Below you can find a complete list of Tunisian animals. We currently track 141 animals in Tunisia and are adding more every day!
Tunisia is a small North African country, situated between Algeria to the west, Libya to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. Historically it was the seat of the Carthaginian Empire, still remembered today for its rivalry with Rome. The coast of Tunisia is marked by a pleasant Mediterranean climate and plenty of rich farmland, while the interior is mostly comprised of dry deserts and hills. One of the longest ranges is the Tunisian Dorsal or High Tell. It’s comprised of low rolling hills that extend from the Saharan Atlas mountains of Algeria. The country is also rich in wetlands and forests (although much of this has been converted into farms).
The Official National (State) Animal of Tunisia
Tunisia doesn’t necessarily have a national animal, but it does have a few traditional symbols, including the dromedary, which, unlike the camel, only has one hump.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Tunisia
Tuisia has set aside some 17 unique national parks to protect its natural wildlife.
- Ichkeul National Park, which derives its name from the nearby lake, is located just outside the city of Bizerte, near the northernmost point in all of Africa. This wetland area was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its importance as a winter bird sanctuary. Among the most interesting birds here are the graylag goose, coot, and wigeon.
- The Zembra and Zembretta National Park encompass two Mediterranean islands located in the Gulf of Tunisia. Officially declared an important UNESO Biosphere Reserve in 1977, the park hosts thousands of migrating birds every year, including the threatened Mediterranean shearwater.
- The El Feidja National Park, located in the northwest governorate of Jendouba, encompasses almost 7,000 acres of forests, mountains, and natural springs and lakes. Visitors might be able to find the Barbary stag, Barbary boar, African golden wolf, and other mammals here.
- Chambi National Park, located in the western Kasserine governorate, is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve surrounded by the country’s highest peak, Mount Chambi, which rises some 5,000 feet above sea level. Here one can find the Barbary sheep, Cuvier’s gazelle, Egyptian vulture, peregrine falcon, Tunisian crossbill, Bonelli’s eagle, and plenty of reptiles and snakes.
- Finally, the Boukornine National Park, located less than 10 miles away from the capital city of Tunis, encompasses nearly 5,000 acres of Aleppo cedar and pine forests at the foothills of the Jebel Boukornine. Both the mountain gazelles and Etruscans shrews (one of the smallest mammals in the world) are found here.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Tunisia Today
The dry arid regions of Tunisia are home to several kinds of dangerous wildlife that pose a risk to people’s health. They should be avoided at all costs.
- Horned Viper – Easily identified by the presence of unique horns above the eyes, the horned viper will sometimes lie submerged in the sand, waiting for prey to come by. The venom itself can cause pain, swelling, nausea, vomiting, and necrosis, and death can sometimes occur if the venom is left untreated.
- Egyptian Cobra – These reptiles are easily identified from its large hood and its brown and black-colored body. The toxic venom affects the nervous system by stopping the nerves from signaling each other. In the short term, it can cause several unpleasant symptoms such as pain, swelling, blistering, and dizziness. Death can occur in untreated cases from complete respiratory failure.
- Fat-tailed Scorpion – While generally not too aggressive, the fat-tailed scorpion should be completely avoided. The venom can result in pain, swelling, and internal bleeding. If left untreated, it can eventually lead to heart or respiratory failure.
Endangered Animals in Tunisia
Over the centuries, hunting and habitat loss (particularly from the spread of agriculture and farmland) have taken their toll on the local wildlife. While the country has made great strides in extending the protection of its animals, the following species are still endangered.
- Rhim Gazelle – This endangered species has been hunted relentlessly for sport and for its meat and horns. It’s also losing habitat at a precipitous rate. It’s estimated that no more than 2,500 individuals now remain in the wild.
- Addrax – Also known as the white antelope or the screwhorn antelope, this species is native to the Sahara Desert. At some point in the recent past, it became completely extinct from Tunisia as a result of overhunting and habitat loss. More recently, conservationists have made some attempts to reintroduce it into the country.
- Dama Gazelle – The history of this Saharan antelope is quite similar to the addrax. After being hunted to local extinction, it was then later reintroduced into the country in an effort to preserve it.
- Mediterranean Monk Seal – Once common throughout the Mediterranean Sea, this seal is now seldom seen near the shores of Tunisia. Less than 700 remain in the wild.
Tunisian Animals List
- American Cockroach
- Banana Spider
- Barn Owl
- Barn Swallow
- Black Widow Spider
- Carpenter Ant
- Common Buzzard
- Common House Spider
- Common Raven
- Crab Spider
- Desert Locust
- Dung Beetle
- Elephant Shrew
- False Widow Spider
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Mole Cricket
- Monitor Lizard
- No See Ums
- Orb Weaver
- Peregrine Falcon
- Puss Moth
- River Turtle
- Skink Lizard
- Spider Wasp
- Stick Insect
- Striped Hyena
- Tarantula Hawk
- Tiger Beetle
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Wolf Spider
- Woodlouse Spider
Animals in Tunisia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Tunisia?
Tunisia is home to dozens of different species of mammals, including antelopes, bats, rodents, foxes, wild cats, and hyenas, as well as snakes and reptiles. But the country is particularly rich in all kinds of birds, including waterfowl, larks, warblers, and birds of prey.
What dangerous animals live in Tunisia?
What is the national animal of Tunisia?
Tunisia was never given an official national animal by the government, but it does have traditional cultural symbols like the dromedary.
Are there bears in Tunisia?
Tunisia was once home to the Atlas bear, a unique subspecies of the brown bear. During Roman times, thousands of these bears were hunted for traditional sport or forced to fight in the arena. The invention of firearms also had a calamitous effect on the remaining population numbers. They were officially declared extinct by the 19th century.
Are there elephants in Tunisia?
The entire region was once home to the North African elephant. These were the famous elephants that Hannibal used to cross the Alps during the Punic Wars against Rome. However, these elephants became extinct around 100 AD, probably from overexploitation.