Animals In Tunisia

Updated: March 6, 2023
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Below you can find a complete list of Tunisian animals. We currently track 217 animals in Tunisia and are adding more every day!

Tunisia is a small North African country, situated between Algeria to the west, Libya to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. Historically it was the seat of the Carthaginian Empire, still remembered today for its rivalry with Rome. The coast of Tunisia is marked by a pleasant Mediterranean climate and plenty of rich farmland, while the interior is mostly comprised of dry deserts and hills. One of the longest ranges is the Tunisian Dorsal or High Tell. It’s comprised of low rolling hills that extend from the Saharan Atlas mountains of Algeria. The country is also rich in wetlands and forests (although much of this has been converted into farms).

The Official National (State) Animal Of Tunisia


The dromedary camel only has one hump.

©Wolfgang Zwanzger/

Tunisia doesn’t necessarily have a national animal, but it does have a few traditional symbols, including the dromedary, which, unlike the camel, only has one hump. Also known as the Arabian camel or the one-humped camel, the dromedary is the tallest of the camel species, with males standing at over 9 feet and females standing at almost 6 feet tall. The males can weigh over 1300 pounds while females can weigh up to 1200 pounds.

This one-humped camel has an average lifespan of 40 to 50 years and can be found in the Sahara Desert, although this species of camel is no longer found in the wild, they do comprise 94% of the world’s camel population.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals In Tunisia

Tunisia has set aside some 17 unique national parks to protect its natural wildlife, amongst them are two that are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

  • Ichkeul National Park, which derives its name from the nearby lake, is located just outside the city of Bizerte, near the northernmost point in all of Africa. This wetland area was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its importance as a winter bird sanctuary. Among the most interesting birds here are the graylag goose, coot, and wigeon.
  • The Zembra and Zembretta National Park encompass two Mediterranean islands located in the Gulf of Tunisia. Officially declared an important UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1977, the park hosts thousands of migrating birds every year, including the threatened Mediterranean shearwater.
  • The El Feijda National Park, located in the northwest governorate of Jendouba, encompasses almost 7,000 acres of forests, mountains, natural springs, and lakes. Visitors might be able to find the Barbary stag, Barbary boar, African golden wolf, and other mammals here.
  • Chambi National Park, located in the western Kasserine governorate, is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve surrounded by the country’s highest peak, Mount Chambi, which rises some 5,000 feet above sea level. Here one can find the Barbary sheep, Cuvier’s gazelle, Egyptian vulture, peregrine falcon, Tunisian crossbill, Bonelli’s eagle, and plenty of reptiles and snakes.
  • Finally, the Boukornine National Park, located less than 10 miles away from the capital city of Tunis, encompasses nearly 5,000 acres of Aleppo cedar and pine forests at the foothills of the Jebel Boukornine. Both the mountain gazelles and Etruscans shrews (one of the smallest mammals in the world) are found here.

The Zembra and Zembretta National Park is located on two islands – Zembra and Zembretta. They are both located in the northeastern gulf of Tunis and comprise a national park that is a haven for people that want to appreciate the breathtaking landscapes and enjoy hiking, and camping. Zembra has 911 miles of rocky cliffs while Zembretta, the smaller of the two, has almost 5 miles to explore.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Tunisia Today

Animals That Molt - Scorpion

The fat-tailed scorpion is one of the most dangerous groups of scorpions in the world and has stingers similar to the standard scorpion shown here.


The dry arid regions of Tunisia are home to several kinds of dangerous wildlife that pose a risk to people’s health. They should be avoided at all costs.

  • Horned Viper – Easily identified by the presence of unique horns above the eyes, the horned viper will sometimes lie submerged in the sand, waiting for prey to come by. The venom itself can cause pain, swelling, nausea, vomiting, and necrosis, and death can sometimes occur if the venom is left untreated.
  • Egyptian Cobra – These reptiles are easily identified from their large hood and brown and black-colored body. The toxic venom affects the nervous system by stopping the nerves from signaling each other. In the short term, it can cause several unpleasant symptoms such as pain, swelling, blistering, and dizziness. Death can occur in untreated cases from complete respiratory failure.
  • Fat-tailed Scorpion – The fat-tailed scorpion should be completely avoided. The venom can result in pain, swelling, and internal bleeding. If left untreated, it can eventually lead to heart or respiratory failure.

