Below you can find an extensive list of Panamanian animals. We currently track 277 animals in Panama and are adding more every day!
There are many animals native to Panama. The diversity of the land results in a range of
amphibians, birds, mammals, and other animals. The country is home to over 970 species of birds, the most of any country in Central America. National Animal
The Golden Mantella is a type of frog that lives in Panama and is its official national animal.
The official national animal of Panama is the
golden frog. Residents consider this amphibian to be good luck. The golden frog is recognizable if you know what to look for. It has a slim body and black spots on its bright yellow body. National Bird
The harpy eagle is the national bird of Panama as a symbol of strength and power.
national bird of Panama is the harpy eagle, a large raptor with a wingspan that typically measures more than 6 feet. Standing 3 to 3.5 feet tall, the harpy eagle has black wings, a white chest and gray head with ornamental feathers that can be spread out or lay flat. Its powerful talons are thicker than that of hawks. The talons are also very long, reaching 5 inches — that’s as big as a bear claw! They are used to capture prey up to 20 pounds, which the harpy eagle can tear apart using its sharp curved beak. The harpy eagle lives in the rainforest.
While the macaw, quetzal, and owl would all have been good choices, the harpy eagle is the largest eagle in the Americas, so it embodies the strength and power that Panama represents. This is the bird displayed on the national emblem of the country.
Where To Find The Top Wildlife in Panama
Geoffroys Tamarin is a unique priimate species in Panama, located in the lowland forest.
©Brian Gratwicke / Creative Commons
Many of the unique primate species of animals in Panama are located in the lowland forest. The
Geoffroy’s tamarin is one such creature. They assemble in groups of up to 40, making up for their small size with a distinctive voice. Catch sight of them at the Darien, the Monumento Nacional Isla Barro Colorado, and the Parque Natural Metropolitano.
Nearly any area of the country offers a wide selection of animals native to Panama. The lowland
forests are home to the many varieties of monkeys that make their home in Panama, while you can catch sight of the big cats in the jungle.
There are many Panama animals to see in coastal areas as well. You may get the treat of seeing one of the five varieties of
sea turtles that make their home here. Looking out to sea, you may catch sight of bottlenose dolphins. The lucky may spot killer, sperm, or humpback whales in the waters off the coast.
Of course, you can always go to a zoo to be sure that you see some interesting animals. Two that are well recommended are the
Buenaventura Zoo (Conservation Center), which works for the protection and care of the region’s fauna, and Raquel’s Ark, an exotic animal rescue center. Most Dangerous Animals
A jaguarundi is more elusive than dangerous.
If you are looking for the most dangerous animals here, you may hope to see the elusive big cats that make Panamanian jungles their home. The
jaguar, which is the largest of the cats in the Americas, is found here, as are ocelots, margays, pumas, and jaguarundis. While dangerous when encountered, the likelihood of running into these elusive creatures is minimal.
Other than the big cats, there are several other species to avoid, big and small.
Painful, venomous, and sometimes deadly bites: black widow and brown recluse spiders, the bullet ant, and coral snakes. Infectious, disease-carrying bites: mosquitos and vampire bats. Big bites! Sharks in the ocean waters on either side of Panama. Endangered Animals
The Blue Whale is an endangered species in Panamanian waters.
Many endangered species make their home in Panama. They include the glow-throated
hummingbird, web-footed salamander, Azuero parakeet, Blue whale, Coiba Island Howler Monkey, Coiban Agouti (endemic), Dice’s cottontail, Ender’s small-eared shrew, red-backed squirrel monkey, and Polkadot poison frog.
It is important to protect these species, so they don’t go the way of extinct animals. The list of extinct animals includes the Caribbean monk seal, which was declared extinct in 2008.
An olingo is similar to a racoon but lives in trees.
The Chiriqui Olingo is a cousin of the raccoon, but it lives in trees and can release a horrible scent from its glands like a skunk does. The species is rare in two ways: it is endemic to Panama, so it is not found anywhere else, and its habitat is restricted to one area only in Panama. As a result, very little is known about this animal.
The Hampback whale is the largest animal in Panamanian territory.
