Below you can find a complete list of Djiboutian animals. We currently track 203 animals in Djibouti and are adding more every day!
This country on the eastern Horn of Africa is almost entirely desert in nature. Only about 1% of its approximately 9000 square miles is forested to any appreciable degree. Apart from a small section of mountainous land in the northern part of the country that is a little cooler, and two large lakes where wetland species can survive, Djibouti is mostly hot, arid and dependent upon fixed sources of water such as wells and oases. This produces an environment that is very harsh and unwelcoming in nature for both human and animal species.
Lake Abbe, primarily located in neighboring Ethiopia, and Lake Assal are the only parts of the country watered by perennial rivers. While Lake Abbe is fresh, Lake Assal is saltwater and, at -509 ft in elevation, happens to be the lowest point in all of Africa.
Only about 60 mammal species are present in Djibouti, as well as approximately 40 reptiles, 3 amphibians, 450 fish, and about 360 birds.
The Official National Animal Of Djibouti
There is no National Animal of Djibouti. The most recognizable animals of Djibouti would probably be the Camel, the Ostrich, or the Grevy’s Zebra.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals In Djibouti
The major point of access to Djibouti animals and wildlife species lies in the Day Forest National Park. This rather small (2200 acres) wildlife preserve is one of the few wooded areas in the country. Apart from this small spot of cool green, most other animals and other wildlife species will be found only in proximity to the very limited supplies of water.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Djibouti
While the endangered and dangerous Lion and Leopard are occasionally seen in Djibouti, other dangerous predators such as the Jackal and Hyena are more likely to pose a threat.
Among the reptiles, Djibouti is home to the Ogaden Burrowing Asp.
Offshore, sea creatures such as the Jellyfish and the Stingray are present, as are several species of Shark.
Endangered Animals In Djibouti
Due to the very harsh climate and lack of water, all Djibouti animals could probably be considered endangered in one way. In terms of actual extinction, several animals are in need of protection. While most of the predators in the area can be regarded as both endangered and dangerous, the list also includes many animals that are lower down on the food chain.
- The Grevy’s Zebra, which is the largest of all the Zebras, is highly endangered in Djibouti. This is primarily a result of a severely restricted and encroached-upon habitat.
- The Djibouti Spurfowl is a bird species that is on the verge of becoming extinct. Its habitat is confined to two very small mountainous districts.
- The Warthog is also somewhat endangered in the region. In a broader sense, however, other Warthog populations found elsewhere mean that the species is not in any particular danger of becoming extinct overall.
- Until recently, it was assumed that the Elephant Shrew was fully extinct. Recently, small populations of this cool little creature have been rediscovered. However, it remains an extremely endangered animal.
- The not-so-common African Wild Ass is also present in limited numbers. It may perhaps owe its survival to its ability to drink salt water when no other water source is available.
Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!
The aardwolf has five toes on its front paws
African clawed frogs were used as pregnancy testers from the 1930s to the early 1960s.
Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Renew their horns every year!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Can travel more than four miles a day!
People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.
There are over 1768 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Detects prey using echolocation!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
The bichir species is more than 400 million years old
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
They typically prey on insects!
Can live its entire life indoors
The most common species of bee!
In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin
Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are more than 160 different species!
The fastest land mammal in the world!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
There are more than 2 000 known species!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
Have changed little in 200 million years!
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.
The electric catfish can discharge an electric shock up to 450 volts
Spends around 22 hours a day eating!
Found exclusively on the African continent!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
Named for the Arabic word for love poems
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Originally known as the Desert Rat!
The most common type of urban roach
The largest fish in its genus
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 11,000 known species!
Found in a vairety of African habitats!
One of the most invasive species in the world
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!
One of earth's bravest creatures!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are four different species!
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
A popular pet snake that comes in dozens of morphs!
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
Klipspringers can jump as high as 10-12ft!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Spends much of the time high in the trees!
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Will only live in wet areas
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
There are more than 5,000 species.
Females are about four times the size of males
The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
The largest bird in the world!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Can live for up to 100 years!
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
This large snake is so-named because it will puff up its body to appear bigger than it is when directly threatened by a predator or person.
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 300 different species!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Is the most populous bird in the world
Scientists believe that the red spitting cobra evolved from injecting venom to spitting it in response to the constant threat of early humans
They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs
It's horns are made from keratin!
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
Rock pythons may have crossbred with the escaped Burmese pythons in Florida.
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Will mate with the entire flock!
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Spitting cobras are types of cobras that can spit venom at predators and prey.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
They can’t sing like other birds.
The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Their name means “banana-eater,” but they rarely ever eat bananas.
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Has two sets of tusks on it's face!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
There are 200 different species!
They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.
Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!
There are around 75 different species!
The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!
The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!
Djiboutian Animals List
Animals in Djibouti FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Djibouti?
Being both a small country and one with a very harsh climate, Djibouti is home to only a limited number of animals and wildlife species. The common domesticated camel may be the one present in the largest numbers. Small antelope species such as the small Soemmering’s Gazelle and the larger Oryx Beisa provide a food source for a number of medium-sized predators such as the jackal and hyena.
As in many arid climates, a large number of common ground rodents are present such as the Somalian Gerbil and the aforementioned Elephant Shrew. Carrion-eating birds such as vultures are also present.
Equine-type species such as the Zebra and African Wild Ass are present. One primate species, the not especially endangered or dangerous Hamadryas Baboon, also calls Djibouti home.
Why don’t animals in Djibouti migrate?
The extreme scarcity of reliable water sources tends to lock Djibouti animals into very small territories surrounding the few options available. Surrounded by the wastelands of the Ethiopian desert, there simply aren’t many migratory paths available or superior places to migrate towards. In this regard, Djibouti forms a sort of small insular ecosystem similar to that of an island surrounded by a vast sea of desert in all directions.