The fat-tailed scorpion is one of the most dangerous groups of scorpions in the world. Because of their aggressive temperament and lethal venom, they are potentially deadly to humans. Their toxins can attack the central nervous system and acts very quickly, causing paralysis and respiratory failure. They have a length of 3 to 4 inches and can be black, dark brown, or reddish in color.

Endangered Animals In Tunisia

Over the centuries, hunting and habitat loss (particularly from the spread of agriculture and farmland) have taken their toll on the local wildlife. While the country has made great strides in extending the protection of its animals, the following species are still endangered.

  • Rhim Gazelle – This endangered species has been hunted relentlessly for sport and for its meat and horns. It’s also losing habitat at a precipitous rate. It’s estimated that no more than 2,500 individuals now remain in the wild.
  • Addax – Also known as the white antelope or the screwhorn antelope, this species is native to the Sahara Desert. At some point in the recent past, it became completely extinct in Tunisia as a result of overhunting and habitat loss. More recently, conservationists have made some attempts to reintroduce it into the country.
  • Dama Gazelle – The history of this Saharan antelope is quite similar to the addax. After being hunted to local extinction, it was then later reintroduced into the country in an effort to preserve it.
  • Mediterranean Monk Seal – Once common throughout the Mediterranean Sea, this seal is now seldom seen near the shores of Tunisia. Less than 700 remain in the wild.

The Addax is an extremely rare deer due to unregulated hunting and poaching, although it is a common species in captivity. It is the most desert-adapted African antelope with a weight between 220 to 300 pounds, a height of 4 feet, and long spiraled horns. Current efforts to restore their populations in Tunisia are ongoing.

The Rarest Animal In Tunisia

The serval is a wild cat only found in Africa. They have a small population in Tunisia and prefer wetter habitats where the rodent population is higher. They have a lifespan of 10 years in the wild, although that is doubled when in captivity. Servals stand at 2 feet tall, with weights between 17 to 40 pounds, with males being heavier than females. Although they are currently not listed as endangered, their habitat is in danger. Servals were reintroduced to Feijda National Park in Tunisia.

The Largest Animals In Tunisia

The Barbary stag, also known as the Atlas deer and the African elk, is the only species of surviving deer native to North Africa. It lives in the humid, dense forests of Tunisia. This stag is an herbivore and survives on plants and leaves. With weights between 180 and 240 pounds, and heights of up to almost 4 feet, it is smaller than a typical red deer.

The Barbary Lion, which was once one of the largest animals to exist in Tunisia, is now extinct. Also referred to as the African lion, the Berber lion, the Atlas lion, and the Egyptian lion, it lived off of the Barbary Coast of North Africa in the deserts and mountains. They were once one of the largest lion sub-species with weights of 507 pounds and standing at almost 3.5 feet at the shoulder. These lions are now only found in zoos and in an effort to preserve them are in protective breeding programs.

Tunisian Animals


The hooves of the addax are splayed and have flat, springy soles, one of the adaptations that help it walk over sand.

Admiral Butterfly

Stunningly beautiful wings

American Cockroach

Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Renew their horns every year!

Aoudad Sheep

More aoudad sheep live in the United States than in their original North African habitat.


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.


There are over 1768 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species

Beewolf wasp

They hunt bees


Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brazilian Treehopper

“Mild-Mannered Minimonsters”

Brown-banded Cockroach

Females glue egg cases to furniture

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!


Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin


Can survive without water for 10 months!


Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Carpet Viper

The Carpet Viper probably bites and kills more people than any other species of snake.


May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


There are more than 160 different species!


The fastest land mammal in the world!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


There are more than 2 000 known species!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.


