Animals in Armenia

Below you can find a complete list of Armenian animals. We currently track 152 animals in Armenia and are adding more every day!

Armenia is a country in Asia and lies just south of the great mountain range of the Caucasus. It fronts the northwestern extremity of Asia. Armenia is bounded by Georgia and Azerbaijan to the north and east. Armenia’s fauna is consists of over 12,000 animals, though a great majority (11,000) are insects. Still, with 75 different mammals, it is relatively common to come upon a wild boar or goat.

Meanwhile, to the southeast and west, its neighbors are Iran and Turkey respectively. Farm activities and fishing are quite prominent in Armenia, and many endangered animals are protected from being hunted. Unfortunately, some conservations came too late for several species that are now extinct.

The Official National Animal of Armenia

The official national animal of Armenia is the Golden Eagle. The Golden Eagle is incredibly fast and it can use this speed to effectively hunt its prey. They use their sharp claws to catch rabbits, ground squirrels, marmots, and similarly small mammals. These birds also browse the freshwater areas in hopes of fishing themselves some dinner, though they will go after reptiles and larger insects as well.

Golden Eagles have large eyes, giving them a unique shape to their head. This enables these eagles to see clearly and in color. This helps them to spot movement from quite a distance.

Much of the reason that Armenia chose the Golden Eagle as their national animal is for the symbolism it offers, standing for the courage, nobility, patience, wisdom, and power of all animals. These characteristics embody Armenians, representing their powerful qualities as well. Since it is named the national animal, it is currently protected by law.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Armenia

Armenia is rich with endemic wildlife, making the home to wild boar, many different reptiles, and even a large number of endangered species. Even though the country spans a relatively small area in Asia, the mountainous terrain has created many habitats for wild animals and migratory birds.

  • Golden eagle: These birds are unique and majestic and can be found in Mexico, Alaska, Asia, Northern America, and Europe. These are also the national animals of Armenia. The golden eagles can be spotted in the mountains and cliffs of Armenia.
  • Steppe eagle: These eagles were once bred in Europe but can also be found in China, Mongolia, Russia as well as Kazakhstan. In Armenia, these eagles can be spotted in mountain steppes, farm areas, and orchards. They love being around the fauna of Armenia.
  • Wild goat: Wild goats can be found inhabiting the forests, shrublands, and rocky areas of Armenia.
  • Syrian brown bear: The Syrian brown bears are found in the mountainous areas of Armenia. They hunt for fruits in this area and also hibernate in the tree hollows and caves.

Anyone that wants to see these animals in their natural habitat should be cautious as they immerse themselves in the forests and mountain areas. Due to the heavy agricultural activities in the area, many locals will set up a farm in areas where their livestock can graze at the bottom of these mountains.

If you want to experience some unique fishing options, visit the Armenian Lake Sevan, which is rich with freshwater trout that many consider being a delicacy.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Armenia Today

Considering the wildlife that is naturally found in Armenia, it shouldn’t be surprising that there are a few animals to steer clear of. For the most part, these animals prefer to stay away from humans anyway, but they may feel threatened if a human is near.

  • Snakes: Armenia has 22 species of snakes. Out of these, 4 snake species are known to be dangerous and poisonous.
  • Golden eagle: The golden eagles are known to be powerful enough to kill a man. However, there have been very rare incidents of them doing that.
  • Wild goats: Wild goats are known to be unpredictable so humans should stay a little away from them.
  • Syrian brown bears: Syrian brown bears are known to be dangerous to humans especially if the bear feels that a person is coming between the mother bear and her cub(s).

The best way to remain safe is to stay in populated areas of Armenia where these animals are less common. Some animals – like the Asiatic lion – are now extinct in the area as the result of hunting and poaching, even though they were only dangerous to individuals that didn’t steer clear.

Endangered Animals in Armenia

Like all other places, some animals are endangered in Armenia as well. Some others have been washed out of existence and are now extinct. Some of them are:

  • Syrian brown bear
  • Bezoar goat
  • Caucasian leopard
  • Caucasian lynx

These animals are either eaten by their respective predators or face threat from human activities like industrialization and urbanization which has eventually led them to be endangered.

Armenian Animals

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Armyworm

They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mink

The mink can swim up to 100 feet underwater.

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Armenian Animals List

Animals in Armenia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Armenia?

Some of the wildlife animals in Armenia include the Syrian brown bear, Bezoar goat, Caucasian leopard, Caucasian lynx, Golden Eagle, and the steppe eagle. The wolf is also a popular animal in this region, though finding snakes and other small mammals is fairly likely amongst the many habitats.

Are there wolves in Armenia?

According to the Armenian Ministry of Nature Protection, the wolf is currently a major threat to many endangered species in the country. Current reports indicate that 500 to 700 wolves currently exist in the region.

Are there tigers in Armenia?

Tigers can be found in the zoos of Armenia. Last year, people also saw cubs roaming around on the streets of some cities in Armenia. Officials say that the wolf population has continued to grow, but there are no protections for it.

Are there crocodiles in Armenia?

Yes, there are some unique Armenian crocodiles in the country.