peak. It’s a popular place to see catch sight of motmots and quetzals.

Largest Animal

Baird’s tapir

The Baird’s Tapir is the largest animal in El Salvador and can grow as large as 650 pounds.


Baird’s Tapir is the largest species of tapir and the largest land animal in El Salvador. This fascinating creature has a short tail and a long snout, which it uses like a snorkel to hide underwater. Stocky with short, mud-colored fur, this tapir’s feet are splayed to help it move on the muddy ground. Baird’s Tapir can reach lengths of 5 feet and weigh between 330 and 650 pounds.

These big herbivores eat leaves, fruits, twigs, small saplings, and aquatic vegetation. Their browsing behavior through the forest understory serves an essential task of seed dispersion. Baird’s tapirs can be found in the rainforests, swamps, mangroves, marshes, and flooded grasslands across Central America.

Mostly solitary creatures except for mothers caring for their young, Baird’s Tapirs are nocturnal but can also be active during the day. They escape predators by crashing their big bodies through dense vegetation or by jumping underwater. These animals are excellent swimmers and love to submerge themselves with only their snouts protruding from the water.

Rarest Animal

American Crocodile

The American crocodile is one of the rarest animals in El Salvador, where it is listed as endangered.


It is difficult to decide which animal is the absolute rarest in El Salvador, but one endangered animal comes near the top of most lists – the American crocodile. These endangered crocs are native to southern Mexico, Central America, and South America as far as Peru and Venezuela. Other small populations can be found in Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and on the southern tip of Florida in the United States.

The American Crocodile is a large species able to grow nearly 20 feet long and can weigh up to 2,200 pounds. They inhabit both freshwater and saltwater habitats including mangrove swamps, brackish creeks, and coastal canals. Their diets consist of fish and other marine animals, small mammals, birds, and turtles. American crocodiles were once prized for their hides which were used to make belts and handbags. That practice is now banned – but habitat loss, pollution, and accidental deaths by fishing nets, cars, and boats still threaten the animal.

Native Birds

Most Colorful Animals: Resplendent Quetzal

The Resplendent Quetzal is an important symbol of goodness and light in both Aztec and Mayan cultures. They can be seen in Montecristo National Park.

©Ondrej Prosicky/Shutterstock.com

El Salvador may be the smallest country in Central America but there is no lack of biodiversity. Unfortunately, due to the loss of habitat, many of these species remain only in protected natural areas and National Parks. Various species roam the unique habitats, here are several examples:

  • Montecristo National Park – A respected cloud forest home to resplendent quetzal, fulvous owls, and the native, blue-throated motmot.
  • Pine forests bordering Honduras – Many forests have suffered deforestation but a few remain and are habitats for species such as white-breasted hawks, fan-tailed warblers, orange-fronted parakeets, buffy-crowned wood partridges, and white-winged chachalacas.
  • Volcanoes – Many volcanoes dot the country, ranging through multiple environments with cloud forests encircling. As a result of isolated habitats, rare species have evolved, including the Rufus Sabrewing.

Ornithologists all across the world are studying ecological change and developments in El Salvador, monitoring bird and other animal species in order to enact changes to protect and further the preservation of wildlife.

Native Fish

Aggressive Animal: Barracuda

Barracudas have few predators because of their speed and size and can be found in El Salvador’s coastal waters.


Located directly on the Pacific Ocean, the country of El Salvador is no stranger to fishing the waters. Close to the shore, small game fishing is quite easy. Further offshore is where the big game catches take place, with species such as marlin and large sailfish. Some popular catches include:

  • Mackerel
  • Dorado
  • Wahoo
  • Barracuda” data-wpil-keyword-link=”linked” data-old-href=”https://a-z-animals.com/animals/barracuda/” data-lasso-id=”60925″>Barracuda
  • Red snapper
  • Pargo
  • Tunas

November through April is the best time to visit for a fishing trip but fishing is possible year-round.

Native Snakes


Cantils are venomous and native to El Salvador.

©Juan Pablo rosado/Shutterstock.com

Full of incredible species, some not-so-friendly critters exist in El Salvador as well. Six species of venomous snakes inhabit the country, namely:

  • Cantils
  • Jumping vipers
  • Mountain pit vipers
  • Hognosed pit vipers
  • Central American rattlesnakes
  • South American rattlesnakes – most dangerous; hemotoxic and neurotoxic venom

Other, non-venomous species can also pose a serious threat, such as boa constrictors measuring 10ft and over in length and weighing up to 100lb, easily able to crush and disable prey. Sea snakes can also be found off the shores of El Salvador, though relatively shy to humans.

The Most Dangerous Animals

Animals In North America Hibernate

American crocodiles are endangered and dangerous animals in El Salvador.


Animal attacks on humans are very rare in El Salvador. Its dangerous animals include the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus), which can grow to 20 feet. The country also has dangerous snakes, poisonous centipedes, and scorpions.

