Below you can find a complete list of Dominican animals. We currently track 209 animals in Dominican Republic and are adding more every day!
Types of Animals in the Dominican Republic
The Dominican Republic is a country on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola. Maintaining a cool, tropical climate over gorgeous mountains and jungles bordered by over 900 miles of coastline, many types of wildlife, both native and introduced, can be found roaming the country. Mammals, such as Hispaniolan Solenodons, Hispaniolan hutias, and common raccoons, coexist along with reptiles like snakes and lizards. Hundreds of bird species, namely the Hispaniolan Emerald hummingbirds, flit through the sky and reside in the trees. Amongst the 20 mammal species found, 2 are native, while 32 bird species are native to the DR.
The Dominican Republic is a resting place for hundreds of transient species migrating in and out, along with the 32 species endemic to the country. Several of the most common birds to see in the DR include:
Terrain in the Dominican Republic is highly diverse, contributing to the diversity of species found there. Because the DR is A few endemic species are particularly rare, including La Selle Thrush (Turdus swalesi) found in the cloud forests along with the Hispaniolan Pewee (Contopus hispaniolensis) and the Bicknell’s Thrush (Catharus bicknelli), both residing in the alpine pine forests.
The Dominican Republic is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the beautiful Caribbean Ocean. The Dominican Republic is highly attractive to anglers all over the world who come in to fish its marine waters. Some popular fish for anglers to find in the country are:
Seasons change for different species’ availability. Mahi Mahi (Dorado) and Wahoo are present year-round and probably the most commonly-caught, both fun and easy to catch. Large, Yellowfin tuna are available between March-August and are hugely popular as a catch-to-eat fish, as some of these fish Amy reach around 400lb.
Probably the most exciting fish drawing anglers to the DR are Blue and White Marlin, followed closely by Sailfish and Swordfish. White Marlin can be found March to July, while Blue Marlin come around in June until October. Blue Marlin have the capacity to reach up to 1,000lb, making it a goal of experienced anglers everywhere to catch one at least once. Sailfish, one of the fastest fish in the world, are more popular during the winter months of November to the beginning of March and Swordfish tend to crop up at the end of summer.
Alternatively, there are many native species found in freshwater sources, as well. A variety of Limia species, Pupfish species, Molly, and Rivulus fish are endemic to the DR’s freshwaters.
The Dominican Republic holds diverse landscapes and gorgeous sites for exploration. Wildlife is abundant throughout the country, found in the air, roaming the forest floors, or in the waters. Only a few species of snakes reside in the DR, none that are lethal to humans. Several species of Boas populate the island, along with Hispaniolan Racers, La Hotte Blind Snake, and Blunt-Headed Tree Snakes. While none of these snakes are specifically lethal, they can still bite humans and may cause irritation. Always seek medical attention when bitten by a snake. While it is exciting to see these different animals, it is always important to be aware of your surroundings and possible dangers.
In summary, common snakes to see in the DR are:
- Hispanoila Boa – Called “Culebra Jaba” by locals; largest snake in the country; found throughout the country. Coloration is brown, gray, black or red
- La Hotte Blind Snake – Small snake living in trees and prefers the rain forest; Green, black, brown or speckled
- Blunt-headed Tree Snake – Central DR in the tropical rainforests; Green or brown in color
The Official National Animal of the Dominican Republic
There are several national animals of the Dominican Republic, so there is no one official national symbol. One national animal is the Palm Chat, a small songbird that nests in large groups on Royal Palm trees. Another is the Hispaniolan hutia (Plagiodontia aedium), the last living native land mammal which is the official national animal of the West Indies of the Dominican Republic.
Another national animal is the Palm Stork (Dolus dominicus). On the shield of the city of Santo Domingo, there are two yellow lions which are symbols of dominion, sovereignty, and energy after the country won its independence three centuries ago. The coat of arms of the city likewise contains two lions as part of its symbols.
National Bird of Dominican Republic
The national bird of Dominican Republic is the palmchat which are located throughout the island. Palmchats are often found together in large groups as they are social birds. Their main diet consists of berries and you can often hear them chattering quite loudly in city parks and gardens.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in the Dominican Republic
The top wild animals in the Dominican Republic are popular wildlife one can see on tours such as the forests of Sierra de Baoruco, by the sea at Boca de Yuma, Macao Beach at Punta Cana as well as national parks and other protected areas. They include unique animals one can only see in the country or on the island of Hispaniola.
