Below you can find a complete list of Cuban animals. We currently track 114 animals in Cuba and are adding more every day!
Cuba is an island country in the northern Caribbean with a subtropical climate. It has six major ecoregions, including moist forests, dry forests, pine forests, wetlands, cactus scrub, and mangrove forests. Cuba is thus full of wildlife. It has more species of animals than any other spot in the Caribbean with about 17,800 unique species.
What is the State Animal of Cuba
The national or state animal of Cuba is the Cuban hutia. Also known as the Desmarest’s hutia, the Cuban hutia is an omnivorous rodent that can weigh up to 19 pounds. It’s the largest living member of the hutia species. It lives in a wide range of habitats, which allows it to be quite widespread in Cuba’s diverse ecoregions.
The other state animal of Cuba is the national bird called the Cuban trogon or tocororo. The trogon lives in both dry and moist forests. It’s a very colorful bird with colors of red, purple, blue, green, and white on its body. It grows to about 10 or 11 inches from beak to tail.
Where To Find The Top Wildlife in Cuba
Some of the top wild animals in Cuba include the hawksbill turtle, the Antillean manatee, the tiny bee hummingbird, the Cuban parakeet, the French angelfish, and the Cuban crocodile. Hawksbills are found throughout Cuban tropical waters, but they specifically go to Cayo Largo to lay eggs between April and September. The Antillean manatee is also found throughout Cuban waters and can be seen while snorkeling.
Endemic bird species such as the ones mentioned above can be found throughout Cuba, but a good place to see many of them is a rural area south of Najasa town. There are plenty of good snorkeling spots in Cuba such as Playa Pesquero. There, you can see many endemic fish species like the French angelfish. Zapata National Park is a major wetland area that houses the Cuban crocodile and many other species.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Cuba Today
In general, there aren’t any truly dangerous wild animals in Cuba. The dangerous animals in Cuba are simply capable of delivering uncomfortable bites and stings. This includes Medusa jellyfish, mosquitos, scorpions, spiders, and lizards. Sharks can be found in Cuba’s waters, but they’re mostly active at night, and there are no records of shark attacks on Cuban beaches. As previously mentioned, the Cuban crocodile is only found in one area, and the area is tightly controlled with fences and the like.
Famous Animals In Cuba
Cuba’s natural biodiversity means that there are a lot of endemic animals in Cuba. These are animals that can only be found in Cuba, which makes them locally famous. The list includes the following:
Cuba is also very proud of its famous native dog the Havanese. The Havanese is very popular all over the world for its sturdy build, affectionate and playful personality, and cute small size.
Strange Animals In Cuba
Cuba can claim a number of strange wild animals as well. Top of the list is the Cuban solenodon. This is an endangered animal described as a living fossil. It looks like a shrew, and it has venomous saliva that it injects into its prey with its teeth. The strange shrew was last spotted in 2003, however, recent research suggests that there’s evidence that the animal still exists in Cuba.
Another strange animal species in Cuba is the Monte Iberia dwarf eleuth frog. It’s the third smallest of all frogs and is only found in two small parts of eastern Cuba. It’s considered critically endangered due to a loss of habitat. This frog is about the size of a fingernail.
Mammals In Cuba
Cuba doesn’t have a lot of large mammals or a lot of predators that are mammals. Many of the top animal species in Cuba are birds, reptiles, or fish. Some of the most well-known mammals in Cuba include the manatee, the Cuban hutia, the butterfly bat, the Indian mongoose, and the primitive Cuban solenodon. The Indian mongoose is not actually native to Cuba, but an invasive species. It was introduced to the island to cut down rat populations. However, it has almost no natural predators, so its numbers have gotten somewhat out of control.
Endangered Animals In Cuba
There are a number of endangered animals in Cuba. Common threats to Cuban animals include invasive species, hunting from humans, and loss of habitat from human expansion. Some notable endangered animals species in Cuba include:
- Bahama swallow
- Baracoa dwarf frog
- Cuban solenodon
- Bee hummingbird
- Cuban crocodile
- Cuban kite
- Cuban parrot
Zoos in Cuba
Cuba has a number of zoos and aquariums, including the National Zoo of Cuba located in Havana. Other zoos and aquariums include the following:
Cuban Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Caiman Lizard
- Collared Peccary
- Flying Squirrel
- Glow Worm
- Harpy Eagle
- Hercules Beetle
- Honey Bee
- Marine Toad
- Mexican Free-Tailed Bat
- Monarch Butterfly
- Monte Iberia Eleuth
- Mountain Lion
- Peregrine Falcon
- Poison Dart Frog
- River Turtle
- Roseate Spoonbill
- Saber-Toothed Tiger
- Snapping Turtle
- Stick Insect
- Tree Frog
- Vampire Bat
- White-Faced Capuchin
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Cuba FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Cuba?
Cuba is home to over 17,000 species of animals, including the Cuban hutia, the bee hummingbird, the Cuban land crab, the Cuban ground iguana, and the Cuban crocodile.
What is the most dangerous animal in Cuba?
Cuba has no truly dangerous animals, but Medusa jellyfish, crocodiles, and sharks are some to look out for.
What is the state animal of Cuba?
Cuba has two state animals in the Cuban hutia and the Cuban tocororo bird.
Are there monkeys in Cuba?
Cuba also used to be home to native monkey species, but there are no longer any native monkey species in Cuba.
Does Cuba have sloths?
Cuba was once home to giant ground sloths, but it no longer has any sloth species.