Strangely, coyotes are considered to be dangerous animals – especially to a lone human encountering a pack, when they can be aggressive. Coyotes are numerous and can even be encountered in populated areas.

Zoos in El Salvador

It is hard to beat the outdoor views of El Salvador; however, visiting the National Zoo of El Salvador is an exciting adventure while in the country, as it is home to nearly 120 species, focused on Central American wildlife.

Endangered and Extinct Animals


Jaguars are native to El Salvador but are now extinct in the country.


The facts are grim. Over 90 species of animal are endangered or at risk of going extinct in El Salvador. These include animals native to El Salvador and others, including the American crocodile, cloud forest rice rat, hawksbill turtle, ocelot, margay, long-tailed otter, and the turquoise-browned motmot, which is the country’s national animal. Both jaguars and mountain lions are already extinct. Fortunately, the country’s government has recently taken steps to make conservation a priority.

Environmental restoration could lead to providing water necessary for agriculture and could restore native animal and plant species to the country.

El Salvador’s flag features a coat of arms on a white stripe representing peace.

©iStock.com/Oleksii Liskonih

Flag of El Salvador

Adopted in 1912, the flag of El Salvador consists of a blue-white-blue horizontal triband and the El Salvador coat of arms in the middle. The top and bottom blue bands represent the ocean and the sky, while the white color represents peace. 

The color blue is important to the people of El Salvador. The Native American cultures produced an indigo plant which they used to extract blue dyes. When Europeans invaded and colonized the area, they realized the wealth that could be made from indigo and turned El Salvador into one of the world’s greatest providers of indigo dye. Today, El Salvador is one of the few countries in the world that still cultivates indigo to produce blue dyes.

Salvadoran Animals

Acadian Flycatcher

Their nests are sloppily held together and have an abandoned appearance

Admiral Butterfly

Stunningly beautiful wings


The agouti is one of the only animals that can crack open Brazil nut pods!

Amazon Parrot

These parrots can be trained to be "talking birds" that mimic human speech

Anole Lizard

There are just under 400 species, several of which change color.


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Has the longest tongue of any animal in relation to its body size!


Can curl into a hard, protective ball!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Basilisk Lizard

Can run/walk on water.


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are 8 different species!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species

Beewolf wasp

They hunt bees


Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Blind Snake

The blind snake is often mistaken for a worm.

Blue grosbeak

Blue grosbeak parents take off the head, legs and wings of an insect before feeding it to their baby.

Blue Tanager (Blue-Grey Tanager)

They travel and forage in pairs or groups


About double the size of a domestic cat!


Seabirds found across the South Pacific!

Brazilian Treehopper

“Mild-Mannered Minimonsters”

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors

Burrowing Owl

The burrowing owl lives in underground burrows


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!


Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin


Can grow to up 6 meters long!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Cedar Waxwing

Their feathers have red, waxy tips that can be hard to identify unless you’re up close.


There are about 3,000 documented species!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Collared Peccary

Form bands of up to 12 individuals!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Yellowthroat

The Common Yellowthroat stays close to the ground and uses stealth to survive!

Coral Snake

There are over 80 species of coral snake worldwide.


They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.


There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


Have changed little in 200 million years!


Crocodylomorphs include extinct ancient species as well as 26 living species today.


A group of these birds is called a Murder.

De Kay’s Brown Snake

They have specialized jaws for removing snails from shells.


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


It's larvae are carnivorous!

Dubia Cockroach

The most popular species of feeder roach


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Dusky Shark

The Dusky Shark sometimes eats trash discarded by humans.

Dwarf Boa

Some species can change color from dark to light, and back again.


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elegant Tern

Have a lifespan of 20 years or more

Emerald Toucanet

Emerald Toucanets spend their lives high in the canopy of tall forests, almost never coming to the ground!

Eyelash Viper

While the eyelash viper can be a pet, be cautious – they are extremely venomous!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fiddler Crab

The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world


Sleeps on just one leg!


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world

Fulvous Whistling Duck

They build a ramp from their nest, which leads to a nearby water source


Can grow to more than 3m long!


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Giant Leopard Moth

When giant leopard moths mate, their mating sessions last over 24 hours.


Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


There are 11,000 known species!

Great Blue Heron

Their wingspan is larger than an eagle’s; both males and females help hatch the eggs; rich in symbolism

Great Crested Flycatcher

This species makes use of some truly unusual nesting material, including snakeskin and garbage


Also known as the Millionfish!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!

Harpy Eagle

Talon's the size of a grizzly bear's claws!

Harris’s Hawk

Their vision is eight times better than a human's

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.

Hepatic Tanager (Red Tanager)

Parents and their young sing sweetly to each other

Hercules Beetle

This dynastine scarab beetle makes a weird huffing sound when it’s disturbed.

Herring Gull

They are loud, spirited birds with raucous cries that sound like bursts of laughter.

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


The fly has no teeth

Howler Monkey

Spends 80% of it's time resting!


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!


Beat their wings up to 80 times per second!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!


Uses visual signals to communicate!