©Imagine Earth Photography/Shutterstock.com
Besides the big cats mentioned under “Dangerous” animals, there is the spectacled bear that certainly qualifies as a large animal. There are also several species each of monkeys, squirrels, large rats, and the copybara, gray fox, bush dog, coyote, otter, and raccoon. Besides the rainforests, though, are those oceans on either side of Panama that have the biggest creatures of all: whales! In addition, the oceans are home to dolphins, sharks, sea turtles, manta rays, and some sizeable game fish like the marlin.
Mahi Mahi, which swim off the coast of Panama, are also called dophinfish because they often swim in front of boats.
Perhaps the most famous feature of Panama, the Panama Canal, is an artificial waterway that links the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The country lies between both bodies of water, giving it access to a vastly diverse area of aquatic species.
eight spectacular fish found in Panama at this link to get a sample of the colorful and amazing fish found off its coasts: common dolphinfish (AKA mahi-mahi), cubera snapper, common sawfish, trumpetfish, Atlantic thresher shark, spotted hatchetfish, swordsnout grenadier, and coral hawkfish. Flag
The Panama flag features red, white, and blue along with two stars.
©Osman Bugra Nuvasil/Shutterstock.com
flag of Panama contains four equally sized rectangles. Two rectangles are white, alongside one blue and one red. Both white rectangles have a blue or red star in the center. Red reflects the liberal party, while blue stands for the conservative party. White represents peace and purity. In terms of the stars, the blue one represents honesty and the red one represents the law. Panamanian Animals
Their nests are sloppily held together and have an abandoned appearance
Stunningly beautiful wings
The agouti is one of the only animals that can crack open Brazil nut pods!
These parrots can be trained to be "talking birds" that mimic human speech
Don't eat raw eel! Their blood is poisonous to humans when consumed raw.
Their name means snake bird
There are just under 400 species, several of which change color.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Has the longest tongue of any animal in relation to its body size!
Can curl into a hard, protective ball!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Asian lady beetles infest indoor spaces, but they do not reproduce indoors.
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
There are 8 different species!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
They typically prey on insects!
They are the only songbird in North America with an orange throat!
The blind snake is often mistaken for a worm.
They inflict a painful, venomous sting
Blue grosbeak parents take off the head, legs and wings of an insect before feeding it to their baby.
They travel and forage in pairs or groups
One of the most colorful members of the genus Acanthurus
Seabirds found across the South Pacific!
Can live its entire life indoors
The burrowing owl lives in underground burrows
Bush dogs have webbed toes to help them swim.
The bushmaster’s scientific name means “silent death.”
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin
Can grow to up 6 meters long!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
Their feathers have red, waxy tips that can be hard to identify unless you’re up close.
There are about 3,000 documented species!
They inhabit regrowing forests
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
There are more than 2 000 known species!
Found in dense forests and wet jungles!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
Form bands of up to 12 individuals!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
The Common Yellowthroat stays close to the ground and uses stealth to survive!
There are over 80 species of coral snake worldwide.
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
Have changed little in 200 million years!
Crocodylomorphs include extinct ancient species as well as 26 living species today.
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
They have a unique call that they are named for.
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
The most popular species of feeder roach
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
The Dusky Shark sometimes eats trash discarded by humans.
Some species can change color from dark to light, and back again.
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
They can live up to 9 years.
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Have a lifespan of 20 years or more
While the eyelash viper can be a pet, be cautious – they are extremely venomous!
The fastest creatures on the planet!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
They build a ramp from their nest, which leads to a nearby water source
Galapagos sharks are cannibalistic and sometimes eat their young, so the pups stay away from the adults in shallow water.
Can grow to more than 3m long!
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Has distinctive V shape on head!
The most common type of urban roach
When giant leopard moths mate, their mating sessions last over 24 hours.
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
There are 11,000 known species!
Their songs have cat-like qualities and can mimic other birds and animals, like tree frogs.
The gray fox has retractable claws and a rotating wrist that allow it to climb trees with some proficiency
Their wingspan is larger than an eagle’s; both males and females help hatch the eggs; rich in symbolism
This species makes use of some truly unusual nesting material, including snakeskin and garbage
At night, they make a terrifying low call that sounds like a distressed moan or growl.
Also known as the Millionfish!
They are natural pest controls
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
Talon's the size of a grizzly bear's claws!
Their vision is eight times better than a human's
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Parents and their young sing sweetly to each other
This dynastine scarab beetle makes a weird huffing sound when it’s disturbed.
