Animals in Bahamas

Below you can find a complete list of Bahamian animals. We currently track 172 animals in Bahamas and are adding more every day!

If you are an animal lover, you may want to go to the Bahamas on vacation as several animals are found nowhere else on earth to see. These include at least 10 bird species, two snake species, several bats, and other animals. Animals in the Bahamas face unique challenges because of human development causing loss of habitat, farmers killing them to protect their crops, and illegal poaching for tourists. When you go, take precautions to protect the environment so that you do not become part of the problem.

The Official National Animal of the Bahamas

The official national animal of the Bahamas is the flamingo. If you want to see flamingos, then head to Inagua Island as about 50,000 flamingos live on this 287-square-mile island. The government has even set up a special guard unit to protect the flamingos and fauna.

The Roseate or West Indian flamingos were once very endangered because they were captured and sold to passing tourists. The tourists did not understand how to care for the birds on their long boat trips. Therefore, they died. The government took actions, including making this the national bird, to protect the fauna.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in the Bahamas

Since the Bahamas consists of more than 700 islands, it is vital to develop a plan to see the top wild animals, birds, and snakes in the Bahamas. There are many types of Bahamian wildlife, including birds, to explore. Many tourist attractions have been set up so that you can easily view the most popular wildlife, including bird tours, while other wildlife in the Bahamas, you will have to work harder to see.

  • Exumas Pigs – While no one is exactly sure how the Exumas pigs got to the Bahamas, swimming with them on Big Major Cay is a favorite pastime of residents and tourists alike.
  • Sandy Cay Rock Iguana – Head to the white sandy beaches of Sandy Cay to see the Sandy Cay rock iguanas.
  • Flamingos – Plan a stop at the Lake Rosa salt pans to see flamingos.
  • Atlantic spotted and bottlenose dolphins – Try going on a sailing adventure near Bimini, the Bahamas, and you may find yourself surrounded by Atlantic spotted and bottlenose dolphins.
  • Eleuthera turtles – Go on a kayaking adventure in Winding Bay near Half Moon to see Eleuthera turtles swimming near your vessel.
  • Nurse sharks – Nurse sharks can often be seen at Compass Cay.
  • Spider crabs – See spider crabs by visiting the Crab Replenishment Reserve, near Andros, the Bahamas.
  • Abaco Parrots – See the white-head Abaco parrots by visiting Abaco and Great Inagua islands.

The Most Dangerous Animals in the Bahamas Today

While most wild animals in the Bahamas are perfectly safe. There are no poisonous snakes in the Bahamas. Animals that you will want to be cautious around include:

  • Ticks – There are scattered reports of ticks carrying Lyme disease around Nassau.
  • Dogs – Dog bites can happen in the Bahamas, but you are twice as likely to be hit by a car as bitten by a dog.
  • Mosquitoes – Mosquitoes can carry diseases because they can pass along the Zika virus.

Endangered Animals in the Bahamas

The Bahamas are home to many types of endangered animals. Some are endangered because people are infringing on their habitat and dividing it into small parcels, which prevents animals from having a large enough gene pool to survive. Others are endangered because farmers take steps to kill them so that they do not ruin their livelihood. Others are endangered because poachers try to catch them and sell them to tourists. Endangered animals include:

  • Jamaican Petrel
  • Conception bank silver boa
  • Roundnose Grenadier
  • Bahama muthatch
  • Bahama oriole
  • Turks and Caicos rock iguana
  • Exuma rock iguana
  • Allen Cays rock iguana
  • White Cay rock iguana
  • San Salvador rock iguana

Bahamian Animals

Anole Lizard

There are just under 400 species, several of which change color.

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Armadillo

Can curl into a hard, protective ball!

Armyworm

They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.

Bee

Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Blacknose Shark

When threatened, Blacknose sharks raise their head, arch their back, and lower their pectoral fins.

Booby

Seabirds found across the South Pacific!

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors

Burrowing Owl

The burrowing owl lives in underground burrows

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 17,500 species!

Caecilian

Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chestnut-Sided Warbler

They inhabit regrowing forests

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Collared Peccary

Form bands of up to 12 individuals!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Cricket

Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Dubia Cockroach

The most popular species of feeder roach

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Dusky Shark

The Dusky Shark sometimes eats trash discarded by humans.