There are an estimated 30 million species!


The jacana has the ability to swim underwater


The largest feline on the American continent!

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies

Keel-Billed Toucan

It's beak can reach nearly 20 cm long!

Kentucky Warbler

The Kentucky Warbler appears to wear bright yellow cat-eye glasses!


The killdeer feigns injury to draw a predator away from its nest.


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


The kinkajou is a nimble forest-dwelling mammal of Central and South America.


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Has 10 pairs of eyes!

Leopard Frog

They can jump up to three feet


There are around 5,000 different species!

Lone Star Tick

Only females have the ‘lone star’ marking


The largest species of parrot in the world!

MacGillivray’s Warbler

The complicated story of how MacGillivray’s Warblers got their name involves three ornithologists, a physician and a compromise.


Will only live in wet areas

Magnolia Warbler

They line their nests with fungi strands


Margays are one of the world’s most highly adapted cat species for climbing trees!

Marine Toad

Produces a toxin used in arrow darts!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Mexican Free-Tailed Bat

Some colonies have millions of bats


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Mockingbirds are incredible mimics that can learn hundreds of songs!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Known for their calm and peaceful nature!

Monarch Butterfly

During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


There are around 260 known species!

Moonglow Boa

Moonglow boas are the result of mixing three genetic traits.


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Morpho Butterfly

Collectors prize them for their bright wings


Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood


There are 250,000 different species!

Mountain Lion

Has no real natural predators!

Mourning Dove

It is almost always the male who makes the famous sad sound, which is a wooing call

Mourning Warbler

The Mourning Warbler was named for its gray head, which resembles a mourning veil!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Muscovy Duck

Unlike most duck species, the Muscovy is silent and only makes noise when excited or threatened.

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Northern Harrier

They can reach speeds of 25 Mph but prefer to soar low and slow.

Northern Potoo

You can find them near golf courses in urban areas


Also known as the Painted Leopard!

Orange-Crowned Warbler

Often mistaken for the Tennessee Warblers, which are equally dull.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees


Prefers to hunt at night than during the day!


Can live for up to 100 years!


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pit Viper

Pit vipers's fangs fold up into their mouths when they don't need them.

Poison Dart Frog

Inhabits the jungles of Central and South America!

Pompano Fish

They are bottom-feeders


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.


Has longer back legs than front legs!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


The tail feathers of the male can be 1m long!


Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.


Rattlesnakes may have evolved their rattle to warn bison away from them.

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


Roadrunners are one of the few animals that prey on rattlesnakes and tarantula hawk wasps.


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


Will mate with the entire flock!

Rose-Breasted Grosbeak

This bird is also called cut-throat because the male looks like his throat has been cut and has bled over his breast.

Roseate Spoonbill

The only Spoonbill in the western hemisphere!

Ruddy Duck

Ruddy duck breeding males have bright blue bills!

Saber-Toothed Tiger

Canines up to 7 inches long!

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Scarlet Macaw

Like many parrots, the scarlet macaw is capable of vocal mimicry.

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher

Scissor-tailed flycatchers are known for their dramatically long tails!


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sharp-Shinned Hawk

In captivity, sharp-shinned hawks can live up to 13 years. However, in the wild, this number is significantly reduced to 3 years!


The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.


It's body temperature is between 30 - 34 degrees!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 4,000 known species worldwide


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Spotted Skunk

Spotted skunks are known for their acrobatic abilities. They perform handstands before spraying their enemies.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Summer Tanager

They remove bee stingers by rubbing them against a tree

Swainson’s Hawk

Their wings form a “V” shape when flying.


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!


There are more than 40 different species!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Tree swallow

The tree swallow can make more than a dozen distinct vocalizations


Closely related to pheasants and chickens!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Migrates up and down the mountains!

Upland Sandpiper

They make jerky movements as they walk through the grass, searching for food.

Vampire Bat

Have a heat sensor on the end of their nose!

Vine Snake

A slender body and elongated snout give the vine snake a regal look.


Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Western Tanager

They migrate farther north than any other tanager.

White-Faced Capuchin

One of the world's most intelligent monkeys!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

White-tail deer

White-tail deer are good swimmers

Willow Flycatcher

These birds live in the understory and are named for their propensity for flitting between willows and shrubs.

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball


There are 200 different species!


Doesn’t have eyes.

Yellow Bellied Sapsucker

The males are responsible for choosing the nesting tree most of the time. Luckily, cavity nests are often reused for multiple breeding seasons (up to 7 years.)

Yellow Spotted Lizard

Gives birth to live young.


They forage near the ground, searching leaves for insects

Salvadoran Animals List

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About the Author

Growing up in rural New England on a small scale farm gave me a lifelong passion for animals. I love learning about new wild animal species, habitats, animal evolutions, dogs, cats, and more. I've always been surrounded by pets and believe the best dog and best cat products are important to keeping our animals happy and healthy. It's my mission to help you learn more about wild animals, and how to care for your pets better with carefully reviewed products.