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
They are loud, spirited birds with raucous cries that sound like bursts of laughter.
There are only 8 recognized species!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
The wren’s epithet, aedon, comes from a Greek queen who accidentally killed her only son. She was actually aiming for her nephew, and Zeus took pity on her and turned her into a nightingale.
Spends 80% of it's time resting!
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Beat their wings up to 80 times per second!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
Uses visual signals to communicate!
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
One of the biggest species in the Caranx genus
The largest feline on the American continent!
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
It's beak can reach nearly 20 cm long!
The Kentucky Warbler appears to wear bright yellow cat-eye glasses!
When these fish feel stressed, their skin color will change from yellow-cream to brown.
The killdeer feigns injury to draw a predator away from its nest.
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
The kinkajou is a nimble forest-dwelling mammal of Central and South America.
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
They can jump up to three feet
Young lesser scaups learn to dive as soon as their down dries.
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Only females have the ‘lone star’ marking
The largest species of parrot in the world!
The complicated story of how MacGillivray’s Warblers got their name involves three ornithologists, a physician and a compromise.
Will only live in wet areas
They line their nests with fungi strands
Margays are one of the world’s most highly adapted cat species for climbing trees!
Produces a toxin used in arrow darts!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some colonies have millions of bats
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Mockingbirds are incredible mimics that can learn hundreds of songs!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
Known for their calm and peaceful nature!
During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
There are around 260 known species!
Moonglow boas are the result of mixing three genetic traits.
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Collectors prize them for their bright wings
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Has no real natural predators!
It is almost always the male who makes the famous sad sound, which is a wooing call
The Mourning Warbler was named for its gray head, which resembles a mourning veil!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Unlike most duck species, the Muscovy is silent and only makes noise when excited or threatened.
Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long
There are more than 5,000 species.
They can reach speeds of 25 Mph but prefer to soar low and slow.
Northern pintails migrate at night with speeds reaching 48 miles per hour!
Also known as the Painted Leopard!
Females are about four times the size of males
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
They are one of the most colorful species of birds.
Prefers to hunt at night than during the day!
Can live for up to 100 years!
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Pit vipers's fangs fold up into their mouths when they don't need them.
Inhabits the jungles of Central and South America!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
Has longer back legs than front legs!
Purussaurus had a bite force that is higher than that of any creature that has ever lived
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
The tail feathers of the male can be 1m long!
Known to wash their food before eating it!
The rainbow boa is named for its iridescent skin that refracts light and creates a rainbow-colored effect.
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
Rattlesnakes may have evolved their rattle to warn bison away from them.
Male and female Red-Footed Tortoises move their heads to communicate.
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Will mate with the entire flock!
This bird is also called cut-throat because the male looks like his throat has been cut and has bled over his breast.
The only Spoonbill in the western hemisphere!
Canines up to 7 inches long!
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are more than 700 different species!
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
They raise their crests to ward off predators
Like many parrots, the scarlet macaw is capable of vocal mimicry.
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
In captivity, sharp-shinned hawks can live up to 13 years. However, in the wild, this number is significantly reduced to 3 years!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
It's body temperature is between 30 - 34 degrees!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
Lives in groups of up to 500 individuals!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
They can’t sing like other birds.
They remove bee stingers by rubbing them against a tree
Their wings form a “V” shape when flying.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
There are more than 40 different species!
They make music with their wings
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
The tree swallow can make more than a dozen distinct vocalizations
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Migrates up and down the mountains!
They make jerky movements as they walk through the grass, searching for food.
Have a heat sensor on the end of their nose!
The veery is named for its sharp "veer" call.
A slender body and elongated snout give the vine snake a regal look.
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
They are typically noisy birds but take on a soft tone with their young.
They migrate farther north than any other tanager.
One of the world's most intelligent monkeys!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
White-tail deer are good swimmers
Although deer are herbivores, they will sometimes eat mice and birds when they can catch them.
These birds live in the understory and are named for their propensity for flitting between willows and shrubs.
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
Temperature determines the sex of turtle eggs
This animal can roll up into a ball
There are 200 different species!
The males are responsible for choosing the nesting tree most of the time. Luckily, cavity nests are often reused for multiple breeding seasons (up to 7 years.)
Gives birth to live young.
They swallow soft fruit whole
They forage near the ground, searching leaves for insects
Panamanian Animals List