They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.


There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


Have changed little in 200 million years!


A group of these birds is called a Murder.

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.

Devil’s Coach Horse Beetle

The Devil’s coach horse beetle can emit a noxious substance to deter predators


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!

Dried Fruit Moth

In the event of adverse environmental conditions, dried fruit moth larvae will become dormant and stop developing.


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Egyptian Cobra (Egyptian Asp)

The Egyptian cobra is one of the largest cobras in Africa.

Egyptian Vulture

They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.

Electric Catfish

The electric catfish can discharge an electric shock up to 450 volts


Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Elephant Shrew

Found exclusively on the African continent!

Eurasian Bullfinch

The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.

European Bee-Eater

They can eat up to 250 bees per day!

European Goldfinch

They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.

European Polecat

Its fur changes color in the winter!

European Robin

Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.


The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world


Sleeps on just one leg!


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air


There are more than 240,000 different species!


Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world


Named for the Arabic word for love poems


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!


Originally known as the Desert Rat!

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!


Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


Most closely related to the Sheep!


The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.

Golden Eagle

Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Gypsy Moth

One of the most invasive species in the world


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horned Viper

Horned vipers sidewind across the desert sands of their home.


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


The fly has no teeth


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are four different species!


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!


There are an estimated 30 million species!


The jacana has the ability to swim underwater

Jack Crevalle

One of the biggest species in the Caranx genus


Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Has 10 pairs of eyes!


The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.


Will only live in wet areas


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!


There are around 260 known species!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Northern Pintail

Northern pintails migrate at night with speeds reaching 48 miles per hour!

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees


Can live for up to 100 years!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pompano Fish

They are bottom-feeders

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 300 different species!


Omnivores that eat anything!

Red Deer

A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.


They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs


It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rock Python

Rock pythons may have crossbred with the escaped Burmese pythons in Florida.


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


Will mate with the entire flock!

Ruddy Duck

Ruddy duck breeding males have bright blue bills!

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Sand Viper

Sand vipers are nuisance snakes in some areas.


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Short-Eared Owl

The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.


The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 4,000 known species worldwide

Song Thrush

A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


The Spinosaurus is the biggest carnivorous dinosaur ever discovered!


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


They can’t sing like other birds.

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


Some theropods had feathers and may have been ancestors of modern birds.

Thornback Ray

The skate with the biggest spines!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted


Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!


Doesn’t have eyes.


They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.


There are around 75 different species!


The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!


The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!

Tunisian Animals List

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About the Author

Melissa Bauernfeind was born in NYC and got her degree in Journalism from Boston University. She lived in San Diego for 10 years and is now back in NYC. She loves adventure and traveling the world with her husband but always misses her favorite little man, "P", half Chihuahua/half Jack Russell, all trouble. She got dive-certified so she could dive with the Great White Sharks someday and is hoping to swim with the Orcas as well.

Animals In Tunisia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Tunisia?

Tunisia is home to dozens of different species of mammals, including antelopes, bats, rodents, foxes, wild cats, and hyenas, as well as snakes and reptiles. But the country is particularly rich in all kinds of birds, including waterfowl, larks, warblers, and birds of prey.

What dangerous animals live in Tunisia?

Tunisia is home to several species of snakes and scorpions. While wolves and hyenas can be dangerous in certain circumstances, actual attacks on people are exceptionally rare.

What is the national animal of Tunisia?

Tunisia was never given an official national animal by the government, but it does have traditional cultural symbols like the dromedary.

Are there bears in Tunisia?

Tunisia was once home to the Atlas bear, a unique subspecies of the brown bear. During Roman times, thousands of these bears were hunted for traditional sport or forced to fight in the arena. The invention of firearms also had a calamitous effect on the remaining population numbers. They were officially declared extinct by the 19th century.

Are there elephants in Tunisia?

The entire region was once home to the North African elephant. These were the famous elephants that Hannibal used to cross the Alps during the Punic Wars against Rome. However, these elephants became extinct around 100 AD, probably from overexploitation.