Below you can find a complete list of Djiboutian animals. We currently track 121 animals in Djibouti and are adding more every day!
This country on the eastern Horn of Africa is almost entirely desert in nature. Only about 1% of its approximately 9000 square miles is forested to any appreciable degree. Apart from a small section of mountainous land in the northern part of the country that is a little cooler, and two large lakes where wetland species can survive, Djibouti is mostly hot, arid and dependent upon fixed sources of water such as wells and oases. This produces an environment that is very harsh and unwelcoming in nature for both human and animal species.
Lake Abbe, primarily located in neighboring Ethiopia, and Lake Assal are the only parts of the country watered by perennial rivers. While Lake Abbe is fresh, Lake Assal is saltwater and, at -509 ft in elevation, happens to be the lowest point in all of Africa.
The Official National Animal Of Djibouti
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals In Djibouti
The major point of access to Djibouti animals and wildlife species lies in the Day Forest National Park. This rather small (2200 acres) wildlife preserve is one of the few wooded areas in the country. Apart from this small spot of cool green, most other animals and other wildlife species will be found only in proximity to the very limited supplies of water.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Djibouti
Among the reptiles, Djibouti is home to the Ogaden Burrowing Asp.
Endangered Animals In Djibouti
Due to the very harsh climate and lack of water, all Djibouti animals could probably be considered endangered in one way. In terms of actual extinction, several animals are in need of protection. While most of the predators in the area can be regarded as both endangered and dangerous, the list also includes many animals that are lower down on the food chain.
- The Grevy’s Zebra, which is the largest of all the Zebras, is highly endangered in Djibouti. This is primarily a result of a severely restricted and encroached-upon habitat.
- The Djibouti Spurfowl is a bird species that is on the verge of becoming extinct. Its habitat is confined to two very small mountainous districts.
- The Warthog is also somewhat endangered in the region. In a broader sense, however, other Warthog populations found elsewhere mean that the species is not in any particular danger of becoming extinct overall.
- Until recently, it was assumed that the Elephant Shrew was fully extinct. Recently, small populations of this cool little creature have been rediscovered. However, it remains an extremely endangered animal.
- The not-so-common African Wild Ass is also present in limited numbers. It may perhaps owe its survival to its ability to drink salt water when no other water source is available.
Djiboutian Animals List
- African Clawed Frog
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Common Buzzard
- Desert Locust
- Elephant Shrew
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Guinea Fowl
- Honey Badger
- Honey Bee
- Monitor Lizard
- Peregrine Falcon
- River Turtle
- Stick Insect
- Striped Hyena
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Djibouti FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Djibouti?
Being both a small country and one with a very harsh climate, Djibouti is home to only a limited number of animals and wildlife species. The common domesticated camel may be the one present in the largest numbers. Small antelope species such as the small Soemmering’s Gazelle and the larger Oryx Beisa provide a food source for a number of medium-sized predators such as the jackal and hyena.
As in many arid climates, a large number of common ground rodents are present such as the Somalian Gerbil and the aforementioned Elephant Shrew. Carrion-eating birds such as vultures are also present.
Equine-type species such as the Zebra and African Wild Ass are present. One primate species, the not especially endangered or dangerous Hamadryas Baboon, also calls Djibouti home.
Why don’t animals in Djibouti migrate?
The extreme scarcity of reliable water sources tends to lock Djibouti animals into very small territories surrounding the few options available. Surrounded by the wastelands of the Ethiopian desert, there simply aren’t many migratory paths available or superior places to migrate towards. In this regard, Djibouti forms a sort of small insular ecosystem similar to that of an island surrounded by a vast sea of desert in all directions.