Animals in Armenia

Below you can find a complete list of Armenian animals. We currently track 135 animals in Armenia and are adding more every day!

Armenia is a country in Asia and lies just south of the great mountain range of the Caucasus. It fronts the northwestern extremity of Asia. Armenia is bounded by Georgia and Azerbaijan to the north and east. Armenia’s fauna is consists of over 12,000 animals, though a great majority (11,000) are insects. Still, with 75 different mammals, it is relatively common to come upon a wild boar or goat.

Meanwhile, to the southeast and west, its neighbors are Iran and Turkey respectively. Farm activities and fishing are quite prominent in Armenia, and many endangered animals are protected from being hunted. Unfortunately, some conservations came too late for several species that are now extinct.

The Official National Animal of Armenia

The official national animal of Armenia is the Golden Eagle. The Golden Eagle is incredibly fast and it can use this speed to effectively hunt its prey. They use their sharp claws to catch rabbits, ground squirrels, marmots, and similarly small mammals. These birds also browse the freshwater areas in hopes of fishing themselves some dinner, though they will go after reptiles and larger insects as well.

Golden Eagles have large eyes, giving them a unique shape to their head. This enables these eagles to see clearly and in color. This helps them to spot movement from quite a distance.

Much of the reason that Armenia chose the Golden Eagle as their national animal is for the symbolism it offers, standing for the courage, nobility, patience, wisdom, and power of all animals. These characteristics embody Armenians, representing their powerful qualities as well. Since it is named the national animal, it is currently protected by law.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Armenia

Armenia is rich with endemic wildlife, making the home to wild boar, many different reptiles, and even a large number of endangered species. Even though the country spans a relatively small area in Asia, the mountainous terrain has created many habitats for wild animals and migratory birds.

  • Golden eagle: These birds are unique and majestic and can be found in Mexico, Alaska, Asia, Northern America, and Europe. These are also the national animals of Armenia. The golden eagles can be spotted in the mountains and cliffs of Armenia.
  • Steppe eagle: These eagles were once bred in Europe but can also be found in China, Mongolia, Russia as well as Kazakhstan. In Armenia, these eagles can be spotted in mountain steppes, farm areas, and orchards. They love being around the fauna of Armenia.
  • Wild goat: Wild goats can be found inhabiting the forests, shrublands, and rocky areas of Armenia.
  • Syrian brown bear: The Syrian brown bears are found in the mountainous areas of Armenia. They hunt for fruits in this area and also hibernate in the tree hollows and caves.

Anyone that wants to see these animals in their natural habitat should be cautious as they immerse themselves in the forests and mountain areas. Due to the heavy agricultural activities in the area, many locals will set up a farm in areas where their livestock can graze at the bottom of these mountains.

If you want to experience some unique fishing options, visit the Armenian Lake Sevan, which is rich with freshwater trout that many consider being a delicacy.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Armenia Today

Considering the wildlife that is naturally found in Armenia, it shouldn’t be surprising that there are a few animals to steer clear of. For the most part, these animals prefer to stay away from humans anyway, but they may feel threatened if a human is near.

  • Snakes: Armenia has 22 species of snakes. Out of these, 4 snake species are known to be dangerous and poisonous.
  • Golden eagle: The golden eagles are known to be powerful enough to kill a man. However, there have been very rare incidents of them doing that.
  • Wild goats: Wild goats are known to be unpredictable so humans should stay a little away from them.
  • Syrian brown bears: Syrian brown bears are known to be dangerous to humans especially if the bear feels that a person is coming between the mother bear and her cub(s).

The best way to remain safe is to stay in populated areas of Armenia where these animals are less common. Some animals – like the Asiatic lion – are now extinct in the area as the result of hunting and poaching, even though they were only dangerous to individuals that didn’t steer clear.

Endangered Animals in Armenia

Like all other places, some animals are endangered in Armenia as well. Some others have been washed out of existence and are now extinct. Some of them are:

  • Syrian brown bear
  • Bezoar goat
  • Caucasian leopard
  • Caucasian lynx

These animals are either eaten by their respective predators or face threat from human activities like industrialization and urbanization which has eventually led them to be endangered.

Armenian Animals

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


There are around 40 different species!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!


Has exceptional eyesight!


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


The fastest creatures on the planet!


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


Some species have a poisonous bite!


The mink can swim up to 100 feet underwater.


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.


There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!


There are 140 different species!


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

More than 1,200 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


Actually a crustacean, not an insect!


There are 200 different species!

Armenian Animals List

Animals in Armenia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Armenia?

Some of the wildlife animals in Armenia include the Syrian brown bear, Bezoar goat, Caucasian leopard, Caucasian lynx, Golden Eagle, and the steppe eagle. The wolf is also a popular animal in this region, though finding snakes and other small mammals is fairly likely amongst the many habitats.

Are there wolves in Armenia?

According to the Armenian Ministry of Nature Protection, the wolf is currently a major threat to many endangered species in the country. Current reports indicate that 500 to 700 wolves currently exist in the region.

Are there tigers in Armenia?

Tigers can be found in the zoos of Armenia. Last year, people also saw cubs roaming around on the streets of some cities in Armenia. Officials say that the wolf population has continued to grow, but there are no protections for it.

Are there crocodiles in Armenia?

Yes, there are some unique Armenian crocodiles in the country.