Below you can find a complete list of Mauritanian animals. We currently track 134 animals in Mauritania and are adding more every day!
Mauritania is a country located in western Africa. This country is 75 percent desert with plains and sand dunes making up the remaining 25 percent. Also, Mauritania is bordered by the northern Atlantic Ocean. Some of the animals in Mauritania are plentiful while others are endangered or even on the verge of becoming extinct. A few of the most well-known animals native to Africa and living in the country of Mauritania include gazelles, panthers, hyenas, sand cats, cheetahs, and warthogs. There are 573 species of birds, over 260 species of mammals, 86 species of reptiles, 30 species of amphibians, and 676 species of fish.
The Official National Animal of Mauritania
The official national animal of Mauritania is the African wild cat Felis lybica Incidently, the European wild cat is a subspecies of the African wild cat. These cats are native to Africa. This mammal is hardy and built to endure the harsh elements of a desert and scrubland habitat. So, it makes for a strong national symbol for this country. They symbolize wisdom and endurance in addition to strength.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Mauritania
The majority of Mauritania has an arid desert environment. So, the unique wildlife living in this country must be well-equipped to live in such a harsh habitat. Discover where to find some of the top wild animals in Mauritania.
- Cheetah – The cheetah, also known as the fastest mammal on earth, lives in bushy regions and the plains of Mauritania.
- Warthog – These mammals are cousins to pigs and live in a semi-arid region. They go into abandoned aardvark dens to keep cool in the heat of the day.
- Addra gazelle – The Addra is the biggest type of gazelle and lives in the Saharan desert in Mauritania. In the wet season, these gazelles live in the desert while in the dry season they migrate to scrublands.
- Hyena – This dog-like native of Africa lives in the open plains and scrublands in the northern part of Mauritania. This animal is a scavenger that depends on eating the leftovers of wildlife killed by cheetahs and other larger mammals.
- African lions – This familiar native of Africa lives in savannas and grasslands as well as the semi-arid areas of Mauritania.
- North African ostrich – This unique animal is the largest living bird in the world. These birds live in the dry scrublands of Mauritania among other habitats in Africa.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Mauritania Today
Africa has many of the world’s most dangerous animals. The country of Mauritania is home to a few of those animals. The most dangerous animals in Mauritania include:
- Scorpion Buthus occitanus – have a body measuring about three inches with a long, sharp stinger. The stinger of a scorpion contains enough venom to kill a young child or elderly person. They stay hidden most of the time so when a person is stung it’s usually because they reach into the animal’s hiding place. There are an estimated 5,000 deaths from scorpion stings each year.
- Snake – This 40-inch-long snake is responsible for the most snakebite deaths throughout Africa. These snakes can remain still for hours at a time on branches or in the bushes, so people are often bitten before they even see the reptile. Their bite can cause hemorrhaging, swelling, muscle damage, and death. The question of whether an adder bite is deadly depends on how much venom the person received and the time it takes to get treatment for the bite.
- Sahara sand viper – This venomous snake gets its name from its habit of hiding in the sand watching for prey. They are known to bite humans especially if someone is walking in the desert and doesn’t see the snake. Though their venom is relatively weak compared to other venomous snakes, they do have a painful (though not deadly) bite.
- Black-necked spitting cobra – Some of these snakes can reach a length of 7 feet. They live up to their name with the ability to spit venom up to 23 feet! Though their venom is not known to be deadly to humans, it does do other types of damage. A person hit in the eye with this snake’s venom can go blind if their eyes are not rinsed very quickly.
Endangered Animals in Mauritania
Unfortunately, some of the unique wildlife in Mauritania is considered Endangered and at risk of going extinct. However, in some cases, specific conservation efforts in the form of laws and education are being introduced to keep certain species from becoming extinct. Some examples of endangered animals in Mauritania include:
- Mediterranean monk seal
- African straw-colored fruit bat
- West African manatee
- Atlantic humpbacked dolphin
- Barbary sheep
Mauritanian Animals List
- African Civet
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Bush Baby
- Common Buzzard
- Crab Spider
- Desert Locust
- Elephant Shrew
- Fennec Fox
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Guinea Fowl
- Honey Badger
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Monitor Lizard
- Nile Crocodile
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- River Turtle
- Senegal Parrot
- Skink Lizard
- Stick Insect
- Striped Hyena
- Sulcata Tortoise
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Mauritania FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Mauritania?
Some of the unique mammals that live in the desert habitat of Mauritania include cheetahs, warthogs, hyenas, ostriches, African wildcats, lions, and gazelles.
Some examples of reptiles dangerous and not-so-dangerous living in this western African country include puff adders, Sahara sand vipers, African chameleons, Black-necked spitting cobras, and the West African crocodile. A scorpion is an Arthropod that lives in Mauritania.
Birds living in this west African country include the ostrich, the Kordofan lark, the Sudan golden sparrow, and the Arabian bustard.
This country is bordered by the northern Atlantic Ocean, so it is also home to some fish and marine life. This includes Atlantic sailfish, Atlantic bluefin tuna, and whale sharks just to name a few.