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Dog Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Carnivora
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Canidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Canis
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Canis lupus familiaris
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Carnivore
Size:
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
50cm (20in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
30kg (65lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
50km/h (31mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
15 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Solitary

Dog Location

Map of Dog Locations

Dog

Dogs are thought to have been first domesticated in East Asia thousands of years ago. People primarily used dogs for guarding the hunters and areas of land.

Todays domestic dog is actually a subspecies of the gray wolf, a type of dog that is feared by most humans. Many people today, in all countries around the world, keep dogs as household pets and many even regard their dog as a family member.

There are currently around 800 different species of domestic dog worldwide. Included are mountain dogs such as Saint Bernards or Huskys and territorial guard dogs like the Neapolitan and Tibetan Mastiffs.

Dog Foot Facts

  • Dogs have soft pads on the bottom of their feet which help them to run quickly and quietly
  • Dogs have sharp, strong claws on their feet which allow them to grip when running and also helps them to dig.
  • Some dog species have dew claws on the sides of their feet which help the dog to balance when running, like the baby toes on humans.
  • The dew claws on a dog never really touch the ground but are often used to help the dog to lightly grip their prey.
  • The paws of a dog are around half the size of the paws of the wolf, as the dog is generally not as powerful as the wolf.

Dog Teeth Facts

  • Dogs have highly specialised teeth which allows them to both bite and tear meat apart.
  • The teeth of the dog are small than those of their wolf relatives as the dog has no need to be able to catch and kill such large prey.
  • The tongue of the dog is vital in heat regulation as moisture on the tongue cools instantly and the cooler air is then passed into the respiratory system.
  • Puppys have around 28 teeth but the average adult dog has 42 teeth which include 12 incisors, 4 canines, 16 premolars and 10 molars.
  • When a puppy is about four months old, they shed their baby teeth and grow their permanent adult teeth which are much stronger.

Dog Comments

Jacob
"Love dogs most they are so cute"
victoria morrow
"omg I love dog to , my dog looks like a fox"
manas
"I like most also all type of animal"
jj1234
"i love dogs!"
lilly bean
"omg my dog is so cute so glad to do this project"
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First Published: 10th November 2008, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 10 Nov 2008]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 10 Nov 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 10 Nov 2008]

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