Animals in Kazakhstan

Below you can find a complete list of Kazakh animals. We currently track 156 animals in Kazakhstan and are adding more every day!

Kazakhstan is a large landlocked country in Central Asia. It shares borders with Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and the Caspian Sea. It doesn’t share a direct border with Mongolia, but it’s very close. The climate of Kazakhstan is considered extreme continental with very cold winters and hot summers. It’s also a generally arid land with most places varying between semi-arid and arid. Kazakhstan holds ten national parks and ten nature reserves to protect the many rare, unique, and endangered species of wildlife. Some common animals in Kazakhstan include the Corsac fox, the Eurasian lynx, Pallas cat, snow leopard, and Saiga antelope.

The Official National Animal of Kazakhstan

The official national animal of Kazakhstan is the golden eagle, which is also known by its scientific name of Aquila chrysaetos. The golden eagle is one of the largest raptors in the world. The average weight of female eagles is 11 pounds, and male eagles weigh just under eight pounds. These eagles can live as long as 30 years in the wild. They live throughout Kazakhstan in deserts, tundra areas, and forests.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Kazakhstan

As one of the largest landlocked nations in the world, Kazakhstan is home to a wide variety of animals. Part of Kazakhstan is in Europe and another part is in Asia. The terrain is largely treeless with abundant desert and steppe. Different animals live in different terrain. For example, snow leopards and Eurasian lynxes live in the mountains and taiga forests. Foxes and the Saiga antelope are found in the steppes. The golden eagle lives in forests as well as the steppes and open grassland.

  • Saiga antelope – the Saiga antelope is a famously endangered animal that lives in Kazakhstan. It used to have a wide range, but now can only be found in the Ural, Ustiurt, and Betpak-Dala populations.
  • Snow leopard – these large cats live mainly in the Kazakh mountain ranges and are considered vulnerable in terms of their numbers.
  • Golden eagle – Golden eagles can be found all over Kazakhstan from the mountains to the steppes, forests, and grasslands.
  • Eurasian brown bear – the Eurasian brown bear is found near the Ural Mountains and is more common to the east of this range. However, there are rare populations on the Kazakh side of the mountains.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Kazakhstan Today

Kazakhstan is home to some large carnivores, including bears, snow leopards, and lynxes. However, these animals don’t go into human settlements most of the time. It’s unlikely that the average person will encounter a dangerous situation in the wild either. Poisonous spiders like the black widow can be found in Kazakhstan as well as scorpions and some venomous snakes like vipers, gyurza and shitomornik. Snakes and spiders are more likely to be found in human areas. Desert monitors also live in Kazakhstan. They are usually shy around humans, but they have the potential to be dangerous if provoked.

Endangered Animals In Kazakhstan

There are several endangered animals in Kazakhstan, which have lost numbers due to hunting and destruction of habitat.

Several species are also considered vulnerable, including the following:

Rare Wildlife In Kazakhstan

There are several different species of rare wildlife in Kazakhstan, including the Eurasian brown bear, the long-needle hedgehog, the desert cat, slim goitered gazelles, sand grouse, and the Siberian ibex among others.

Unique Wildlife In Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is home to some unique species of wildlife. The Caspian seal is only found on the Caspian Sea, which borders Kazakhstan. The Saiga antelope is also an incredibly unique species with a small population in Kazakhstan. In ancient times, it inhabited a vast area in the Eurasian steppe. Another unique species is the Caspian Sea wolf, which is also called the steppe wolf. It is a subspecies of the gray wolf.

Extinct Animals In Kazakhstan

The ship sturgeon is the only extinct species in Kazakhstan. The endangered animals in Kazakhstan are not currently in major danger of becoming extinct.

Kazakh Animals

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are 8 different species!


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!


Can survive without water for 10 months!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


The fastest land mammal in the world!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Chinese Geese

They are excellent “guard geese”


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


There are around 40 different species!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


A very bold and ferocious predator!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Sleeps on just one leg!


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!


Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!


There are an estimated 30 million species!


The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!


Live in dens in rocks and under ledges!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!


A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


There are 13 different species worldwide


Can live for up to 100 years!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!


There are 30 different species worldwide!


Can remain in the water for up to 2 minutes!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!


Also known as the Caribou

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Russian Tortoise

Known by at least five different names


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Siberian Ibex

There’s a population of Siberian ibex in New Mexico

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!


There are only a few left in the wild!

Kazakh Animals List

Animals in Kazakhstan FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals are in Kazakhstan?

Kazakhstan has a wide variety of wildlife, including mammals, birds, and fish. Some well-known animals in the country include the Saiga antelope, snow leopard, golden eagle, and Corsac fox.

What is the national animal of Kazakhstan?

The national animal of Kazakhstan is the golden eagle.

What animals and birds live in the wild in Kazakhstan?

Wild animals that live in Kazakhstan include birds of prey like the golden eagle, steppe eagle, and great bustard. Some of the mammals in Kazakhstan include the gray wolf, Saiga antelope, snow leopard, urial, and goitered gazelle.

Are there bears in Kazakhstan?

The Eurasian brown bear has some small populations in Kazakhstan.