Animals native to Algeria may not be what you’d expect in an African country.
The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria is a North African nation that sports a Mediterranean coastline. Ecologically diverse, Algeria’s wildlife traverses arid regions, chotts, mountains, and wetlands.
Common Algeria Animals
Barbary macaques are one of the few animals native to Algeria. Unfortunately, the monkey is Endangered under the IUCN Red List. Poaching, population fragmentation, and habitat destruction are to blame.
Common fish species in Algeria include sharks, marlins, makos, hammerheads, and mackerels. Sahara frogs, European green toads, and North African fire salamanders rank high among the nation’s reptiles. Plus, Algeria’s insect population is healthy.
Birdwatching in Algeria
Endangered Animals in Algeria
Below is a partial list of endangered animals in Algeria.
|Animal||Scientific Name||IUCN Red List Classification|
|Barbary macaque||Macaca sylvanus||Endangered|
|European rabbit||Oryctolagus cuniculus||Endangered|
|Long-fingered bat||Myotis capaccinii||Vulnerable|
|Greater noctule bat||Nyctalus lasiopterus||Vulnerable|
|Mediterranean horseshoe bat||Rhinolophus euryale||Near Threatened|
|Mehely’s horseshoe bat||Rhinolophus mehelyi||Vulnerable|
|Fin whale||Balaenoptera physalus||Vulnerable|
|Blue whale||Balaenoptera musculus||Endangered|
|Sperm whale or cachalot||Physeter macrocephalus||Endangered|
|Northwest African cheetah||Acinonyx jubatus hecki||Critically Endangered|
|African wild dog||Lycaon pictus||Endangered|
|Eurasian otter||Lutra lutra||Near Threatened|
|Mediterranean monk seal||Monachus monachus||Endangered|
|Cuvier’s gazelle||Gazella cuvieri||Vulnerable|
|Dorcas gazelle||Gazella dorcas||Vulnerable|
|Rhim gazelle||Gazella leptoceros||Endangered|
|Dama gazelle||Nanger dama||Critically Endangered|
|Barbary sheep||Ammotragus lervia||Vulnerable|
Extinct Animals in Algeria
As is the case with all countries, hundreds of animals from earlier epochs have gone extinct in Algeria. Over the past few centuries, scientists have added several species to the locally extinct animals in Algeria list. Examples include:
What is the national animal of Algeria? It’s the Fennec fox, also known as the “desert fox.” The adorable animals, with their giant ears and petite bodies, are a beloved national symbol. In fact, the nickname for the nation’s football team is Les Fennecs.
Most Dangerous Animals in Algeria
What are the most dangerous animals here? Unlike other African nations, Algeria’s dangerous animals aren’t the behemoths — buffalo, hippos, and rhinos. But the country does have a few minacious beasts lurking about, including:
Below you can find a complete list of Algerian animals. We currently track 116 animals in Algeria and are adding more every day!
Algerian Animals List
- African Wild Dog
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Common Buzzard
- Desert Locust
- Elephant Shrew
- Fennec Fox
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Honey Bee
- Monitor Lizard
- Peregrine Falcon
- Puss Moth
- River Turtle
- Rock Hyrax
- Scimitar-horned Oryx
- Stick Insect
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Wolf Spider