Dwarf Boa

Some species can change color from dark to light, and back again.

Earthworm

They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Firefly

The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world

Flamingo

Sleeps on just one leg!

Flea

Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world

Gar

Can grow to more than 3m long!

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Gnat

Males form large mating swarms at dusk

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Guppy

Also known as the Millionfish!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Harpy Eagle

Talon's the size of a grizzly bear's claws!

Harris Hawk

Their vision is eight times better than a human's

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.

Hercules Beetle

This dynastine scarab beetle makes a weird huffing sound when it’s disturbed.

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Housefly

The fly has no teeth

Howler Monkey

Spends 80% of it's time resting!

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Hummingbird

Beat their wings up to 80 times per second!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Iguana

Uses visual signals to communicate!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jacana

The jacana has the ability to swim underwater

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leech

Has 10 pairs of eyes!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Lone Star Tick

Only females have the ‘lone star’ marking

Macaw

The largest species of parrot in the world!

Maggot

Will only live in wet areas

Magnolia Warbler

They line their nests with fungi strands

Marine Toad

Produces a toxin used in arrow darts!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.

Molly

Known for their calm and peaceful nature!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mountain Lion

Has no real natural predators!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Ocelot

Also known as the Painted Leopard!

Orange-Crowned Warbler

Often mistaken for the Tennessee Warblers, which are equally dull.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Owl

The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees

Panther

Prefers to hunt at night than during the day!

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pit Viper

Pit vipers's fangs fold up into their mouths when they don't need them.

Poison Dart Frog

Inhabits the jungles of Central and South America!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.

Puma

Has longer back legs than front legs!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Quetzal

The tail feathers of the male can be 1m long!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rattlesnake

It's venom digests it's prey before it even swallows it!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Rooster

Will mate with the entire flock!

Roseate Spoonbill

The only Spoonbill in the western hemisphere!

Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

Ruby-throated hummingbirds can beat their wings more than 50 times per second.

Saber-Toothed Tiger

Canines up to 7 inches long!

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sharp-Shinned Hawk

In captivity, sharp-shinned hawks can live up to 13 years. However, in the wild, this number is significantly reduced to 3 years!

Shrew

The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Sloth

It's body temperature is between 30 - 34 degrees!

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snapping Turtle

Only found in North America!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Summer Tanager

They remove bee stingers by rubbing them against a tree

Surgeonfish

Paracanthurus hepatus, the palette surgeonfish or bluetang, is the only member of its genus

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tick

They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Toucan

There are more than 40 different species!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Turkey

Closely related to pheasants and chickens!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Umbrellabird

Migrates up and down the mountains!

Vampire Bat

Have a heat sensor on the end of their nose!

Vinegaroon

Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Western Tanager

They migrate farther north than any other tanager.

White-Eyed Vireo

During courtship, males put on exciting displays by fluffing their plumage, spreading their tails, and letting out a whining call.

White-Faced Capuchin

One of the world's most intelligent monkeys!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Worm

Doesn’t have eyes.

Bahamian Animals List

Animals in Bahamas FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What kind of animals live in the Bahamas?

Many different types of unique animals live in the Bahamas. Some of them are unique marine species that live around the 700 islands. People often come to this location to swim with dolphins and to see the iguanas. Since there are no venomous snakes, it is easier to see wildlife in the Bahamas.

What dangerous animals live in the Bahamas?

Very few dangerous animals live in the Bahamas. The most dangerous may be the mosquitoes as some carry diseases. Even if you do not get sick from their bite, they can leave your skin itchy. There may have been extinct wildlife that was dangerous, but those are no longer a threat.

Are there monkeys in the Bahamas?

There are no endemic Bahamian monkeys. Yet, you may see monkeys when you visit these islands. There are only four islands in the Caribbean where you can see monkeys. If you want to see them, then go to St. Kitts, Nevis, Saint Martain, or Barbados.

Are there alligators in the Bahamas?

No, Bahamians do not have any alligators that live on their islands. If you read historical fauna reports, then there may have been alligators who lived on Acklins, Eleuthera, Grand Bahama, Mayaguana, New Providence, and San Salvador at one time, but they are extinct now. Unfortunately, these species have since disappeared, and scientists know very little about them since they went extinct by the early 1800s.