The Hispaniolan Hutia (Plagiodontia aedium) is the only living native rodent on Hispaniola and is found in the southwestern part of the Dominican Republic. The Hispaniolan Solenodon (Solenodon paradoxus) is one of two species in the world besides the one in Cuba (Solenodon cubana) and has a wide range in many forest habitats. It can be seen during nocturnal tour outings along with owls and other nightbirds, distinguishable by its side-to-side waddle. Its primary, native predators are the Barn Owl, the Ashy-Faced Owl, the Stygian Owl, the Hispaniolan Boa, but it’s also killed by feral and domesticated dogs.
Among other nocturnal animals is the Greater Bulldog Bat (Noctilio leporinus), the largest bat on the island with a 3 foot-long wingspan. The second-largest bat is the Big Free-Tailed Bat, with a 17.1 inch-long wingspan. The Minor Red Bat (Lasiurus minor) roosts in trees and lives only in 6 places on the island. Several other bats are endemic to Hispaniola and other countries, but not to the Dominican Republic.
Some examples of other unique animals are:
- Amphibian species – the Hispaniolan Yellow Treefrog (Osteopilus pulchrilineata)
- Reptile species – the Antillean Slider (Trachemys stejnegeri)
- Lizard species – the Santo Domingo Curlytail or Hispaniolan Maskless Curlytail (Leiocephalus lunatus).
- Land snail species Cerion yumaense.
- Crab species – the Stone Crab (Menippe mercenaria).
- Butterfly species – the Polydamus Swallowtail or Gold Rim (Battus polydamus polycrates)
- Moth species – the Celery Leaftier Moth (Udea rubigalis)
- Dragonfly species of Tropical King Skimmers in the genus Orthemis, such as Orthemis macrostigma.
- Damselfly species Telebasis dominicana
- Spider species – the Orchard Orb Weaver (Leucauge venusta) and the Hispaniolan Giant Tarantula (Phormictopus cancerides)
The Most Dangerous Animals In the Dominican Republic Today
Among dangerous snakes, the Hispaniolan Boa (Chilabothrus striatu) is dangerous not because of any toxic venom, but due to its strength in squeezing or strangling people to death.
Venomous animals do not always mean life-threatening. Take the following most dangerous animals in the Dominican Republic:
- Rattlesnake bites are poisonous but rarely result in fatality unless the bite enters a vein.
- The Hispaniolan solenodons are far away from snakes and likewise secretes toxic saliva, but it is only fatal to smaller animals; in humans, it causes severe pain and localized swelling which can last for days.
- The stingray species the Thorn Stripe (American Whip-Stripe) and the centipede species Scolopendra gigantea cause pain for several hours.
- The Black Widow Spider, the Brown Recluse (Violin Spider), and the rarely-seen Portuguese Man O’War do not have lethal bites unless there are complications or a lack of treatment.
- The Lionfish causes extreme pain and can cause complications such as fever, respiratory paralysis, and heart failure.
- Both the Pufferfish and the Mamp Pempén or Cane Toad are only lethal if ingested.
- The Portuguese Frigate or False Jellyfish causes marks that resemble burns, extreme pain and if it affected a large area, anaphylactic shock, and death.
It is common for people to assume that tropical islands have more dangerous wildlife than other countries. But while there are indeed several dangerous animals in the Dominican Republic, there are actually far more in the United States.
Some of the endangered animals in the Dominican Republic are:
- The Hispaniolan Solenodon, a nocturnal burrowing shrewlike mammal.
- 2 species of manatees, the West Indian Manatee or North American Manatee (Trichechus manatus) and the subspecies the Antillean Manatee or Marine Cow (Trichechus manatus), a unique species in the Caribbean.
- The Rhinoceros Iguana (Cyclura cornuta)
- The Puerto Rican Nightjar or Puerto Rican Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus noctitherus)
One of the 20 species of mammals is critically endangered, another is endangered, and three species are listed as vulnerable. A total of 9,539 species of animals including 483 species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians; 527 species of freshwater and marine fish, and 8,529 species of invertebrates (1,696 marine and 6,833 terrestrial) are on the 2011 IUCN Red List of Endangered, Threatened or Protected Species of the Dominican Republic. Amphibians and lizards, including anoles, are some of the most vulnerable animals.
