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Chameleon


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Flap-Necked Chameleon (Chamaeleo dilepis), Botswana
Chameleon
A West Usambara Two-horned Chameleon, Tanzania
Oustalets Chameleon, Ambalavao, Madagascar
Chameleon
The chameleon is a very distinctive and well-known species of lizard, due to the large eyes and curled tail of the chameleon. Chameleons are found throughout jungle and desert alike, in Africa, Asia and parts of Southern Europe and chameleons have also been introduced to parts of North America.

There are thought to be more than 160 different species of chameleon that range from just an inch to more than a couple of feet in size. The tiny pygmy leaf chameleon, found in the jungles of Madagascar, is the smallest species of chameleon with some males measuring less than 3 cm long.

The largest species of chameleon, the Malagasy giant chameleon, is also natively found in the jungles of Madagascar and can grow to nearly 70 cm in length. Parson's chameleon, also found in Madagascar can grow to around 65 cm in length.

Some species of chameleon, although not all, are able to change the colour of their skin in order to be camouflaged into their surroundings. These colour changes in the chameleon's skin colour can include colours such as pink, blue, red, orange, green, black, brown, light blue, yellow and turquoise, all so that the chameleon can blend in more easily.

The chameleon has exceptional eyesight for a reptile as the structure of the chameleon's eye, allows the chameleon to have complete 360 degree vision around it's body. This special adaptation, allows the chameleon to be able to hunt prey and spot predators more effectively.

The chameleon is generally an omnivorous animal, although some chameleon species are known to have a more carnivorous diet, and other chameleon species prefer to be vegetarians. A chameleon will generally eat anything though including berries, leaves, fruits, insects, worms, snails and some of the larger chameleon species will also hunt small reptiles.

Due to the generally small size of the chameleon, they are often a prime target for hungry predators (when the chameleon can be seen that is). Other tree dwelling animals such as snakes and birds are the most common predators of the chameleon, along with some mammals.

In order to bury to her eggs to keep them safe and warm, the female chameleon firsts digs a hole in the forest floor in which to bury them. The hole can be from 10 to 30 cm deep, but the depth of the hole generally depends on the chameleon species.

The female chameleon then lays a clutch of around 20 eggs, although the exact number of eggs can vary from just one to nearly 100. The chameleon eggs take from 4-12 months to hatch, depending on the chameleon species.

Today many chameleon species are considered to be threatened with extinction, and other chameleon species are even considered to to endangered. The declining chameleon numbers are most likely due to habitat changes such as pollution and deforestation.


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nicole briggy

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cole

"It helped my chameleon to get beter."

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Chameleon Translations

Bulgarian български език
Хамелеони
 
Czech Cesky
Chameleonovití
 
Danish Dansk
Kamæleon
 
German Deutsch
Chamäleons
 
English English
Chameleon
 
Esperanto Esperanto
Ĥameleono
 
Spanish Español
Chamaeleonidae
 
Finnish Suomi
Kameleontit
 
French Français
Chamaeleonidae
 
Hebrew עִבְרִית
זיקיות
 
Croatian Hrvatski
Kameleoni
 
Hungarian Magyar
Kaméleonfélék
 
Italian Italiano
Chamaeleonidae
 
Japanese 日本語
カメレオン科
 
Dutch Nederlands
Kameleons
 
Norwegian Norsk
Kameleoner
 
Polish Polski
Kameleonowate
 
Portuguese Português
Camaleão
 
Swedish Svenska
Kameleonter
 
Turkish Türkçe
Bukalemun
 
Chinese 中文
變色龍
 

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Chameleon Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Reptilia
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Squamata
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Chamaeleonidae
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Chamaeleonidae
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Reptile
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Omnivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
2.8cm - 68.5cm (1.1in - 27in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
0.01kg - 2kg (0.02lbs - 4.4lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
35km/h (21mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
4 - 8 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Threatened
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Green, Brown, Black, Yellow, Red, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Scales
Favourite Food:Insects
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Tropical forests and desert
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once...
20
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Insects, Snails, Leaves
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Snakes, Birds, Mammals
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Exceptional vision and ability to change skin colour

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