Below you can find a complete list of Armenian animals. We currently track 219 animals in Armenia and are adding more every day!
Armenia is a country in Asia and lies just south of the great mountain range of the Caucasus. It fronts the northwestern extremity of Asia. Armenia is bounded by Georgia and Azerbaijan to the north and east. Armenia’s fauna is consists of over 12,000 animals, though a great majority (11,000) are insects. Still, with 75 different mammals, it is relatively common to come upon a wild boar or goat.
Meanwhile, to the southeast and west, its neighbors are Iran and Turkey respectively. Farm activities and fishing are quite prominent in Armenia, and many endangered animals are protected from being hunted. Unfortunately, some conservations came too late for several species that are now extinct.
The Official National Animal of Armenia
The official national animal of Armenia is the Golden Eagle. The Golden Eagle is incredibly fast and it can use this speed to effectively hunt its prey. They use their sharp claws to catch rabbits, ground squirrels, marmots, and similarly small mammals. These birds also browse the freshwater areas in hopes of fishing themselves some dinner, though they will go after reptiles and larger insects as well.
Golden Eagles have large eyes, giving them a unique shape to their head. This enables these eagles to see clearly and in color. This helps them to spot movement from quite a distance.
Much of the reason that Armenia chose the Golden Eagle as their national animal is for the symbolism it offers, standing for the courage, nobility, patience, wisdom, and power of all animals. These characteristics embody Armenians, representing their powerful qualities as well. Since it is named the national animal, it is currently protected by law.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Armenia
Armenia is rich with endemic wildlife, making the home to wild boar, many different reptiles, and even a large number of endangered species. Even though the country spans a relatively small area in Asia, the mountainous terrain has created many habitats for wild animals and migratory birds.
- Golden eagle: These birds are unique and majestic and can be found in Mexico, Alaska, Asia, Northern America, and Europe. These are also the national animals of Armenia. The golden eagles can be spotted in the mountains and cliffs of Armenia.
- Steppe eagle: These eagles were once bred in Europe but can also be found in China, Mongolia, Russia as well as Kazakhstan. In Armenia, these eagles can be spotted in mountain steppes, farm areas, and orchards. They love being around the fauna of Armenia.
- Wild goat: Wild goats can be found inhabiting the forests, shrublands, and rocky areas of Armenia.
- Syrian brown bear: The Syrian brown bears are found in the mountainous areas of Armenia. They hunt for fruits in this area and also hibernate in the tree hollows and caves.
Anyone that wants to see these animals in their natural habitat should be cautious as they immerse themselves in the forests and mountain areas. Due to the heavy agricultural activities in the area, many locals will set up a farm in areas where their livestock can graze at the bottom of these mountains.
If you want to experience some unique fishing options, visit the Armenian Lake Sevan, which is rich with freshwater trout that many consider being a delicacy.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Armenia Today
Considering the wildlife that is naturally found in Armenia, it shouldn’t be surprising that there are a few animals to steer clear of. For the most part, these animals prefer to stay away from humans anyway, but they may feel threatened if a human is near.
- Snakes: Armenia has 22 species of snakes. Out of these, 4 snake species are known to be dangerous and poisonous.
- Golden eagle: The golden eagles are known to be powerful enough to kill a man. However, there have been very rare incidents of them doing that.
- Wild goats: Wild goats are known to be unpredictable so humans should stay a little away from them.
- Syrian brown bears: Syrian brown bears are known to be dangerous to humans especially if the bear feels that a person is coming between the mother bear and her cub(s).
The best way to remain safe is to stay in populated areas of Armenia where these animals are less common. Some animals – like the Asiatic lion – are now extinct in the area as the result of hunting and poaching, even though they were only dangerous to individuals that didn’t steer clear.
Endangered Animals in Armenia
Like all other places, some animals are endangered in Armenia as well. Some others have been washed out of existence and are now extinct. Some of them are:
- Syrian brown bear
- Bezoar goat
- Caucasian leopard
- Caucasian lynx
These animals are either eaten by their respective predators or face threat from human activities like industrialization and urbanization which has eventually led them to be endangered.
The Flag of Armenia
The flag of Armenia consists of three horizontal bands of red, blue, and orange of equal width. The flag was adopted on August 24, 1990, by the Armenian Supreme Soviet and approved by the National Assembly of Armenia on June 15, 2006.
Stunningly beautiful wings
Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Old school owners brush their coats with a rake once or twice a week, preventing major matting.
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
They typically prey on insects!
A dominant predator in it's environment!
Can live its entire life indoors
The most common species of bee!
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
The Caucasian mountain dog may look intimidating, but they are actually gentle, affectionate, and loyal family companions
These former bear-hunting dogs are used today as prison guard dogs in Russia.
There are about 3,000 documented species!
Natively found in the European mountains!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
Found throughout the European continent!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
Also known as the Great Northern Diver
A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.
Most active in wet weather!
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
There are around 40 different species!
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Are known to guard the muddy banks!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.
The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.
The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!
The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds
They can eat up to 250 bees per day!
They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.
Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.
The fastest creatures on the planet!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!
Found across mainland Europe and Asia!
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
The most common type of urban roach
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.
Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 29 different species!
There are 11,000 known species!
One of the most invasive species in the world
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!
While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
Often hangs upside down while feeding!
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
The mink can swim up to 100 feet underwater.
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!
Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
There are more than 5,000 species.
Females are about four times the size of males
The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas
A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.
There are 500 different species!
The rarest amphibian in the UK!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Inhabits deciduous forests!
Caterpillars squirt formic acid!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 300 different species!
Known to wash their food before eating it!
The only hibernating canine!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.
They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe
Will mate with the entire flock!
Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are more than 700 different species!
Males turn green in spring!
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Found widely throughout British gardens!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
One of the largest owl species in the world!
A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.
They spend most of their time underground!
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
They can’t sing like other birds.
The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
The most widespread owl in Europe!
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
The largest Vole species in the UK!
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!
Only the males fly and the females walk.
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
It interbreeds with the pine bunting
Armenian Animals List
Animals in Armenia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Armenia?
Some of the wildlife animals in Armenia include the Syrian brown bear, Bezoar goat, Caucasian leopard, Caucasian lynx, Golden Eagle, and the steppe eagle. The wolf is also a popular animal in this region, though finding snakes and other small mammals is fairly likely amongst the many habitats.
Are there wolves in Armenia?
According to the Armenian Ministry of Nature Protection, the wolf is currently a major threat to many endangered species in the country. Current reports indicate that 500 to 700 wolves currently exist in the region.
Are there tigers in Armenia?
Tigers can be found in the zoos of Armenia. Last year, people also saw cubs roaming around on the streets of some cities in Armenia. Officials say that the wolf population has continued to grow, but there are no protections for it.
Are there crocodiles in Armenia?
Yes, there are some unique Armenian crocodiles in the country.