Among the extinct wildlife in the Dominican Republic are 3 species of bats that are now extinct or were extirpated: One in the genus Pteronotus, Mormoops megalophylla, and Lasiurus intermedius. The Puerto Rican Hutia (Isolobodon portoricensis), introduced to Puerto Rico from Hispaniola, is completely extinct. Raccoons, namely common raccoons (Procyon lotor) are mammals non-native and eradicated. Eight species of the 20 mammals are extinct.
Zoos in the Dominican Republic
There are several zoo-equivalents in the Dominican Republic. However, the best known is the National Zoological Park, established in 1975. Currently, this zoo houses 82 species of animals, both endemic and exotic, as well as plants. The National Zoological Park is located in Santo Domingo and houses African lions, alligators, snakes, and an array of mammals, such as monkeys and Bengal tigers. Some other similar places to visit in your free time include:
- National Aquarium (Santo Domingo) – Established in 1990, this aquarium attracts visitors with a clear tunnel that allows you to get an almost 360 view of the sea turtles, sharks, fish, and sea horses swimming around you.
- Parque Zoologico (Santo Domingo) – In order to protect unique species and habitats, the Parque Zoologico was officially established in 1975, creating a home to 82 species. Many different birds, mammals, and reptiles are found in this zoo.
Dominican Animals List
- Amazon Parrot
- American Eel
- Anole Lizard
- Barn Owl
- Barn Swallow
- Bed Bugs
- Biscuit Beetle
- Black and White Warbler
- Black Widow Spider
- Blind Snake
- Brazilian Treehopper
- Brown Dog Tick
- Burrowing Owl
- Camel Cricket
- Carpenter Ant
- Chestnut-Sided Warbler
- Codling Moth
- Collared Peccary
- Common Furniture Beetle
- Common House Spider
- Common Yellowthroat
- Crab Spider
- Dog Tick
- Dubia Cockroach
- Dung Beetle
- Dwarf Boa
- False Widow Spider
- Fiddler Crab
- Flying Squirrel
- Fruit Fly
- Fulvous Whistling Duck
- German Cockroach
- Gray Catbird
- Great Blue Heron
- Harpy Eagle
- Harris Hawk
- Hawk Moth Caterpillar
- Hercules Beetle
- Herring Gull
- Honey Bee
- House wren
- Huntsman Spider
- Jumping Spider
- Kentucky Warbler
- Lone Star Tick
- Magnolia Warbler
- Marine Toad
- Mexican Free-Tailed Bat
- Mole Cricket
- Monarch Butterfly
- Mountain Lion
- Mourning Warbler
- No See Ums
- Northern Harrier
- Northern Parula
- Northern Potoo
- Orb Weaver
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pit Viper
- Poison Dart Frog
- Praying Mantis
- Ring-billed Gull
- River Turtle
- Roseate Spoonbill
- Ruby-Throated Hummingbird
- Saber-Toothed Tiger
- Sable Ferret
- Sand Crab
- Sea Eagle
- Senepol Cattle
- Sharp-Shinned Hawk
- Short-Eared Owl
- Skink Lizard
- Smokybrown Cockroach
- Snapping Turtle
- Spider Wasp
- Stick Insect
- Swallowtail Butterfly
- Tarantula Hawk
- Tiger Beetle
- Tree Frog
- Upland Sandpiper
- Vampire Bat
- Western Tanager
- Whiptail Lizard
- White-Faced Capuchin
- White Ferret / Albino Ferrets
- Wolf Spider
- Yellow Bellied Sapsucker
Dominican Republic FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What kind of animals live in the Dominican Republic?
A variety of terrestrial, marine, and freshwater animals live in the country, whether unique, native, or introduced.
What dangerous animals live in the Dominican Republic?
There are several dangerous animals including the Hispaniolan Boa, the Hispaniolan Solenodon, the Rattlesnake, the Thorn Stripe (American Whip-Stripe) stingray, the centipede species Scolopendra gigantea, the Black Widow Spider, the Brown Recluse (Violin Spider), the Portuguese Man O’War, the Lionfish, the Pufferfish, the Mamp Pempén or Cane Toad, and the Portuguese Frigate or False Jellyfish.
What is the most dangerous animal in the Dominican Republic?
The Hispaniolan Boa, which is so strong it can squeeze or strangle humans to death.
Are there tigers in the Dominican Republic?
No. The Saber-Toothed Tiger used to roam the Americas but it is extinct.